Being traumatize means being deeply distressed or remembering a really bad disturbing experience. Children have the capability in remembering their traumatic experience through certain sounds or images, because it recalls them to remember their situation. Trauma can also make them feel hostage; instead of the freedom of being and behaving like children. It impacts children to use certain objects to imitate their disturbing situations with their peers and/or objects. Although children’s brain can use trauma as a sign to be more aware, children with traumatizing involvement will affect their behavior. Traumatized children can remember their disturbing experience because they are more vulnerable to trauma than adults. A child's brain is
Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) was a proposed by Van der Kolk and D’Andrea (2010). The premise of DTD is based on research data of individuals involved in several research studies. According to Van der Kolk and D’Andrea (2010), DTD is the result of living in a fear-based environment which includes, poor treatment by primary caregivers, instability, and neglect. This type of inadequate treatment is often hidden, meaning it is may not be visible on the surface. Neglectful caregiver-infant relationships perpetuate DTD. These interactions relay the message to the infant or child that the world is not safe, is threatening, and is unreliable. This lack of emotional safety is often as damaging as lack of physical safety (Van der Kolk & d’Andrea,
"We knew [abuse of] black kids was reported about twice as often as it was for white kids, and we were concerned that that might be due to racism. We also knew black kids, in terms of economics, were facing a lot of problems that most white kids were not facing," said Washington University social work professor Brett Drake. Rates of reported child abuse are disproportionately high for black children. Many researchers believe that poverty is the main reason black children are twice as likely as white children to suffer abuse (Gray 1). In 2012, over 1,600 children died from abuse. Child abuse is a major problem faced in the United States today, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services over 3.3 million reports of child abuse are made in the United States every year. These reports add up to nearly six million children involved in child abuse every year. Of the 702,000 cases of substantiated child abuse in 2009, 44 percent involved white children and 22.3 percent involved black children. Blacks make up 12.4 percent of the country's population; whites, 74.8 percent (Gray). Being that child abuse is against the law it is concerning that child abuse accounts for five deaths per day. It is also the leading killer of children under the age of four. These children have suffered the loss of innocence and have had their child hood stripped away from them. Therapy has a positive effect on African American children who have endured abuse because it allows them to heal through creative therapies, gives the child a safe place to express their feelings, and helps them regain confidence.
Trauma is a very dangerous state of mind. It can cause you to do very irrational things, it changes your whole way of thinking. Trauma makes you blame something or someone just to find closure and hopefully heal. Trauma can destroy families because they are unable to play their role correctly as the trauma itches at their mind.
With my past social work experience I understand that trauma can affect many people in different ways. Traumatic life experiences can vary with everyone and their way of coping and reacting. I worked a children services for about two years. I have been able to witness the effects of trauma on a lot of the children I worked with. For example, I had to remove 5 children from their mother. Their mother was using meth at the time leaving the oldest child, who was thirteen years old, taking care of the youngest. The mother was in an abusive relationship with their father. The father was very emotionally abusing by threatening the kids and mother. Removing the children from their mother was a traumatic life experience.
Childhood Trauma is defined as “The experience of an event by a child that is emotionally painful or distressful, which often results in lasting mental and physical effects.” (The National Institute of Mental Health). Childhood trauma is an epidemic that seems to be running its way throughout the world. Childhood trauma is a worldwide problem that can affect anyone and everyone. People tend to just try and help the problems that occur due to the childhood trauma, but not the problem itself. Many of these issues will also follow the child into their adult years and will cause negative effects. This paper will discuss the negative outcomes for a child who suffers from childhood trauma, and the negative outcomes that can follow them into adulthood.
When a child is under undue stress and crisis, memory systems, encoding of experiences and storage of memories are not the neural priority (Porges 2007). While implicit contextual, sensory and emotional information is available, neural networks do not offer priority to retrieval of the memory. Therefore, triggers to the event tend to be sensory or emotional and often difficult to understand. Neurobiologically, it appears that these memories are not stored by the hippocampus initially in short term memory, possibly due to the heightened state of arousal which affects memory storage ( Badenoch, 2015). While memory is often irretrievable during the trauma, the individual will often be able to recall events and acknowledge details once distanced from the traumatic relationship (Bernstein & Freyd, 2014). Bernstein and Freyd (2014) discussed that in betrayal trauma, information is often omitted, and incidents selectively processed to achieve the maintenance of the bond the maltreating
Children experience decreased development in the left brain when traumatic events occur (Network, n.d.). Imagine being a child and growing up with these types of events occurring. A traumatic event in a child’s life can cause a child to experience a long lasting negative effect. Life events are happening everywhere and more often in the lives of children (Understanding Child Traumatic Stress, n.d.). Trauma can cause them to do three things. First, they try to see what the danger is and how serious it is. Secondly there are strong emotional and physical reactions. Thirdly they attempt to come up with what to do that can help them with the danger. Traumatic events can cause a child to develop differently, which effects the young child stage,
Trauma, according to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, is defined as a disordered psychic or behavioral state resulting from severe mental or emotional stress or physical injury. Childhood trauma that often has lasting effects on the brain occurs during the ages of 0-3 (very early childhood), 4-11 (early childhood), and early adolescents. This type of trauma affects children behaviorally, emotionally, and cognitively.
Children's brains are still developing and therefore, trauma has a much more extensive influence on their self, the world and their ability to regulate. The results of a traumatic event Children suffering from symptoms of trauma have difficulty coping and therefore, cannot regulate their behaviors and emotions. They may be clingy and fearful of new situations, easily frightened, difficult to console, and/or aggressive and impulsive. They may also have difficulties with sleeping, acquired developmental skills, and functioning and behavior (NCTSN, 2014). Children who have problematic results from trauma such as child abuse, neglect, death of loved ones or other traumatic experiences may receive a variety of diagnoses (APA, 2000).
Van der Kolk, B. (2005). Developmental trauma disorder: towards a rational diagnosis for chronically traumatized children. Psychiatric Annals, 35, (5), 401-408.
Trauma is an incident that leads to a great suffering of body or mind. It is a severe torture to the body and breaks the body’s natural equilibrium. It is defined as an emotional wound causing a psychological injury. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks and strained relationships There are many types of trauma that can affect an adolescent and without the proper treatment of the traumatic event the adolescent can have difficulty adapting and developing into adulthood. Susan Hanock defines trauma as the “inextricable link between a person’s ‘biology, conceptions of the world, and personalities’ and their inability to come to terms with traumatic experiences
Trauma, this is a word with many connotations. Typically, the word trauma is associated with appalling abuse or a terrible car accident, however the word trauma is beginning to take on a new meaning, in terms of its impact on school children. Trauma in this context can be loosely defined as any negative experience that causes a child psychological or emotional stress or damage. Trauma can come in many forms, including parent arguments, divorce, death of a family member, abuse, neglect, among many other adverse experiences that numerous children face daily.
There has been evidence to show that under certain circumstances, younger children are not as susceptible to false memories as other children or adults; this concept is known as developmental reversals. When someone is introduced to a stressful or traumatic event it can create a range of emotions starting from happy to fear to mad. Due to the severity of the event, it may create false memories because an individual does not want to remember what has happened whether or themselves or just by witnessing what someone else has gone through. The more severe the traumatic event, the more likely it is for a person to experience a false memory; the studies have proven