Paris society sought his company for his cleverness, humor and remarkable ability to write verse. In 1717 he was arrested for writing a series of satirical verses ridiculing the French government, and was imprisoned in the Bastille. During his eleven months in prison he wrote his first major play, "Oedipe," which achieved great success in 1718. He adopted his pen name "Voltaire" the same year. In 1726 Voltaire insulted a powerful young nobleman and was given two options: imprisonment or exile.
A monarchy he condemns to include the army, the law, religion and senate (Percy). Described are the madness and blindness of the King and the mutilated genetic line that includes the Prince. Holding true to his form, the poet ends his poem in optimism; optimistically yearning for a revolution and that people will rise up against the ruling class. Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem, “England in 1819”, was broken down into two romantic themes. Shelley tried to show people to see ordinary things in a brand new way which is part of a glorification of the ordinary theme and by writing his poem outside the expected literary rules he used an individualism and alienation theme to show his true feelings about the British monarchy and his passion for liberty.
From 1726 to 1728, Voltaire was sentenced to another term in the Bastille and exiled to England due to an encounter with “his growing squadron of enemies and spearheaded Chevalier de Rohan” (Stanley 67). He met the author by the name of Jonathan Swift during his exile. Voltaire was able to re-enter France in 1729, and p... ... middle of paper ... ... disclose any wrongs so that it can be lifted. "The key targets of Voltaire's satire are totalizing perceptions of the world, whether extreme optimism or extreme pessimism, both of which offer excuses for indifference to human suffering" (Stanley 76). Voltaire aims to add the different perspectives of how people view the world and conclude that whether one believes in optimism or pessimism, their outcomes lead to human suffering.
The Regency Crisis truly deserved its name due to the madness of the King, political parties, and the British Legal system during this time. The King’s madness certainly started to be noticed in the 1788 during his reign. During this time there were two political parties. The Tories who were led by Prime Minister, William Pitt the Younger who was the party in power, and the opposing party, the Whigs, who were led by Charles James Fox, who was also close friends with the Prince of Wales, the King’s eldest son. The sickness of the King brought out the parties personal gains and revealed what kind of people they were.
The Jesuits were well known for their production of theatre in Latin, and Voltaire received a great deal of theatrical education that would serve him later in life. Voltaire began moving in aristocratic circles and writing; this was wholly unacceptable to his father, who feared he was neglecting his legal studies and becoming increasingly liberal, forced him to leave Paris for Holland. However, there Voltaire fell for a young Protestant woman. His father, taking issue with her religion, forced him to return to Paris in 1713. His reputation as a writer of satire and prose was already forming, and so when two offensive and libelous works (Puerto Regnanto and J'ai vu) appeared, he was accused of being the author and imprisoned in 1716 for 11 months.
During his reign as king, France participated in several wars including the War of Devolution, in Anglo-Dutch War, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Another major action he took was the proclamation of the Edict of Fontainebleau, which revoked the Edict of Nantes, imposing religious uniformity through Catholi... ... middle of paper ... ...roblems and turned a great number of people against the monarchy. These events lead to the resentment that was another key factor in beginning the French Revolution. The end of King Louis XIV’s rule was especially disastrous. After the death of his advisor Colbert, King Louis XIV made even more horrible and costly decisions.
First was Andres Bello, who taught Bolivar about science and exposed him to Enlightenment ideas. Next was Simon Rodriguez, a devote follower of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a philosopher who greatly influenced the French Revolution with his political philosophy. Bolivar was also militantly trained and by the age of fourteen he had earned the rank of lieutenant. In 1802, at the age of seventeen, Bolivar married the young daughter of a Spanish nobleman and soon after returned to Caracas. Unfortunately, the marriage did not last very long, as his wife died a year later from yellow fever.
This incarceration and banishment was in response to satirical compositions written by Voltaire that the French political powers felt undermined their rule. Despite harsh censorship laws, Voltaire still wrote many works over his lifetime which critically questioned European traditions; often times manifesting quite a satirical touch to the piece. He was often critical of established religion and absolute monarchy, including the tight church-state relationship, expressing his distaste for their hypocritical behaviors and corruptness. Voltaire’s works occasionally commented on the importance of empiricism and experiential philosophy, ideas which had just begun to gain traction over the previous few decades. Letters on England was Voltaire’s response to what he observed during his time in England: a society with religious tolerance, a moderate political power, and an emphasis on science and the arts.
Napoleon’s problems were not just condensed in one area; they were spread out over the world... ... middle of paper ... ...leon deserted what was left of his army and rushed back to Paris when he heard of this. People who had once supported Napoleon’s rule, had gathered to get rid of it. Prussia cut its allegiance with Napoleon and signed a treaty with the tsar; Britain, Sweden, and Austria joined them, they were doing what was best for their country. Then on August 10, 1813 war was declared by Austria to make sure Austria was on the winning side to protect itself. The fall of Napoleon’s empire was caused by nationalism and his own greedy intentions.
He defeated both the Spanish and the British on separate occasions and helped the French reach a trade agreement with the Americans. Late in his career he worked to try to separate Haiti from the French for good, and help Haiti become the great plantation nation it once was, but by that time Napoleon was in power and wouldn't let that happen. L'Ouverture was imprisoned in 1802 and died a year later of pneumonia. In the poem by Wordsworth, he describes Toussaint as, "The most unhappy man of Men!" by saying this, Wordsworth is trying to show L'Ouverture's ambition.