Next, the doctor experimented with smallpox and realized that once the virus is injected the body is immune to the bacteria or virus. The smallpox was the world’s first vaccination. This performance changed the whole platform, now future generations are influenced by medicine. This is why it so important to understand how the eight different thresholds help us achieve the pinpoint of mankind. ( Markel, Stern, 2005).
Vaccines for many dangerous diseases, including ones protecting against pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus were underway into production. ... ... middle of paper ... ...nes.gov, “Herd Immunity”). Herd immunity means everyone must be vaccinated in every community despite beliefs on vaccines for protection against diseases. With a vaccine movement more communities will be vaccinated and increasing the numbers of those vaccinated will only help against deadly outbreaks. With vaccines more abundant we can eradicate harmful disease like HPV, influenza, and Hepatitis.
However, smallpox’s ugly face reared itself just recently with the new threat of bioterrorism. Yet this will most likely not affect our society due to the huge amount of preparatory work that would need to be placed into a new smallpox outbreak. For the past twelve thousand years, Smallpox has obliterated societies with ease. Many civilizations found ways to inoculate their citizens with the least amount of symptoms through processes known as variolation and vaccination. Development of the treatment for smallpox mostly began in the end of the eighteenth century and continued through 1970s, until smallpox was eradicated in 1980.
When getting a shot, a person does not think of what is in it; all they know is that it is supposed to help them. However, studies show that many vaccines contain formaldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, and mercury that can be harmful to the human body. In spite of the toxic ingredients, the government advises everyone to get the flu shot to keep safe, but how safe is it really? Studies have shown that the famous flu vaccines, Fluzone, Flulaval, and Fluvirin contained dangerous amounts of mercury, and the virus that many doctors claim to be “inactivated”. Although many brochures say the virus is dead, the truth is, the virus is actually dormant and can affect many people in different ways.
Vaccines Should Be Required In the late 18th century smallpox became a deadly epidemic, and Dr. Edward Jenner knew something needed to be done. He created the smallpox vaccine which led to vaccines becoming a public health practice. Because of the medical advancements today, vaccines have become a much safer and reliable way to prevent many of the diseases that once killed thousands and parents should be required to vaccinate their children to protect them and children around them unless existing health conditions stand in the way. Vaccines have been protecting people for thousands of years from diseases that, when become an epidemic, killed or crippled thousands. Vaccines were made to act like the immune system, which means that the vaccine contains components of the disease that have been altered to a point where they can’t hurt the child and that then allows the child’s body to create a barrier against the disease to keep them from getting it again and also without the possibly of the deadly consequences that come with getting the disease (“Background Information on How Vaccines Work”).
A vaccine is a manufactured drug, that helps your body fight of certain diseases, a vaccine is usually made by using a weak version of the virus or illness that is taken into the body so that your white blood cells can get trained for when the actual threat comes. The website www.wikipedia.com defines a virus as "A biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins." The first ever vaccine was created at around 1796 by a man named Edward Jenner who created a vaccine for smallpox by using cowpox. He did this by observing that those who have had cowpox couldn’t get smallpox.
Anthrax Vaccine: Safe and Effective, or Not? Intro: The Anthrax vaccine is a mandatory shot for military; while some people are willing to take the shot to save their lives, others believe if they take it, it will ruin theirs. I. The Anthrax Disease A. Anthrax is a bacterial infection caused by Bacillus Anthracis. 1.
Salk’s research led him to create a vaccine different from any other by using 3 different kind of killed polio virus. In an article it says,”Using formaldehyde, Salk killed the poliovirus, but kept it intact enough to trigger the necessary immune response”(Salk’s institute 1). Salk 's decision to create a vaccine out of inactivated virus was not the strongest protector, but was made strong enough to cure and lower the risk of infection within patients. It was one of the first times someone attempted to take a completely opposite approach than what scientist thought was best. As he said in an interview, “ ‘The principle I was trying to establish was that it was not necessary to run the risk of infection, which would have been the case if one were to try to develop an attenuated or weekend polio virus vaccine’ ”( Salk 2).
Scientists created this vaccine by observing nature, and how nature passes viruses along. Scientists noticed that viruses in nature latch on to the cells they want to inject, this caused scientists to figure out how to take parts of an attenuated virus and add genetic matter from other microbes into them. I know this sounds confusing, but it’s quite simple. Just think of it as poisoning the virus. Recombinant vector vaccines are very close to mimicking a natural infection, which causes the immune system to energize and start up sooner.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. • Natalie Pica and Peter Palese (2013). Toward a Universal Influenza Virus Vaccine: Prospects and Challenges. Department of Microbiology and 2Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York. • Peter Palese and Adolfo Garcia-Sastre (2002).