In a simplistic sense, the duty of an author is to bring the reader into an unfamiliar world. Though this task may seem easy enough, there are infinite considerations that the writer has to account for to make the environment of the story feel realistic. In his newest collection Fortune Smiles, Adam Johnson expertly allows us into his worlds, often in the most ambitious fashion possible. By choosing particularly emotionally harrowing subject matter, Johnson runs the risk of losing the more empathetic members of his readership. However, in addition to being a beautiful writer, Adam Johnson deftly incorporates humor at the perfect moments to add levity to otherwise terrible situations.
“The Crowning of Arthur.” Literature. Ed. Applebee, Arthur et. al. NY, New York: McDougal Littell, 2006.
It’s not sensitivity that makes him seem so realistic, but a sense on the harsher things on life. He shows strength in being loyal but it shows in such unconventional ways, and smart to hold his tongue yet he lets it run off when able to. However, in his ‘weaknesses’ he swears with a mouth that a grandma would be ashamed to kiss, and faces difficult (but real!) situations that make it so easy to relate to, including him killing Lennie. It’s with these ideas that George is fleshed out from a book to a being with a literal spine to readers, that it draws one to go back and think of what George would do in theoretical times.
His down-to-earth character shows how superficial Daisy and Tom are. They are ruthlessly practical, where as Gatsby is a hopeless dreamer. Nick guides the reader between these two extremes while remaining a detached observer whilst being involved in the action-- “I was within and without, simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life.” Nick’s aim to be truthful and objective makes the reader trust him. When Nick says Gatsby has a “rare smile with a quality of eternal reassurance in it,” the reader knows his riches or parties, but is telling it to the reader straight aren’t charming Nick. His contempt for much of what Gatsby says, but also Nick’s tolerance, is emphasized when Nick doesn’t mock him-- ‘“I lived .
Though he has the ability to read, Hassan does not share his gift, and Hosseini uses this difference between them to show Hassan’s lack of literacy disadvantages him against other people, and Amir’s proud literacy is one of his only strengths. Early in the book, Amir explains Hassans illiteracy in saying “Hassan was drawn to the mystery of words, seduced by a secret world forbidden to him” (Hosseini 28). Hassan longs to be able to read, and Amir is able to feel important because reading makes him feel better than Hassan. Amir has always wanted to have something separate them, something that would make him special, because he has always been jealous that Baba gives both Hassan and Amir the same treatment. His reading finally gives Amir his special gift that he can have, to make him more important than Hassan.
Nick spends a generous amount of time with these people, but is constantly overlooked and it seems that his opinion is considered irrelevant. Despite his subconscious judgments, Nick is given the perfect perspective to write from and provides the reader an opportunity to examine Nick’s metamorphosis as his relationship with Gatsby grows. His preconceptions exist, but are natural and reflective of his apparent audience, making Nick Carraway the worthiest narrator for examining the scandalous lives of West Egg’s elite.
He strives at all times to be objective, his comments are balanced, as he says just in the first page of the book–‘ I’m inclined to reserve all judgements’. His objectivity is reinforced throughout to us by his scorn of Gatsby– he thoroughly disapproves of him– he‘ represented everything for which I have unaffected scorn’. Yet there is something–‘ some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life’,‘ an extraordinary gift for hope’ that is attractive to Nick, and requires him to make several attempts at describing it. He registers contempt for much of what Gatsby stands for– the falseness, the criminality, but still he likes him. His ability to laugh at Gatsby and his false airs‘ What was that?
Huck's increasing maturity is seen in his thoughts and actions as he interacts with feuding neighbors, con men, and the hypocritical emotions of a religious revival and funeral. Mark Twain uses Huckleberry Finn as narrator to provide a practical, naive view of society, which allows satirical comment on the traditions and assumptions of society. Satire is a particularly effective tool as it does not accuse or vilify but merely implies the faults with irony, exaggeration, and sarcasm. As the reader is entertained and laughs at others, the reader also is challenged to think if this laughing is also directed at him. By using an innocent boy, Huck, as the narrator, Twain is able to portray the stupidity and faulty reasoning of society.