Victims of Trafficking Protection Act

1710 Words7 Pages
A significant feature to the VTVPA is that the United States will penalize countries if they do not comply with the VTVPA (Holman, 2009). This is an imperative feature and I think that it should be implemented throughout every single piece of legislation that deals with trafficking. Countries should be held accountable if they do not comply. The only way that sex trafficking can be officially over is if every single country complies with all the legislation. The United States looks at six different factors when deciding if they have met the criteria for eliminating trafficking. The United States looks at whether the country has investigated and prosecuted severe forms of trafficking, if they protected the victims, educated the public, extradite people who have been accused, and investigate and prosecute public officials (Holman, 2009). Holman (2009) talks about how the United States also created a Tier system. This tier system has three different sections based on what countries are complying with the VTVPA or not. Tier 1 holds the list of countries that are fully complying with the VTVPA. Tier 2 are countries that have not fully complied with the VTVPA however, they are making efforts to reach Tier 1. Lastly, Tier 3 countries do not comply with the VTVPA and are not making any significant efforts in doing so. These countries are at risk for losing funds from the United States. Another critical part to this law is that victims are allowed a T-Visa. The T-Visa allows for the victims to stay in the United States and assist the government with the prosecution. The T-Visa is used to give the victims a place to feel safe also. (Lagon, 2008-2009) According to Fraley (2005), 1 million children are forced each year into prostitution. Sin... ... middle of paper ... .... P. (2008-2009). Trafficking and Human Dignity. Policy Review , 51-61. Lindo, R. V. (2006). The Trafficking of Persons into the European Union for Sexual Exploitation: Why it Persists and Suggestions to Compel Implementation and Enforcement of Legal Remedies in Non-Complying Member States. Boston College International & Comparative Law Review . Smith, H. M. (2011). Sex Trafficking: Trends, Challenges, and the Limitations of International Law. Human Rights Review , 271-286. Weitzer, R. (2012). Sex Trafficking and the Sex Industry: The Need for Evidence-Based Theory and Legislation. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology , 101 (4), 1337-1369. Yen, I. (2008). Of Vice and Men: A New Approach to Eradicating Sex Trafficking by Reducing Male Demand Through Educational Programs and Abolitionist Legisation. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology , 98 (2), 653-686.
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