Dante Alighieri's The Inferno is a poem written in first person that tells a story of Dante’s journey through the nine circles of Hell after he strays from the rightful path. Each circle of Hell contains sinners who have committed different sins during their lifetime and are punished based on the severity of their sins. When taking into the beliefs and moral teachings of the Catholic Church into consideration, these punishments seem especially unfair and extreme. Souls residing in Purgatory receive punishments despite the fact that this level is not considered part of Hell. As Dante and his guide, Virgil, enter Ante-Inferno (also known as Purgatory), Virgil explains to him that this is where the souls of those who did not take a side between God and Satan or did not do anything during their lifetime that would determine whether they would go to Hell or Heaven (III.
Directly before entering the First Circle of Hell reside the souls who are not even sinners, but just those in a purgatorial state who did not live for good or evil during their lifetimes. Dante observes their torment, seeing the souls “stung and stung again/ by the hornets and the wasps that circled them / and made their faces run with blood in streaks;/ their blood, mixed with their tears, dripped to their feet, / and disgusting maggots collected in the pus,” (III. 65-69). Dante’s vivid description of the gruesome degradation of the people stuck in Hell directly attacks the idea that God created Hell with justice in mind; no justice can be found in brutally punishing those who did nothing to deserve it. Dante then enters the First Circle of Hell, which brings Dante overwhelming grief when he sees his poetic idols stuck in Hell.
The many popular figures in Hell, especially the Popes, ended up there for their grievous and shocking misconducts. In Canto 19, the pilgrim talks to Pope Nicholas III, who tells him that he is in Hell for simony (Alighieri 455, 456). Simony is when someone pays to receive sacraments, which happened during the period of Dante’s life; this shows how he perceives the political figures who have committed these scandals. He uses multiple Popes in the Inferno to illuminate how deeply corrupted the leaders of the church were. Dante exemplifies this by Pope Nicholas being scared that Pope Boniface VIII, who actuall... ... middle of paper ... ...onjointly, Dante’s strategically used imagery shows the horrors are merely the hidden sins committed on Earth and that caused them to be punished in Hell to their sins’ equal severity.
The state of Hell thematically represents a state of spiritual stagnation that bound whoever entered. In the beginning of the poem Dante’ is initially trapped in the “midway point of his life” (Inf I, 1). A midway point can also be seen as a turning point it is important to understand where the story begins, because it holds importance. At this midway point Dante is encountered by three demons that ultimately scare him to his path of entrapment. Here Alighieri uses words such as “impeded, barred the way” (Inf I, 35) that ultimately sets the tone for the reader as Dante decides to enter into the trap of hell.
“Inferno” by Dante Alighieri, written in the fourteenth century, is the first part of Dante’s epic poem, “Divine Comedy.” “Purgatorio” and “Paradiso” followed it. “Inferno” was an allegorical account of Dante as he descends through the nine levels of Hell with his guide, Roman poet Virgil. As Dante travels through the levels, or concentric rings of Hell, he begins to have a new understanding of religion and begins also to question his own morals and ethics. In the first few rings, Dante feels a large amount of pity for the tortured souls he sees. However, as he reaches the inner rings, he is less inclined to feel pity for the sinner souls, and eventually realizes that to feel pity for those in Hell is to demonstrate a lack of understanding.
In canto XXVIII of the inferno Dante and Virgil are in the ninth circle of hell. There is where the sowers of discord lay. They’re punishment was to mutilated and drug around in pieces and bit to fit their sin of splitting apart what was intended to be united. Bertrand de Born and Mosca dei Lamberti are two of the political allusions mentioned in this canto. While they are there a shade cried “remember me:/ I am Bertrand de Born and it was I/ who set the young king onto mutiny, / son against father, rather against son.” (28.133-36) this particular shade had to walk around carrying its own head as a lantern to guide him through hell for all eternity.
This angers his guide, who reprimands Dante. The passage known as the “Up on Your Feet” passage is directly related to the overall theme of Dante’s Inferno, in several different ways. Dante tires after traveling through nearly seven of the nine circles of Hell, and Virgil becomes angry and impatient; his words to Dante reflect the overall theme of the Inferno. “‘Up on your feet! This is not time to tire!’ my master cried.” (Pg.207 line 46) Dante has ventured a long way into the pits of hell.
“Everyman—that is, any human being—finds himself in the dark state of sin and error after having wandered from the true moral course established by God” (Rudd 10). He encounters a ghostly guy named Virgil who was the amazing Latin/Roman poet that guides him through the nine chambers of hell ba... ... middle of paper ... ...r Sunday. The journey is later continued through purgatory. Works Cited Alcorn, John. "Suffering In Hell."
In the Inferno we follow the journey of Dante as he wanders off the path of moral truth and into Hell. The Virgin Mary and Santa Lucia ask Beatrice, Dante’s deceased love, to send some help. Thus, Virgil comes to the rescue and essentially guides Dante through Hell and back to the mortal world from which he came. However, things begin to seem kind of odd. When reading the Inferno one may begin to question the way Dante describes Hell and the things that occur within, or even the things we have always believed about Hell.
How did you get yourself in such a pickle?" (Canto XVIII, lines 48 – 51) Love and suffering are closely intertwined in these two works. In The Aeneid, Aeneas suffers through the fall of Troy and the loss of his wife before finding Dido and "marrying" her. In Inferno, Paolo and Francesca suffer in Hell after they were killed for falling in love. In The Aeneid, a reoccurring theme is that bad things are ahead and that we must go through the bad things in order to get to the good things. The opposite is true in the story of Paolo and Francesca in the Inferno.