Relationships in a World without God In a world in which lives are shaped by irreversible choices and by random events, a world in which everything occurs but once, existence seems to lose its substance. Life in this designless universe raises questions of identity and can cause turmoil between the relationships of the self to others, the self to history, and the self to God. Through the words of existentialist novelists and philosophers Milan Kundera and Jean-Paul Sartre, we witness the philosophical and psychological struggles for identity, existence, and ‘being’ of the characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being, and Nausea. In connection with other philosophic writings of Heidegger, Kierkegaard, Tillich and Sartre the ideas of existentialism expressed in these two novels become more apparent, and the relationships of the characters in this world-without-God can be explored. Our principle readings rested in the argument of man’s existence and being.
To the Romantics, the imagination was important. It was the core and foundation of everything they thought about, believed in, and even they way they perceived God itself. The leaders of the Romantic Movement were undoubtedly Samuel Taylor Coleridge and his close friend, William Wordsworth. Both were poets, and both wrote about the imagination. Wordsworth usually wrote about those close to nature, and therefore, in the minds of the Romantics, deeper into the imagination than the ordinary man.
Eliot’s support of metaphysical poets, he pointed out that, “Our civilization comprehends great variety and comple... ... middle of paper ... ...ecurrent and startling as those of phrasing. Donne experiments with rhythmical effect a he does with conceits and words. The thought in his poetry is not the primary concern but the feeling. It is this very feeling , a delight in his conceits, and a new understanding of what the conceit is expressing and teaching, that he successfully imparts in his readers. The central theme of his poetry is his own intense personal dispositions, as a lover, a friend, a psychoanalyst of his own experiences, worldly and religious.
Both stories illustrate the lives of two different scenarios involving lost love, but with similar endings. As human beings, there is always a capacity that a person can withstand, furthermore, when that capacity is met, life becomes disoriented and meaningless, which leads to unprecedented events, such as the homicidal actions, in which Emily took part in, or Ed who could be regarded as sadistic, dangerous, and pathological. These short tales challenge its audience to embrace the possibility of these events transpiring, while at the same time delivering a powerful message behind unstable emotions that follow a lost love and further bring light to the question, is love truly a disease in itself? The evidence, however, that Emily was significantly distraught and traumatized by the loss of a loved one –her father was clear. Hiding away in her home, while allowing much time to pass as she separated herself from society allowed the development of unstable emotions to transform into something uncontrollable.
In The Confessions, Augustine argues that the desire for more than is needed is a natural human condition, thus, humans are condemned to be restless. Throughout the novel he explores what he argues are the actions which can result in a feeling of fulfillment: love and pilgrimage. In his lecture on The Confessions, Neil Robertson made the argument that in the book, love is the problem and the solution. I will argue that love is the problem because it causes a constant lack of satisfaction while simultaneously it is the solution because it is the cause of restlessness, and therefore the purpose of our search for fulfillment. In this paper I will explore this through Augustine’s desires and pilgrimage.
By reading books of this genre, many different perspectives of human nature are exposed to me, and I am left to analyze them as I wish, taking in meaning about the reality that I exist in. Though Saramago is as devoted to his belief as society is to their fabricated reality, his “myopia has nevertheless helped others to see more clearly” (Langer). A text’s ability to convey insightful messages and allow the reader to determine their own understanding of it, though not forcing these messages upon the reader, is something I find to be highly appealing. Having profound answers to my existing wonderings of the reasoning behind human behaviour, and having new questions created, I enthusiastically digest literature of this style, wanting to be able to see more clearly as well.
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau are responsible for the fixation of nature in literature, and Christopher McCandless plus Cheryl Strayed are answerable for bringing that fixation into a more recent time period. Nature was and is a prevalent theme in literature and society; however, every individual views it differently. While Emerson, Thoreau, McCandless, and Strayed all took similar approaches in interacting with nature, they differ in their belief of what nature offers individuals. Emerson and Thoreau are easier to compare than contrast. Both are distinct proponents of the transcendentalist period.
The Lonely Quest in "Araby" Universality of experience makes James Joyce's "Araby" interesting, readers respond instinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is part of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is the lost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it is possible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, will return this lost spirituality. The development of theme in "Araby" resembles the myth of the quest for a holy talisman. In "Araby," Joyce works from a "visionary mode of artistic creation"-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to describe the, “visionary" kind of literary creation that derives its material from “the hinterland of man's mind-that suggests the abyss of time sepa-rating us from prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of con-trasting light and darkness.
The text becomes a landscape and the images become objects, appealing to our pathos, or emotions, our ethos, or character, and our logos, or logical reasoning, because we experience his awakening. Thoreau grounds his spirituality in the physical realities of nature, and allows us to experience our own awakening through his metaphorical interpretations. As we observe Thoreau¹s awakening, he covertly leads us to our own enlightenment. Thoreau submerges us into the text through his language, thereby allowing us to come as close to his experience of solitude in nature as he allows. Author Lawrence Buell explains that, as "Walden unfolds the mock serious discourse of enterprise, which implicitly casts the speaker as self-creator of his environment, begins to give way to a more ruminative prose in which the speaker appears to be finding himself within his environment" (122).
In the... ... middle of paper ... ... be ignorant to what is going on around him. In contrast, I feel that Wordsworth grew and matured and was able to change his way of thinking about the world around him. I feel that he places emphasis on nature, and what goes on in the world around you, creates who you are. I also feel they both use events in the world and in nature to symbolize things that happen in everyday life. In conclusion, the Romantic Period was a time of great opportunity for writers such as Blake and Wordsworth to reach into their mind, heart and soul, and share with the world their experiences of love, loss, and learning.