Russia, under Lenin's rule called for a world revolution and brought the United States into it. It was not until after WWII, that the cold war really began, when the political power of the world shifted from the center of Europe to Moscow and Washington. The Cold War began after the collapse of Germany in May 1945(http://www.coldwar.org/indexrus.html). The creation of the cold war came from the disagreements for postwar Europe and the Far East. Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed.
One factor was the type of war that was being fought in... ... middle of paper ... ...States possession of the weapon, and willingness to use it, a threat to the Soviet Union. This began the arms race and within four years, the Soviet Union owned atomic weapons. Stalin also viewed Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb on the Japanese as a direct threat to the Soviet Union. Stalin was quoted telling Molotov, “They are killing Japanese to intimidate us.” This belief, and Truman’s aggressive approach, caused Stalin to tighten his grip on Eastern European and more openly oppose capitalism. This is exemplified in his speech on February 9th, 1946, were Stalin blames both world wars on capitalism and states that the Soviet’s social system was victorious in World War II.
High taxes were imposed upon the American people to keep up the nuclear race with the Soviets. Within a year or so, America had turned its back on the Korean War. No one wanted to remember a war which cost so much to accomplish so little. The dead were just simply forgotten in the fast modern world. The lessons of the war were also forgotten.
She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H). The Soviet Union and its Communist nations of Eastern Europe created a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact. This created a political division of Europe that worsened the Cold War. In response to growing conflict, the US introduced the Marshall Plan to help aid nations with whom they held positive relations with and assist them in infrastructure reconstruction. In conclusion, a post-World War II conflict arose between the United States and Russia as a result of growing distrust between the two opposite nations.
One individual played an immense role in pulling the strings of the Cold War. As the first U.S. President to face the Cold War, Harry S. Truman’s political views as a Democrat, important military decisions during warfare, and his policy of containing Communism, strongly impacted the Cold War, which led to the United States and the Soviet Union becoming Cold War adversaries. From July 17¬–August 2, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, all met in Potsdam, Germany to discuss plans ... ... middle of paper ... ...r adversaries. Truman’s political views as a Democrat opposed the Soviet Union’s Communist views. Truman believed that communism would affect the political stability of other countries.
But the cold war changed the United States' mission to unilateral containment of the spread of Soviet communism. Supported by the Soviets, North Korea attacked South Korea in June of 1950. The South Koreans pushed into North Korea with American aid. But the Soviet Union, helped the North Koreans to push the South Koreans back . "During the bitterly destructive Korean War, the entire peninsula was devastated.
Communist nations would fight to spread communism and noncommunist nations would fight to stop the spread of communism. The Cold War had begun. Winston Churchill’s speech on March 5, 1946 summed up his previous thoughts about the Soviet Union. One of Churchill’s most famous parts of the speech “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, and iron curtain had descended across the continent”(Document 1). Churchill basically said that Europe has been divided into two parts by this imaginary “iron curtain” the eastern half which is communist with dictatorships and the western half which is capitalist and mostly democratic.
Just as the Soviets wanted to spread communism, the United States wanted to contain communism. Document 4 effectively portrays this policy. The Document is the speech where President Truman is explaining the Truman Doctrine in which the US is to protect any nation battling communist pressures. The speech splits the world into communist and democratic camps, intensifying the nations’ thirsts for more power and stifling the other’s power. Within Document 3, Kennan states that the only way to influence the Soviet Union is through force.
With the Allies achieving victory in Europe and Japan, Korea, which had been occupied by Japan since 1910, would be placed under the temporary control of Russia and the United States. Korea was divided into two separate states at the thirty-eighth parallel with Russia holding the North and America holding the South (Uschan 36). As the relationship between Russia and America turned for the worse, leading to the Cold war, both attempted to gain as many allies as possible to support them (Bachrach 11). The American government felt it was their duty to stop the Soviet Union and issued the Truman Doctrine, which was a policy to fight Communism around the world (Uschan 27). Therefore the U.S involvement in the Korean War was justified as a way to prove that the U.S would not allow the Soviet Union to spread Communism without a fight.
The name Cold War ultimately describes the relationship between the two superpowers of that time, which were United States, and the Soviet Union. The Cold War was a continuous battle, which lasted decades, to determine what nation between the two had more political and military power. In this essay I will be discussing some of the major events that occurred from each decade of the Cold War from the 1940s through the 1980s. Although, there was not direct fighting between the US and Soviet; there was many major crises, including the Berlin Blockade, Korean War, U2 plane incident, the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan, and the Strategic Defence Initiative just to name a few. These are the events I will address in this essay.