(Moore) Comment: “I feel like Washington was right in his views of how blacks should act after being freed from slavery. In reality we are all still living in slavery and are living in the way that he described in his speech rather we realize it or not.” (Cunningham) My Response: The NAACP used peaceful protest methods such as marches, public speeches, and boycotts to achieve aspirations. This was also done by Martin Luther k... ... middle of paper ... ...ich was more realistic then a university school. Booker T. felt African American could benifit from learning and mastering a trade that would help in real life not just having book smarts and I agree. Of course times have changed and we still have vocational schools and university school.
While Booker T. Washington believed in industrial and agricultural labor, W.E.B. Du Bois proposed a strategy of pursuit through higher education in order to gain first-class citizenship for the African American race. Born the son of a slave, Booker Taliaferro Washington was considered during his time to be the spokesman of the African American race. Washington believed that if African Americans focused their attention on striving economically, they would eventually be given the rights they were owed. With this in mind, he encouraged blacks to attend trade schools where they could learn to work either industrially or agriculturally.
Washington proposed a novel solution to the black community by integrating education and industrial labor into the Tuskegee Institute. By successfully transforming the racial inequality between whites and blacks, Washington was able to help assimilate African Americans into the southern society and economy. By reading this book, my respect for Washington and appreciation for what he done for the African American community has not only grown, but my perception and understanding of how difficult it is to transform a slave into a functioning person of society is now transparent. Washington has changed my way of thinking because he showed that education and manual labor are the essential ingredients for anyone trying to enter the workforce and make a substantial living. Though many influential people criticize Washington, his ideology and determination set the precedent for education and industrious labor that enable our society to succeed
To blacks living within post- Reconstruction South, Washington offered industrial education as the means of escape from sharecropping and allowed blacks to become self-employed, while owning their own land, or small business. Booker over came the obstacles of the free black man by educating himself and other blacks to become “equal” to whites. Until the start of World War I African Americans had a difficult time. His speaking tours and private persuasion tried to equalize public educational opportunities and to reduce racial violence. There were many gains earned after the Civil War seemed lost by the time of World War I because racial violence and lynching reached an all time high.
Du Bois way of helping African Americans, but Booker T. Washington’s way was the Tuskegee Institute. The Tuskegee helped to educate the black people with skills so that in the future the whites would accept them seeing that they work hard. Although many may think this was a great way to get civil rights, Du Bois did not. Du Bois founded the NAACP and used it for the power to have a say. “Through the publication Du Bois reached an increasingly large audience- one hundred thousand by 1919- with powerful messages that argued the need for black development and white social enlightenment” (Du Bois 884).
DuBois and Washington on Education Over 100 years ago W.E.B DuBois and Booker T. Washington began a debate over strategies for black social and economic progress, which is still prevalent today. Booker T. Washington believed that the role of education for African Americans should be an industrial one, where as W.E.B DuBois wanted African Americans to become engaged in a Liberal Arts education. Washington's approach to solving the problems African Americans faced was rooted in his belief in an industrial education. Born a slave and educated at Hampton Institute Washington learned from a trade and skill based curriculum. He advocated a philosophy of self-help, accommodation and racial solidarity.
Booker T. Washington's beliefs still echo through our society today. The aforementioned Hampton Institute provided Washington with a sturdy foundation for his later achievements. Although the curriculum was centered on industrial arts and moral cultivation rather than intellectual pursuits, he unearthed the goodness in character formation and modeled his behavior accordingly. In 1881, these principles chiseled the infrastructure of his Normal and Industrial Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Erected from a dilapidated shanty and church, came forth the foremost educational institution for blacks, which simultaneously sponsored and built momentum for the "Tuskegee Movement:" an array of policies, views, and tactics that illuminated Booker T. Washington as "the race leader" in dealing with the "Negro Problem" (as his supporters in both the North and South saw it).
He was one of the first black men to promote education among the African-American population. During the early 1900 's he was a key figure in the early civil rights movement, advocating fellow African-Americans to join the workforce and become educated to have a greater impact on society, and thereby gain equality over time. Throughout his life, he demonstrated an ability to turn adversity into advantage. Choosing to be better - not grievous - he dedicated himself to inspiring young men and women into a living, learning, and leading with character and integrity ( BTW Society.com). Many people today are trying to get an education to prove that anything is possible with the excess knowledge.
Determining which kind of education acts as a cultural figure of African-American corporate status seems to be the core of the present debate, and this design explores this point in more detail. Education is an ideological mechanism African-Americans used to enhance their social standing in the United States soon after liberation. During the period of W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington, the sort of education explored by African- Americans was the focus of intense discussion. Washington was an enthusiastic supporter of industrial/vocational education while DuBois supported both higher and industrial education, but greatly emphasized on the higher education (Ogbu 23).
Washington and Du Bois had similar purpose, but each took a different approach to reach their goal. Washington’s writing shows that he believes an education is important, but emphasizes to have a skilled trade job gives the African American “a chance in the commercial world” (691). His writing is relaxed and tells a story using everyday speech. His ideas for creating equal rights could be metaphorically compared to his writing. Du Bois, who was highly educated, sophisticatedly writes to persuade his audience that, if change is desired for the blinded, hurting African race, they shall implement steps and demand rights, such as voting.