What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Colonial North America

1298 Words6 Pages
The History of colonial North America is primarily centered on the struggle of England, France and Spain to gain control of the continent. Settlers crossed the Atlantic for different reasons, and their governments took different approaches to their colonizing efforts. These differences created both advantages and disadvantages that deeply affected the New World’s fate. For instance, France and Spain were governed by autocratic sovereigns whose rule was absolute; their colonists went to America as servants of the Crown. The English colonists, on the other hand enjoyed for more freedom and were able to govern themselves as long as they followed English law and were loyal to the king. In addition, unlike France and Spain, England encouraged…show more content…
By the 1570’s the Spanish had established roughly 200 cities and towns in the New World. Being crown-sponsored conquests gained riches for Spain and expanded its empire. Conquistadores, soldiers, and missionaries were the primary Spanish colonization. Farmers and traders came later on. The Spanish colonies were governed by crown appointed governors. Spanish settlers had to obey the king’s laws and they could not make any laws of their own. Spanish settlers were strictly Catholics: those who were Protestants were persecuted and driven away. As for the economy, it was largely a trading company with some farming in the West. Commerce was controlled by the Spanish board or trade, with regulations to enforce by the Spanish military. The Spanish and French colonies were alike in slow growth. Though the cause for the Spanish slow growth was caused by many factors including; poor relations with the Native Americans. Spanish missionaries saw the Natives as heathens and soldiers viewed them as fit only for killing. In which the French had an equitable…show more content…
The French slowly established more colonies along the St. Lawrence River and other areas in which they traded. By 1600 there were roughly around 3000 people living in New France. By the 18th century the French claimed most of the US. Midwest, Louisiana, and Canada, it was never as numerous as the English and Spanish colonies though. At first, French settlement was based upon the fur trade and to a smaller extent, fishing. Fur hats were immensely popular in Europe in the 17th century to the wealthy. All French colonies were under the king’s direct control. There was no political right or representative government, and public meetings could not be held without permission from the king. Even though Protestants had played a role in the founding of New France, from around 1659 they were excluded from the colony. French colonies were mainly Catholics same as the Spanish colony. The French government encouraged farming efforts, the fur trade proved to be more successful. The plantations that were established in the Mississippi valley largely failed. The French and Spanish colonies were alike in slow growth. By 1672 the population growth of France was no more than 5,000 which were colonists that had settled throughout New France. The trading relationship between the French and the Natives were an equitable one. The French needed the Natives

More about What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Colonial North America

Open Document