Vietnam And The Vietnam War

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During World War II, Japan invaded Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh formed the Viet Minh from the idea of the Soviet Union and Chinese communism. The Viet Minh, or the League for the Independence of Vietnam, was created to go against the French colonial administration and Japan. In 1945, Japan withdrew from this fight, which left behind the Emperor Bao Dai who was in control of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh’s forces rose to power and declared a Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In order to regain control of Vietnam, France backed Bao Dai and created South Vietnam in 1949, making Saigon the capital. In May 1954, the French were defeated by the Viet Minh forces. There was treaty negotiations placed at Geneva. Vietnam would now be split on the 17th parallel. Eventually the United States became a part of this ordeal. During the Cold War, the United States was completely against communism. Therefore, President Eisenhower was on South Vietnam and Diem’s side. American troops went over to South Vietnam to train the Vietnamese forces. Diem’s forces found the Viet Cong in the south and arrested about 100,000 who were later tortured and killed off. In 1961, John F. Kennedy sent troops out to South Vietnam with extra military forces, and economic and technical aid to help them confront the Viet Cong. Kennedy increased the United States aid to get through the “domino theory” which was if Southeast Asia fell into communism, then many small regions would follow into communism with it. By 1968, the United States had half a million troops in Vietnam. These troops would bomb highways, bridges, and railroads in North Vietnam. In order to stop this communist aggression, the United States believed they had more firepower and weapons which they used as an advantage... ... middle of paper ... forces. Underneath these places there would be secret tunnels where the Viet Cong were able to seek medical aid and bring in more supplies. The tunnels were usually undetected by the U.S. military. All in all the Vietnam was a bloody horrifying war, taking nearly 2 million people’s lives and wounding around 3 million. Children that survived this war were usually left as orphans. The North and South Vietnam took 8 million bombs from the U.S. air force, making it into a terrible mess. This war, lasting 20 years, was brutal and terrifying. The outcome of the war was petrifying. 700.000 Vietnam veterans suffered from mental illnesses and psychological after-effects. This war changed Americans, making them more aware of how bad war can get. This war prepared the Americans for any other trouble. The United States was scarred after the Vietnam War.

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