Social class should not be used to define a person. Every person has the ability to overcome the roadblocks that society has placed in their path, so long as they have the determination and motivation. In Gerald Graff’s article, “Hidden Intellectualism” , he explains how social class is irrelevant when it comes to education, despite what society will lead you to believe. He displays how everyone is intelligent in his or her own way.Lynda Barry during her article, “ The Sanctuary of School” spoke about the importance of education to her and many other students like her.Another writer, Mike Rose shows how despite the thoughts that society puts in our heads we can still be successful in his article “Blue Collar Brilliance”.Regardless of social
In modern society these 3 traditional social classifications, working, middle and upper class are outdated, fitting less than 40 percent of the United Kingdom's population. In April 2013 the British Broadcast Corporation introduced a new model for social classification, within the United Kingdom. Social class and socioeconomic groups traditionally have been defined by income, occupation and ed...
Jean Anyon’s “Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work” claims that students from different social classes are treated differently in schools. Anyon’s article is about a study she conducted to show how fifth graders from the working, middle, and upper class are taught differently. In Anyon’s article, she provides information to support the claim that children from different social classes are not given the same opportunities in education. It is clear that students with different socio-economic statuses are treated differently in academic settings. The curriculum in most schools is based on the social class that the students belong to. The work is laid out based on academic professionals’ assumptions of students’ knowledge. Teachers and educational professionals assume a student’s knowledge based on their socio-economic status.
The Quality of a child’s education often either limits or opens up a world of opportunities. Those who study the purpose of public education and the way it is distributed throughout society can often identify clear correlations between social class and the type of education a student receives. It is generally known by society that wealthy families obtain the best opportunities money can buy. Education is a tool of intellectual and economical empowerment and since the quality of education is strongly influenced by social class, a smaller portion of the American population obtains the opportunities acquired from a top notch education. Many people believe that educational inequalities are perpetuated from the interests of specific classes, but some researchers like John Gatto believe that there are even stronger social forces in play. In the essay “Against Schools” the author John Gatto presents three arguments: (1) that are educational system is flawed, (2) that the American educational system is purposely designed to create a massive working class that is easy to manipulate, and (3) alternative teaching methods should be applied to teach children to think for themselves. In this essay I will be summarizing and relating each of these arguments to other educational essays. Also, I will be discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the author’s argument.
The school system is part of the stratification system of America thus it is a piece of social machinery which tests the abilities of the individuals, wish sifts them, selects, them, and decides their prospective social positions. This structure (educational system) is disposed to the reproduction of the structure of power relationships and symbolic relationships between classes, by contributing to the reproduction of the structure of distribution of cultural capital among these classes. Schools are not socially neutral institutions but reflect the experiences of the “dominant class”, for example children from this class enter school with key social and cultural cues, while working class and lower class students must acquire the knowledge and skills to negotiate their educational experience after they enter school. These students from the lower middle class can never achieve the natural familiarity of those born to these classes and are academically penalized on this basis. Social transmission of privilege is itself legitimized because differences in academic achievement are normally explained by differences in ability rather than by cultural resources transmitted by the family thus academic standards are not seen as handicapping lower class...
As stated on the Encyclopedia of Informal Education, “Education is the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.” (Smith, 2015) This means that education is a much broader term than what we normally come to think. Although school is where most people go to receive their education, it is not the sole place of learning. As the famous African proverb says, “it takes a village to raise a child”. Therefore, when looking into the education of a child, it is vital to look into what the child’s life is like outside of school. “…when of school-age, children only spend about 30 of their waking hours a week in our schools, and then only for about 2/3rds of the weeks in a year… In the course of a full year students might spend just over 1000 hours in school, and almost 5 times that amount of time in their neighborhood and with their families.” (Berliner, 2006) The life of a student outside of school plays a pivotal role on their academic success. Socioeconomic status is often attributed and measured by income, education, and occupation. Brookes-Gunn, Duncan, and Maritato state that children of higher-income families are likelier to succeed while children of lower-income families have not only had worse educational outcomes, but also health related ones. They include that children from low-income families are also more
Social class is a determinant used to define where a family stands in terms of salary and socioeconomic status. However, it is used to determine what will be offered to the family, for example, the type of school that each child will attend. But what it does not determine is the success of that student’s education attainment. Money can buy a college education yet, it will not buy literacy.
Daniel Rossides asserts that a child 's class origin is strongly and directly related to all forms of academic achievement. He continues to say that one 's social class affects all aspects of education, such as regularity of attendance, regular promotion in grade, participation in clubs etc. Lower-class children are more likely to miss school often and fail classes because of illness, lack of financial resources and motivation from absent full-time working parents. Overall, one 's social background plays a large role in one 's life opportunities and successes, and the United States will never be a pure meritocracy until social backgrounds no longer advantage some and disadvantage others.
Schools from lower social class backgrounds tend to stress more on expected beneficial outcomes of higher education than the students from higher social classes. Students from lower social class backgrounds tend to take their studies and schooling more seriously since they believe that doing so will bring improved jobs and career opportunities. They also believe that improved earnings and job security come along with that. Although some students, who come from the lower class, tend to focus more on school, this can easily be argued. Social class is a major determining factor of people’s life possibilities. Research shows that parent in the upper class participate more in a student’s educational career. Students with involved parents tend to earn higher grades and test scores, attend school regularly, enroll in high-level programs, graduate and go on to a post-secondary education.
Furthermore, Chapter 15 begins to explain educational inequality. In the United States, education is available but not to every child in the same way. Different social-classes means different schools, instructions, criteria, rates, and times. In addition to class differences, races and ethnics unfortunately play a role in educational achievement. For example, in general, African Americans, Latino/a’s, and Native Americans usually do worse in school than white or Asian American students
The ties between social class and education are undoubtedly apparent and can be seen in the everyday lives of Americans. Despite the many cries for change and equality in schools, the division of classes maintains the economic infrastructure of our nation. Kozol, Anyon and Mantsios each focus on separate aspects of social class and education, but manage to tie in the same overall concept of equality being desirable yet not always attainable. The three authors do an excellent job of not only recognizing this relationship, but also portraying the evidence through statistics and first hand knowledge from the students themselves.
Our education system allegedly provides an equal opportunity to all members of society to reach their potential. The research by Richer, particularly in elementary school, leads us to believe that this is not essentially the case. Our school system has a “hidden curriculum” that produces an inequality between the middle and lower class as well as men and woman. When a child enters a school environment they are required to adhere to a set of values proposed by the teacher and classroom environment. This school environment is competitive, teachers r...
Many modern day scholars and thinkers have developed their interpretations of class from the concepts given by Karl Marx, using his ideas as a guide to present their beliefs. Marx’s concept of class-consciousness, for instance, states that individuals are classified according to their means of production, and that he or she later develops their understanding of position or a level of class-consciousness (Clark, 1994). In examining its relevance to Britain at present, Cannadine (2000) argues that Marx has misinterpreted the idea of class-consciousness (implying conflict) because there was little convincing evidence of that in the past, and asserted that there has actually been more of a “consciousness of class” where class means social identity. This seems a reasonable assertion. It is apparent that British societ...
Low socio economic status along with isolation and limited resources are matters that need immediate attention as Mr. Murdoch touches on (2008). The Mitchell Institute have done a comprehensive study on these related issues it was discovered that “At all stages of learning and development, there remains a strong and persistent link between a young person’s socio economic status and educational outcomes”, Mitchell institute fact sheet
This paper explores the way social inequality affects schooling. In a classroom setting, one student can be treated unequally just because of their race, ethnic background or religion. Taking notes from Purcell- Gates and Boykin, A.W. & Noguera, P., the topics of ethnicity and the achievement gap will be discussed in the event that all students should be treated equal. Also bringing in the topic of the “No Child Left Behind Act” introduced by former president George W. Bush in 2001 and was signed into law in 2002. For a long time, social inequality places a negative effect on schools around the country. The common urban verse suburban educational battle has been going on for way to long and there is a fix that needs to be made.