Somalia is a country which has gone through an extreme time of hunger, violence and distraught. In the early 1990’s Mohammed Siad Barre leader of Somalia was removed forcibly from power by a union of opposing clans called the United Somalia Congress which, their temporary alliance and partnership soon came to an end dividing the United Somalia Congress into two groups. Mohammed Farah Aidid led one of the groups; Ali Mahdi led the other. The Somalia Civil War between clans consequently destroyed Somalia’s agriculture. With little to no food the Somali militias’ Commanders/Leaders retained power of Somalia by taking control over food supplies.
The SPLA split of 1991, while not tribally motivated, drove a military and political divide between the groups of the Upper Nile, namely the Dinka and the Nuer. These were the places that could have produced a food surplus, but because of the fighting, food production could not happen. Thus the brutal conflict in the Hunger Triangle tore open the customary safety nets and exposed hundreds of thousands to hunger, disease, and death. Violations of the Rules of War By Government Forces The Sudan government has engaged in widespread violations of the rules of war during the period of 1992 to early 1994, indiscriminately killing southern civilians, burning their villages, and bombing and shelling their population centers. Its forces also tortured and killed detainees in southern garrison towns.
Drought left hardship for all three regions and the impact is large-scale. The solution process to this drought is not making the impact it needs to for there is people dying daily from living in this drought. Therefore, the fact remands this drought changed the way of East African peoples life and the affects on the children who never knew the environment any other way are all born into a life of inequality and with all the resources in the world and ability to make food surplus there is no reason to why people should be starving not only due drought but in any condition.
This resulted in over three hundred thousand Somalis dying of starvation, due to the fact that they were stealing internationally provided food to secure the backing of clan leaders to fight each other. In light of the severe food crisis in Somali, the United Nations created a Unified Task Force to facilitate the distribution of humanitarian relief during the widespread fighting between the Somali clans. The United States and other NATO nations sent troops, but the Task forced failed because they were unable to secure shipments of supplies. Most of the supplies were ransacked by the militants abruptly upon arrival. This led to the United Nations passing Resolution 794, which established a protected environment to carry out humanitarian operations.
Pillaging of villages and unimpeded criminality eventually led to a catastrophic famine which is estimated to have claimed over 250,000 lives. What is the state? The idea of ‘state collapse’ within Somalia, as well as the need for intervention, relies upon the idea that Somalia itself was at some point a functioning ‘state’. Somalia was a country that had experienced excessive amounts of political v... ... middle of paper ... ...her. By November 1992, General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, the main Warlord in Somalia, had become confident enough to defy outright the Security Council and demand the withdrawal of peace keepers, as well as proclaiming aggressive intent against further UN deployments.
United states inaction policies led to “Hundreds of thousands of Bosnians [that] were killed or forced to flee.”(Anthony Lewis). The U.S. would eventually help the Croats, “In the end, shamed by the mass murder of Bosnians in Srebrenica, the U.S. negotiated the Dayton accords and sent forces to help police them,” however, it would be very little and too late. (Anthony Lewis). Deeper U.S. involvement was not achieved until Mr. Milosevic continued to terrorize kosovo, as said by Anthony Lewis “Mr. Milosevic, moreover, concluding that the United States was a paper tiger, went on t... ... middle of paper ... ...under much less favorable conditions than would have existed years before.”(Anthony Lewis).
Somalia had struggled with poor economic and internal fighting. After the revolution, the coalition then divided into two groups, one group was led by Ali Mahdi and Mohammed Farah Adid led the other. The fight between the two clans led to the starvation of people of Somalia, because of the fighting over agriculture. The clans used foot suppliers to control the people and secure their loyalty. During the year of 1991, three hundred thousand people died from starvation.
Throughout Northern and Central Africa ethnic fighting and mass genocide has run rampant. Clashes between, diverse ethnic and cultural people has caused instability, these mass humanitarian disasters that can no longer be ignored. With the help of other nations South Sudan can go from another mass genocide waiting to happen, to a region supplier of much needed resources, with the help of other nations. In the 1990’s Rwanda genocide was basically ignored by the United States government and because of this hundreds of thousands were either killed or injured in the area. In the early 2000’s the war in Darfur, created a campaign of ethnic cleansing against Darfur's non-Arabs.
Before 2003 there were six million people living peacefully and all of the sudden there were three million people displaced, 400,000 people dead, and one despot. This sudden change was due to the Darfur government killing the citizens of Darfur. It began in 2003 when two peacekeeping rebel groups challenged the Darfur government, accusing it of neglect. The government responded by killing and raping as many people they could making it a national genocide. A Genocide is the action of deliberately killing a group of people, specifically one certain ethnic group or religion.
s today marks the 20th anniversary of the Rwanda Genocide, the United States reflects on its failure to react to the tragic conflict. Over the course of 100 days in 1994, hundreds of thousands of Tutsi people suffered and were killed by machetes, grenades, clubs and rape; all brought on by the Hutus. Fueled by the tensions growing between the two ethnic groups over dominance and suffering economy, the Hutu people began to blame the Tutsis for all of their problems and the pressure finally boiled over into a full out massacre. In 1918, 600 years of harmony between the Hutu and Tutsi people was ruined when the Belgians arrived. By assigning ID cards the two groups were now easier to tell apart with out studying physical features; the Tutsi had longer noses and were taller and thinner than the Hutu.