While DuBois respected Booker T. Washington and his accomplishments, he felt that blacks needed political power to protect what they had and what they earned. DuBois called for a new plan of action. He felt that the greatest enemy of blacks was not necessarily whites but it was the ignorance of the whites concerning the capabilities of the black race. DuBois 's answer was to encourage the development of black youth in
By appealing and following through with his beliefs he received beneficial help from whites to support his development of the Tuskegee Institute and recognition that Africans deserved civil rights. Du Bois’ The Crisis, “Niagara Movement of Declaration of Principles,” and The Souls of Black Folk were known by many, but not in the way he hoped. Many turned against his views since they were too radical and demanding resulting in Du Bois’ attacks towards Washington since he lost faith in his own works. For these reasons, Washington’s tactics to obtain civil rights for African Americans was extremely suitable for the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
He seemed to have “supported segregation and the disenfranchisement of Blacks,” despite being “involved in politics” while speaking on the “prevention of disenfranchisement” (Seaton 55). Washington did what he believed was best for the helpless Americans, but in doing so, the perception he gave to them and DuBois was that “the white stereotype holds over Blacks and how they are positioned to be aware of it” (Seaton 55). In “The Souls of Black Folk,” DuBois even states about the “distinct status of civil inferiority for the Negro” under Washington’s policy (DuBois 1331). In Washington’s Atlanta speech, his motive was “to show whites that Blacks were making incremental progress and to ease the tension that was building all throughout the country” (Seaton 55). It can be said that Washington was publicly working under the ideology of white-supremacists, compensating them instead of the Black community.
After graduating Harvard with a doctorate he became a cofounder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People or NAACP in 1909. After experiencing racism he argued that the black community could become equal to the white community by educating themselves to the point they were acknowledged. Booker T. Washington on the other hand had other ideas for blacks. Both were great segregation leaders that brought great change to the country. Booker T. Washington wanted opportunities for the blacks, but he did not want equality.
Washington preferred a gradual, submissive, and economically based plan. On the other hand, Du Bois relied upon a more agitating and politically aggressive plan. They worked for the advancement of African-Americans in American society, but their methods of achieving this goal and their leadership style differed greatly from one another. It is hard to fathom that two men, who helped to strive for the great goal of racial fairness, could have been such opposites, but it is true. Booker T. Washington, a former slave and the founder of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, believed that African Americans needed to accept segregation and discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity.
“The Basics of Black Power”, an article that opposes the SNCC, states “ Black people cannot relate to SNCC because of its unrealistic, nonracial atmosphere; denying their experience of America as a racist society.” (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 2) This is what lead to the black power movement, people felt like the only way to fight racism is with violence. Human rights activist, Malcolm X was a huge supporter of the black power movement. He explains his support in a speech known as “Message to the Grass
DuBois criticized the, “here and now” approach, because his concern was with the future of the black and white world in which they lived. In Souls of Black Folk, DuBois mentions a veil that needs to be uncovered for blacks and whites to “come tenderly and cheerily into those sad little lives and brush the brooding hate away” (The Souls of Black Folks, 91). Removing such a veil would difficult, but with a proper education, DuBois believed one day someone would lift the it. What was a proper education? DuBois, unlike Washington, believed that proper education was with a higher education, and not an industrial one.
The leaders of NAACP often criticized Washington. WEB Dubois opposed Washington’s methods regarding black discrimination. Washington believed the only way to end racial segregation against blacks in the long run was to gain support and cooperation with Whites. Dubois wanted full equality
The scholar and leader for the black community wrote a discussion in 1903 with the title of, “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others.” Both Washington and Du Bois were leaders of the black community in the 19th and 20th century, even though they both wanted to see the same outcome for black Americans. They both ultimately had opposing thoughts on how to achieve social and economic advancement for the black community. Looking back on history, W.E.B Du Bois was correct in racial equality would only be achieved through politics and higher education of the African American youth. Throughout his essay, Du Bois challenged the policies written by Mr. Washington for the progression and adaptation to advance racial equality. In this article Du Bois discusses many issues he believes he sees in Booker T. Washington 's theories.
wo great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and 20th century were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress. Their opposing philosophies can be found in much of today 's discussions over how to end class and racial injustice, what is the role of black leadership, and what do the 'haves ' owe the 'have-nots ' in the black community. Booker T. Washington, educator, reformer and the most influentional black leader of his time (1856-1915) preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accomodation.