Introduction The term sociology is used to refer to the scientific study of the social behaviors and the societal components like the origin, its developments, the organization structure, institutional networks and the manner in which all these factors are related or fit into one system. Sociology is categorized as a social science because it applies empirical methods of investigation as well as the critical analysis of situations in the development of a pool of knowledge related to social orders or disorders and social relationships. The main aim of sociology therefore is to provide an avenue upon which human beings can understand each other as well as the social process around them. The modern time sociology entails understanding the society
Sociologists aim to “look behind curtains” to understand the complexity of society. Sociologist want to find out why people react and behave in certain ways. Its important for us to study sociology because its essential for peaceful and prosperous living. The study of society helps us analyze the quality of our everyday lives such as: Inequalities in the wealth of nations and classes, problems in gender relations, ethnic, racial and religious
First, it has the objective of describing the social world in the most possible detailed way. Second, Sociology can help to understand the social world and what why and how specific patterns happen. Third, the use of Sociology to influence and improve the social world in which human beings live. Finally, sociology offers a distinctive way of seeing and understanding the social world. To make it possible, sociologists have needed to develop sociological imagination, which is the sociological way to look at the world and make connections between individual issues and trends that are present in the whole society.
40-62, Retrieved January 16, 2014, from, http://www.academia.edu/683127/Classical_Social_Theory_I_Marx_and_Durkheim Ritzer, George (2011). Classical Sociological Theory, (6th Ed). Boston: McGraw Hill. Sociology Index. (ND).
“It can be said that the first wisdom of sociology is this- things are not what they seem” (Berger, 1963). The sociological perspective allows scientists to investigate the factors influencing social behavior that are not seen and not obvious. The sociological perspective allows examination of behavior as it is influenced by the groups in which people belong and by the influence of their society. Factors that influence social location, or the position of a person within society, have significant influence on behavior. Occupation, Education, race, and even age can have effects on how a person operates within society, how they behave and to which groups they belong (Henslin, p.2, 2015).
The study of sociology has leads to a greater understanding of how individual and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. The study of sociology has provided valuable understanding how human behaviour is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. Sociologists study people as they form groups with one another. Also sociology places special emphasis on studying societies, both as individual entities and as element of a global perspective. The meaning of sociological theory A sociological theory is statements of why and how particular facts about the social world related.
This makes them interesting to compare and contrast, something this essay will aim to do. Erving Goffman (1959, 1971 and 1972) developed several theories that aim to understand how social order is created. His main interest was with how people’s everyday interactions connected to the creating of social order. (Silva, 2009, p.316). Michel Foucault (1972, 1977 and 1978) was also interested in the making of social order; however he focused on the people who have what he called ‘authoritative knowledge’, and the people who put this knowledge to work in social institutions.
This segment of sociology attempts to deal with the structures of any given society and ones' relationship with the institution. 'Social stratification means that inequality has been hardened or institutionalized, and there is a system of social relationships that determines who gets what, and why (pg.11, Kerbo). '; Through various paradigms, and theories we are able to come to a better understanding of social stratification. The paradigm that is most rational to my understanding of social stratification is the critical-conflict. In this paradigm the state embodies the interests of the "common citizen," and mediates between primitive human desires and the rational need for freedom and well being.
Sociology is a study of human behaviour as constructed by the human race, as distinct from a study of those sciences which are dependent upon natural evolution. Although humans are basically similar, it helps us understand their behavioural attitudes towards any kind of situation, particularly where there are conflicts of interests such as those between the different classes, or communities of large cultural diversity. Sociologists believe that the way to adequately study and understand the behaviour and lives of individuals is to study the social contexts within which they live. It studies social patterns and trends and the phenomena that causes social change, how individuals adapt to that change and how that influences collective behaviour in groups: families, youth clubs and work places, as well as large-scale global problems such as poverty, helping to bringing forth solutions as a result. Sociology is not a precise science, and is dependent on outside influ... ... middle of paper ... ...al approach is focuses on the dynamics of individual people in small groups, taking on the microview.
According to Eleanor Marx, “Karl wai... ... middle of paper ... ...in Neue Zeit 1897 <http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/bio/marx/eleanor.htm> (29 October 2001) 3. Marx 4. Lenin 5. Thomas, Paul, “Nature and Artifice in Marx,” History of Political Thought [Great Britain], 1998. 485-503 (29 October 2001) 6.