What is The Problem with the US Correctional Systems

explanatory Essay
1920 words
1920 words

Prisoners in Our Corrections

In California, legal executions were authorized under the Criminal Practice Act of 1851. On February 1872, capital punishment was integrated into the California Penal Code. Explaining the historical development of capital and corporal punishment, including the methods of punishment used over the years and the Latin roots of capita and corpus. There are four primary United States constitutional amendments which safeguard inmates’ rights and how these amendments protect prisoners or inmates. The goals of rehabilitation and punishment, as well as probation and parole, and areas as it relate to inmate as well as for the community. Why is it one of the Colorado prisons important to our correctional system? Why are they compared to Pelican bay prison? Is there sentencing alternatives for the offenders?

According to the California Department of Correction and Rehabilitation (CDCR), Capital Punishment is a legal infliction of death as a penalty for violating criminal law. In addition, throughout history people have been put to death for various forms of wrongdoing. The methods of execution include such as practices of crucifixion, stoning, drowning, burning at the stakes stabbing, and of course beheading. Today, in most states, capital punishment is typically accomplished by lethal gas or injection, electrocution, hanging or shooting by the military under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. But in California, incarceration is preferred method to punish offenders, according to

Corporal Punishment is consequent from a Latin word meaning body. Which meant physical punishment and in the past it was very common. In California, corporal punishment has been implemented instead of capital punis...

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HAWKINS, GORDON; FRASE RICHARD S., BORIS N. MIRONOV, and COLIN BLAKEMORE;SHELIA JENNETT. "Corporal Punishment." HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2002. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.

Lambert, Tim. "A History of Corporal Punishment." A History of Corporal Punishment. N.p., 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.

"America's Tug of War over Sanctioned Death." The History of Capital Punishment in the United States. N.p., 19 Sept. 2009. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.

Ridgeway, James, and Jean Casella. "America's 10 Worst Prisons: ADX." Mother Jones. N.p., 01 May 2013. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.

Atkinson, Grant. "Types of Alternative Sentencing." LegalMatch. N.p., 3 Apr. 2014. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.

Taylor, Michael. "The Last Worst Place / The Isolation at Colorado's ADX Prison Is Brutal beyond Compare. So Are the Inmates." SFGate. N.p., 28 Dec. 1998. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the historical development of capital and corporal punishment, including the methods of punishment used over the years, and the latin roots of capita and corpus.
  • Explains that capital punishment is a legal infliction of death for violating criminal law. in california, incarceration is preferred method of punishment.
  • Explains that in california, corporal punishment has been implemented instead of capital punishment. prisoners and civil rights activist believe that it is inhumane; people make mistakes and deserve life.
  • Defines corporal punishment as the use of pain, injury, distress or mortification to reprimand unruly or criminal behavior. jesus was beaten by a whip or rod before he was crucified in the cross.
  • Explains that more serious forms of corporal punishment, including flogging, have undergone restoration in certain countries such as islamic areas that have experienced new beginning in fundamentalism.
  • Explains that federal and state laws govern the establishment and administration of prisons as well as the rights of the inmates.
  • Explains that even the most chronic or hardened inmates have basic rights that are protected by the united states constitution, such as freedom of speech or press, the right of the people peaceably to assemble, establishing of religion and redress of grievances.
  • Explains that the fourth amendment protects prisoners' privacy from government intrusion, but prisoners surrender most of their privacy rights in correctional institutions.
  • Opines that rehabilitation is the most appealing modern justification for use of the criminal sanction. prisoners were encouraged to develop occupational skills and resolve psychological problems.
  • Describes the usp administrative maximum in florence, colorado, nicknamed the alcatraz of the rockies.
  • Explains that inmates who want to participate in programs will face other constraints such as the procedures used to classify them with respect to security and programs.
  • Opines that harsher penalties were needed to restore order and deter prisoners from killing prison guards.
  • Explains that punishing and following up with rehabilitation through community supervision can be the source of helping deter crime.
  • Explains that probation and parole are privileges which allow offenders to prevent prison or be discharged from prison system after serving only a partial of their sentences.
  • Explains that alternative sentencing is when someone is convicted of a crime, the court determines what the proper punishment will be.
  • Explains alternative sentencing, such as partial incarceration through work furlough, and house arrest where the criminal offender serves his or her sentence detained at their own residence.
  • Opines that alternative sentencing may be available for first-time non-violent offenders. however, if an offender violates the terms, they may need to finish their sentence in jail.
  • Explains that capital punishment has been used since ancient times, beginning with jesus. the declination of corporal punishment was once hailed as a sign of humanitarianism and civilization.
  • Cites clear, todd r., george f. cole, and michael d. reisig. american corrections. belmont, ca: cengage learning wadsworth, 2013.
  • Explains the history of capital punishment in california.
  • Explains lambert's "a history of corporal punishment." the history of capital punishment in the united states.

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