With opposing views of the constitution from Thomas Jefferson and the Jeffersonians and Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists, the shape of the United States would change because of their views. The phrase “We the People" has been understood by many to mean the "citizens." With this view, if "We the People” only includes citizens, it excludes non-citizens from recognition. The phrase has been taken as pronouncing that the national government takes its supremacy from the people as well as saying that the government was intended to govern and protect "the people”, instead of governing only the states as political units. The Federalists believed in a country where “he who owned the country should rule it,” while Jeffersonians were opposed to
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton entertained many differing ideas of how the United States (US) should be run, especially in relation of philosophical ideas, domestic policy, and foreign policy. Firstly, looking at the philosophical differences, each man seemed to be consistently on the two opposite side of the other. Thomas Jefferson believed there needed to be maximum public control, and the government needed to be decentralized. Therefore, there needed to be ways for everyone to get an education, so that they could have information and power. Jefferson also wanted to increase the percentage of family farms, and believed that having farms were the way to success. He was for the power of the common people, and abundantly suspicious of the upper class. Alexander Hamilton fancied centralizing the government, and have only few wealthy educated citizens able to lead. Hamilton was suspicious of the common people, and looked at rebellions as back-ups to those ideas. A strong national government was key, he said. To do this, the US needed to have an economy centered on commerce and industry. Secondly, the two had great differing opinions on domestic policy. Thomas Jefferson wanted to pay off all debts as soon as possible, but not assume the state’s debts. Leaving the states the responsibility of eliminating the debt he thought was best. On the issue of the existing revolutionary war bonds, Jefferson believed in paying back the original owners, the people who funded winning the war (mostly the common people). A protective tariff, Jefferson thought, helped the South more than the North, and thought it was not just. The Secretary of the Treasury did not fancy a levy dubbed The Whiskey Tax. This tithe would have greatly affected the...
Thomas Jefferson and Jay Hamilton were both important contributors to the political system of the United States; however, they had differing opinions on what system is best for the nation. Jefferson believed the small republic, such as in towns or small communities, is the safest; in which liberty is protected by allowing every citizen to have the ability to have a direct impact on their government. Hamilton believed small republics are dangerous for free application of liberty, as they open up the opportunity for faction because there are more chances for an oppressive majority to take over the community. Today the smaller sectors of the community have the most powers, but must abide by the rules established by the larger sector, that is the States receive the most power from the Constitution, but they have to abide by federal laws as well as the rules established in the United States Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson was born in 1743 in Virginia (Whitehouse.gov, n.d., para. 2). He came from a rich family, which afforded him to be very well educated. Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence; served as minister of France, governor of Virginia, secretary of state during George Washington’s presidency, and vice-president under John Adams (Thomas Jefferson, n.d., para. 1.) He was also the third president of the United States. Jefferson was an avid opponent of royal ruling and the suppression of individual’s rights, “…I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man” (Whitehouse.gov, n.d., para. 1).
The Founding Fathers intentions for the role of the Federal Government is to protect, preserve and promote the new union of sovereign states. The U.S. Constitution purpose is to form more of a perfect union, protect basic ideals of individual liberty, individual freedom, and any tyranny that may come against us foreign or domestic. The new government was to be based on republicanism, not on a monarchy, while still using functions of a democracy in order to elect the representatives that would serve in the system.
In the United States during the late 18th century, the American Colonies were struggling with their identity. The Revolutionary War had won Americans their collective freedom, but the best way to exercise it was the subject of much debate. One American, Alexander Hamilton, felt a need for a common, strong economic and political base for the states. This ideology stemmed from both his boyhood on the Island of St. Croix, and trying events during the Revolutionary War- influences that would later be instrumental in his publishing of the Federalist Papers.
Jefferson believed that America would only be successful if there was an equilibrium between farmers and planters. In Zinn’s discussion about Jefferson, he stated that Jefferson wanted a healthy society. This healthy society should include rebellion, unlike what Hamilton thought, he would much rather put an end to any form of rebellion that’s why he rounded militia to dissolve the rebellion against individuals who did not want to pay taxes. This supports the notion of the era being exclusive. Both Thomas Jefferson Celebrates the virtue of the Yeoman Farmer, 1782 and Alexandre Hamilton Envisions a Developed American Economy 1791 document supports the divisiveness and exclusion of the time period because the Federalist and Democratic-Republicans had different insight on how the country should be governed. The Republican represented by Jefferson, wanted the people to labor and do crafts goods as well. However, the Federalists represented by Hamilton, wanted to do Machinery, increase employment, he promoted emigration and he also spoke about diversity. Hamilton discussed how the wealth of the country can be gained through manufacturing and the importance of agriculture to the economy. Though these notions from both sides were vital it brought about exclusion of the people and forced them to choose a side basically.
Alexander Hamilton was a strong believer who emphasized a strong central government. He helped achieve ratification for a new constitution by writing 51 of the 85 installments of The Federalist Papers. In Federalist Paper No. 21, Hamilton’s main point was proving the disabilities of the American central government under the Articles of Confederation (The Federalist Papers). Hamilton summarized his objections to the existing central government under several different headings. First, he accentuated that the main defect in the national government was its “total want of a
When Jefferson entered office, his intentions were to move away from the Federalist policies and to put the nation onto the pathway that he thought would be more beneficial. His republican beliefs were illustrated in his letter to Gideon Granger on the 13th of August, 1800 (Document A) were he expressed his wish to minimize the power of the central government by strengthening the state governments. “Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government…” Jefferson envisaged a government with the people’s interest at heart, and in order to do so Jefferson believed that the federal Constitution should have been preserved, and if not, the future for the nation would not have been so great. Jefferson wrote to Granger “it [our country] can never be harmonious and solid while so respec...
Different people have different outlooks on how the nation should be ran and how our economy should produce our money. For instance two great presidents have two different outlooks on how our economy and our politics should work. Thomas Jefferson wanted an economy based on small family owned farms, while Hamilton on the other hand wanted to manufacturer and produce as much as possible in factories. Both of their plans for the economy have many strong points, but they also have some weak points.