A. Introduction The purpose of therapeutic recreation is to enable all individuals to achieve quality of life and optimal health through meaningful experiences in recreation and leisure. In this paper the definition of therapeutic recreation will be discussed as well as what should be included in the definition and what should be rejected. This definition will mainly focus on health and use the Health Promotion Model to further explain my choice to focus on health and well-being. I will also be discussing the importance of inclusion in therapeutic recreation for different learning styles in many environments, and the significance of diversity in the community and what we hope to achieve by being fully inclusive. B. Defining Therapeutic Recreation …show more content…
Health and well-being are consistently brought up on the purposes of therapeutic recreation. Traditionally, health has been defined as the absence of organic and mental disease along with relative freedom from chronic pain and discomfort ( ). More recently, in the practice of therapeutic recreation, definitions on health have emphasized the whole person and state of optimal performance, rather than just the absence of disease and discomfort. There is now a greater recognition of the integrity of the body and mind, the role of the person’s environment in contributing with disease and health, and the importance of promoting healthful living ( ). Health is a determinant of quality of life yet the quality of one’s life, financial resources, access to care, self-enrichment opportunities, and social support, also influences ones …show more content…
Paradigms of Well-being and Models a. The model that I think best coincides with my definition is the Health Protection/ Promotion Model. This model assists people to recover following threats to health, and to achieve the highest level of health possible. Health promotion model believes that leisure, particularly perceived freedom, intrinsic motivation, and self-determination are key factors in health. This model has a humanistic perspective which means that it views people as capable of change and responsible for their health. It emphasizes an individual’s inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity. The health promotion model concentrates on the purposeful nature of therapeutic recreation, perceived control and freedom, and self-determination. It views actualization tendencies as a means to stimulate growth and movement to wellness. Wellness occurs when a person’s physical, psychological, and environmental functioning leads to self-actualization. It believes health is an intricate state in which individuals are coping with change and growing and developing. This model uses perspective activities as well as recreation and leisure to promote and protect the health of others. Perspective refers to a person 's outlook or way of viewing something. When using this technique, they provide them with a simple definition and explanation then further
Mindful Leisure, recommends us to focus our attention in the whole leisure activity to truly relish it and getting maximum benefits. This is an important task, because we must disengage from out daily concerns and responsibilities to savor the intermission. If, we do so, all our attention will be focused in the leisure experience. Again, leisure experiences must be challenging and meaningful to us, otherwise the benefits will be minimal.
My path to becoming a physical therapist starts with a bachelor's degree. This program will cover a lot of science topics, such as anatomy and pharmacology. After I complete a bachelor's degree program, I won't be qualified to work as a physical therapist until I complete the Doctorate degree program. In a Doctorate degree program, I will get to work in clinical situations, participate in internships and gain the necessary skills needed to become a licensed Physical Therapist. Licensing is done through the state that you wish to work in. If I wish to advance my career and go into teaching or research, I will need to complete a doctoral degree program. Regardless of whether I complete a doctoral program, I will be required to take continuing
As a student, it is important to be proactive in finding ways to better ones self mentally, physically and emotionally. The ability to focus while studying, along with stress and time management are key elements to successfully adapting to the lifestyle of a student. Determining factors that will effectively enhance one’s ability to learn and to manage the way stress is relieved will make a positive impact on a student’s performance and their success. Today’s students are commonly faced with factors that limit their potential and have a negative impact on their performance, such as stress. The ideal situation is to discovery activities and techniques that enhance the ability of students and individuals to manage their time
My own personal philosophy of leisure has been shaped by past and present activities I do for leisure and why I do them. To me, leisure is the sense of being free from external stressors that I face in my life such as school or work. The positive outcomes from partaking in leisure are generally overlooked and often underestimated. Leisure affects our emotions, our physical and mental health, and aids in the creation of relationships. In my own personal life, I have done and still participate in leisure as a way to sooth myself or unwind from the stress of school or work. The release of pent up emotions and energy for individuals helps their relationships with others and their overall health as well. When stress is released, an individual is
The dimensions of health make-up and create an image of our overall health. This paper will refer to the dimensions of health in relation to myself, and what health change within one dimension would be beneficial to my health as a whole. Health, as defined by the World Health Organization (2014), is a state of total physical, mental and social well-being, not just when disease, illness or injury are absent (p. 1). My definition of health focuses on feeling well enough to perform everyday tasks and to perform these tasks to the best of my ability.
Health is anything physical, mental, and the social well being in a persons life. “Health is not the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is viewed as a state of dynamic equilibrium among the various subsystems that make up the person and the environment (Erickson, Tomlin, & Swain, 1983/2009, p. 46).”
Health by definition is the complete physical, mental and social well-being (Burch, 2001). In the past health has been defined as the absence of disease. Health promotion enables people the ability and resources to improve and control their overall health. Being able to adjust and adapt to various social and physical environments in day-to-day activities is a trait of a healthy individual. Health promotion is not just the responsibility of those individuals in the health field. An individual?s well-being reflects whether or not that person has a healthy lifestyle. Therefore health promotion becomes an issue for employers, retailers, sports and policy makers among others because issues such as safety and environmental factors will have an influence on the well-being of an individual (Ottawa Charter, 1986). Collaborative and coordinated efforts to provide safer goods and services, and a cleaner, more enjoyable environment should be the goal for all. The goal of all involved should be to provide a healthier environment that will provide a better well-being for the population. Promoting health requires the detection of any barriers that would hinder the health promotion process and removal of them. Promoting health is, also, educating the public to current health issues.
The Department of Health (2004) state in a recent report that Sport and physical activity can help decrease the likelihood of developing diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke and type II diabetes by up to 50%, furthermore the report states that physical activity can reduce the risk of suffering a premature death by approximately 20-30%. These staggering statistics demonstrate the powerful impact physical activity can have in regards to combating health risks in the UK. The benefits to health that derive from adherence in physical activity and sport are overwhelming, however, health is not the only benefit to be obtained from an active society. Sullivan, C. (1998. cited in Collins and Kay, 2003) found that sport can help to encourage the growth of community, family and personal cohesion as well as help reduce intensity of youth delinquency. From the observations made in this paragraph it is feasible to suggest that having an active nation will result in a wide spectrum of benefits.
The health promotion theory, proposed by Nola J Pender, was designed to assist nurses in helping their patients identify health risk factors and beneficial practices that help the patients actively determine which behaviors will result in achieving optimum health. The models “framework serves as a guide for investigating the complex biopsychosocial process that motivate individuals to engage in health behaviors that are directed towards enhancement of health (Eftekhar et al., 2011, p. 142). It defines health as a positive dynamic state rather than simply the absence of disease. The theory is directed at increasing behaviors an individual can perform to bring greater longevity and a high quality of life while enhancing the patient's level of well-being.
WHO, 1986 defines health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Therefore, it is viewed as much a social as a biological issue. "Healthy" is broadly used in the framework of “healthy environments” as to its impact on the benefit of humans.
For individuals with mental or physical disabilities, the overall goal of their therapeutic recreation is often to improve that individual’s health and quality of life. One’s self-esteem plays a key role in their quality of life as self-esteem is a key component of many socioemotional problems such as depression, anxiety and addiction; yet, therapeutic recreation specialists a have noted deficiencies in self-esteem among persons with disabilities (Weiss 21). The causes of this low self-esteem many reside from many different sources thus therapeutic recreation specialists should focus on using techniques and services that not only improve self-esteem but also teach the individual with disabilities how to adjust and cope with difficult circumstances
I thought it was better to define what behavior therapy is, in order to better understand it. Many publications have their own interpretation but the common theme is, behavior therapy is observing a patients behavior from a therapeutic approach. Behavior therapy has a variety of techniques that include reinforces, conditioning techniques, behavioral modification and systematic desensitization. These techniques are used to change the undesirable behavior.
Outdoor recreation is something that everyone needs. Finding that place within yourself that allows you to forget about everything. Whether that be playing with your kids in the nearby park, fishing with your grandfather, hiking with someone or just by yourself you learn something new about yourself. Some people use recreation to forget about something and they use being outside as a calming effect. Williams and Stewart (1998) believe that nature, as a place, creates an emotion bond, has a complex meaning to the person, and that people have this draw back to the place. To get the same feeling that someone would get while doing an activity in nature to simulate Williams and Stewart’s (1998) belief, I recently participated in an
The study of leisure and recreation exist to improve the quality of people’s lives. Leisure is a key part of our lives. When we involve ourselves in leisure activities that satisfies us. We improve in creativity and self-control through these activities. We also get the sense of freedom, achievement and confidence. Leisure gives us the opportunity to enjoy new experiences and develop new skills. In the field of study of leisure and recreation, it focuses on the variety of recreational activities. Those activities that are involved in leisure tend to be rewarding to one’s health and the community. Leisure activities are chosen by every individual, the activities can be done where people feel more comfortable with people you enjoy surrounding