Children raised by a single parent are twice as likely to drop out as those raised by two parents. Also, black and Hispanic children, children with poorly educated mothers, students with poor health and nutrition, and students in a poorly funded school are more likely to drop out of school (Natriello 2002). Although some of these factors are interrelated, they increase the number of at risk students in the United States. Along with these environmental risk factors for failure are situational factors. Students who have to change schools frequently have higher failure rates than those who stay in one school (Natriello 2002).
As an educator, I am often stunned by the high absentee rates of the students in public education. Student attendance is directly correlated performance on high-stakes testing, academic success, and overall school success. Administrators also have to be strategic in addressing behavior that may result in Out of School Suspension. Students who are not at school can’t receive instruction. Finally, student attendance results in the school possibly losing funding and a decrease in graduation rates.
Whereas regional data acknowledged incompletion of schooling has been as high as forty five percent (Marginson, n.d). Milman (2013) alluded to the fact that nationally the likelihood of disadvantaged children completing school is reported as twenty percent less likely than that of wealthy children. Reasons for early drop out varies between students, some drop out due to personal life influences, such as finance problems, pregnancy or other family related issues. But for many drop outs, it is a direct response to educational disparities. Many become irritated with education they see as being irrelevant to their lifestyle.
Low-income and minority students are the individuals and groups that are the most negatively affected by the United States educational failure. The number of Hispanic students in the United States is expected to grow 33 percent by 2020 and the number of multi-racial students are expected to grow 44 percent, however their educational future does not look bright. Historically, minorities are the most likely to be impoverished. Dozens of policies have been drafted and implemented in order to fix this problem, however the solutions have not worked, since at least 50 percent of elementary school students are now attending schools where the majority of students are low income and minority. The high poverty, educational environment the students are in leads to less high school graduation and college attendance, thus in turn will lead to a large population that will burden the United States economy later on in areas such as healthcare and welfare.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 44% of students nationwide are minorities, but nearly 90% of teachers are white. Polls and surveys further read that if there were more African American male teachers, the dropout rate would decrease while the graduation rate increases. In urban societies most African American teens would be more likely to succeed if there were more black males instructing secondary classrooms. Perhaps more importantly, the average black teenager is raised within a single parented home, typically with their father being absent. Not only does the absence of father’s affect the home financially, but also emotionally and socially destruct the family.
Students that come from a family of less educational experince, low income, low budget enviroment, lack of interest, family responsibilaties, working multible jobs, lack of parental support, and parenthood are the one who are most likey to drop out of high school easily. In the perspective of principals and teachers, 61% of teachers and 45% of principals saw lack of support at home as a factor in most cases of students ' dropping out, with 89% of teachers and 88% of principals saying it was a factor in at least some cases (Bridgeland, 2009, p.16). In some over cases, students drop out of school because they feel unprepared and are failing, the students believe that their previuos school years didn’t prepare them for the high school educational levels. Other students said they were just bored during school, wasn’t intersted in the material that was being taught. The excuse of being bored at school then leads to absences; many absences then leads to make up hours and or not walking down graduation.
Don’t Drop Out of High School Across the nation, 8.1 percent of students drop out of high school every year (Education Week). Studies have shown that not graduating from high school leads to more bad choices in one’s future. After one drops out of high school, it hurts their future occupation, their chances of getting in trouble with the law increases, and it hurts our country’s image. While you’re growing up as a child and as an adolescent, you have dream after dream for your future. As you age through life and school, your dreams seem to become harder to reach.
The students many times are then stuck in the classes that do not have the same high expectations as the one or two classes of our “top” students. Those “top” classes are often times over represented by the white students as well as students from more affluent families. Going back to Orfield, et al (2010), one way to keep this from happening is by “detracking” students (p 25). Oftentimes students are labeled at a young age and sent on track that will carry on all the way through graduation. Minority students, ELL students and students from low income families generally do not test well at young ages and then are put on track of education that has lower expectations than their peers that are from affluent white families.
And even worse, these schools tend to be segregated since they are usually in the harsher parts of a neighborhood. Sadly, it’s the segregated schools are one of the main reasons why black students decide not to go on to pursue a higher education. According to "The Way Out of the Black Poverty Cycle", a black student that attends an integrated suburban school is six times more likely to graduate compared to a segregated under resourced school. An African Americans family structure and the opinions of family members affects if their decision to further their education as well. Many African American children grow up un... ... middle of paper ... ...e and prepared for college work.
Parental involvement can be a turning point in students’ lives and without it, students are less motivated to complete high school. Parents often miss the warning signs of students that are close to dropping out of school. In eighth grade, students becoming disengaged, absent more than twenty percent of the school day and failing English and Math. It has been estimated that by eighth grade, 64.5% of students are less than proficient in math and reading (Balfanz et al., 2014). In ninth grade, warning signs include having poor attendance and not being able to proceed to the next grade on time because of not having the appropriate amount of credits to complete the grade (Furger, 2008).