New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Eliade, Mircea. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. San Diego: Harcourt, Inc., 1987. Holy Bible, New American Bible (Iowa Falls, Iowa, 1986) Johnson, Kevin Orlin.
1971. “Crusade.” Encyclopedia Britannica. < http://search.eb.com/eb/article?.eu=118963 > Howerth, Ira. “What is Religion?” International Journal of Ethics. 1983.
War and conflict is a characteristic nature of man it was around before religion ever existed and many other factors are the cause of war such as, ethnicity, culture, ideologues, race, class, gender, power, greed, selfishness, revenge, genocide, immigration, government decisions, and SIN these are just a few. Bible scriptures say, “war is the cause of sin in the world not god” (King James Version, Matt. 15.19). Therefore, the aim is to prove that religion is more of an excuse for war. Then refute that selfishness, greed, and sin caused by human-violence are the primary causes of war.
Hermann Häring’s argues that religion only leads to violence when it is combined with other factors. In relation to the articles, when religion is combined with power it can lead to violence. Häring shows this relationship of violence and power with the Catholic and Islamic religions. Both have gained power over time with the use of violence. They are guilty of provoking and practicing violence to gain power and political action.
Twain’s views manage to ironically uplift Christianity in a way that degrades hypocrisy, evil, and ignorance. Despite religion’s pure reputation, hypocrites constantly attack Huck’s beliefs. After many encounters with religious errors, Huck sees religion as hurtful, finding the countless flaws, immoral followers, confusing ideas, and lack of proof. Huck simply continues his faithfulness to superstition; which seems to be the only way to escape. Religion in the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn not only becomes the main evil, it provides readers with another perspective that judges, lies, deceives, and sins ironically to the point that religion is not seen as a belief, but another useless tool to spread more evil in a world that already dwells in sin.
Swords clash, bombs explode, and governments disintegrate; the world is at war and God is the Commanding General for both sides? Past, present, and future, there is in fact a Holy War being waged. The combatants are not your typical organized armies, they are bodies of faith. Religious conflict has been a staple of existence since the beginning of time. Ted Hodges, expert in conflicts in history, said “Some of the worst wars, mass murders, and other outbreaks of violence in history have been motivated by religious hatred or revenge.
San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1996. Raymond E. Brown, et al., Eds. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Endglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990. The Catholic Study Bible.
Martin Luther: An Introduction to his Life and Work. Translated by Robert C. Schultz. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1986. Luther: Man between God and the Devil. Translated by Eileen Walliser-Schwarzbart.