Of course, that thought wouldn’t come easy to all, and a fight starts to break. With the U.S. nervous about the possible spread of communism to other countries surrounding and eventually making way to the Americas, the United States were soon involved in the Vietnam war that ended up lasting 16 years long. First, the French were ruling Indochina, what is now called Vietnam. Many Vietnamese wanted to part ways from the French’s ruling and to become a free country. Ho Chi Minh was a communist, Vietnamese leader who was ready to lead Johnson 2 Vietnam against Japan, French and Americans.
They drafted the Geneva Accords, which were a set of agreements that the Vietnamese and French would adhere to. The Accords stated that the country would be temporarily split at the 17th Parallel with Ho Chi Minh ruling the north and the Emperor Bao Dai decreeing the south until elections could be held in July 1956 to decide on the government for the re-united Vietnam. However the peace brought about by this Accord was short-lived as the agreements was broken by Diem and South Vietnam who refused to call for elections. Consequently, war was declared between the north and south of Vietnam and the Second Indochina War took place. One of the most important feature when describing the Vietnam War was why the United States became involved in the war, and their reasons for conflict amongst the Vietnamese in the North of the 17th Parallel.
The Vietnam War began as a skirmish between North Vietnam—supported by China and the Soviet Union—and South Vietnam—supported by the United States. North Vietnam was brutally suppressing South Vietnam, trying to impose Communism upon unwilling citizens. The United States—who after World War II made it their duty to protect free peoples against dictatorships—made it a priority to protect South Vietnam from invasion, and supplied them with food and weapons. President Eisenhower hypothesized the Domino Theory, declaring that one Communist state would begin attacking adjacent countries and continue in a domino effect until world domination. Used as justification, the Domino Theory was irrational, because North Vietnam only intended to reunite the country under Communism.
It was British and American oil companies that created the oil industry in Iraq, and their facilities were illegally taken away from them decades ago. A war for oil is no less justifiable than any other conflict to take back what is rightfully ours. Yet it still does not seem right, because thousands of people are going to be dying for oil. If the United States were to inte... ... middle of paper ... ...in 1979. I am sure as soon as this new leader does something wrong to the Untied States he will get taken out of office and a new president of our choice will be put into office.
President H.W. Bush sent in troops and supplies to calm this unexpected invasion, but it soon became an all-out war. Saddam Hussein ruled over Iraq during this time, and he sent his military to invade Kuwait. The causes of the war are often not thought of, but the effects of the war are widely known. These effects are devastating for every country that was involved in this conflict.
In Vietnam the United States became involved because they felt the need to stop the spread of communism throughout the rest of Asia and attempt to prevent the "domino effect." The belief is that if Vietnam fell, so then would Cambodia, Laos, etc. Vietnam was the longest U.S. war with its never ending deaths, escalating destruction of Vietnam and Cambodia, and growing danger of splitting the American people (Carter 28). In Vietnam the Americans were told that U.S. was there because the South Vietnamese asked us to save them from the communist threat. But what the soldiers experienced did not add up to what the American people were being told (Thura 9).
The Vietnam War events from 1964 to 1975 created tensions in politics, economics, and social aspects of American life. President Johnson believed in containment and the domino theory. Containment was to stop the spread of communism. Domino Theory was that if one country falls then more and more will start to fall as well, they were most worried about Southeast Asia. To stop the spread of communism President Johnson told Congress that North Vietnam attacked one of the American ships first.
But as the death toll of American soldiers turned the US against the war, they pulled out. As South Vietnam's army was left without support, the Communist North Vietnam entered Saigon, taking control of the whole country on April 30, 1975. 3. Birth of the R... ... middle of paper ... ...g was discovered off the northeast coast in 2004. As well as its oil deposits, Vietnam has large natural gas sources.
The US prevented the elections that were promised under the Geneva conference because it knew that the Communists would win. Vietnamese Buddhist monks protested against American involvement by suicide, mainly by burning themselves.Operation Phoenix was organised by the CIA. This led to the arrest and murder of thousands of Communists in the south. First the US sent in military advisers, and then President Johnson sent in troops in huge numbers. This shows that America had one main reason for getting involved in Vietnam; to stop the spread of communism.
France refused the declaration and returned to Vietnam, driving Ho’s forces into North Vietnam. In 1954 a cease fire was declared and Vietnam was officially divided in two, with the North ruled by Ho and communist forces, and the South under a French backed Emperor. The dividing line was the Seventeenth Parallel. Because of the domino theory, the theory that if Vietnam fell to communism it would spread to the rest of Southeast Asia, the USA began to support the anti-communist politician, Ngo Dinh Diem. With assistance from the USA, Diem took control of the South Vietnamese Government in 1955 and declared the republic of Vietnam.