James then allowed priests to celebrate mass in the palace; he repealed laws against Catholics, which meant they could now become important people. The last straw for the protestant people was when James II's wife Mary Of Modena, a catholic gave birth to her son who would now become the heir to the throne. The English people started to see a long line of catholic kings and queens, so a group of noblemen who were determined not to let this happen, invited Mary and Prince William of Orange to take the throne of England. They decided for William to land in England in November 1688. James II soon fled to France to his cousin, the catholic king Louis XIV, in December 1688 without striking a blow in defence of his kingdom.
Northumberland, the man behind Jane’s campaign, also did an about face at Cambridge, supporting Mary’s claim to the throne. This was due to his forces being wreaked by deserters. However Mary showed no mercy and he was executed in August as a traitor, along with Sir John Gates and Sir Thomas Palmer. Mary went on to re-implement the Catholic faith in England, however not the Catholic faith before her father broke with Rome. Mary was attempting to go along with the Counter Reformation happening on the continent.
When the new archbishop, Thomas Cranmer was instituted, he finally invalidated King Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon while also granting the marriage with Anne Boleyn. The pope excommunicated Henry after this, yet it was insignificant. All these events separated England further and
The royalists and King Charles fought the parliamentarians, but the parliamentarians won. When the parliamentarians won they held the trial of King Charles 1, the exile of his son, Charles II; and the replacement of English monarchy with, at first, the Commonwealth of England (1649–53) and then the Protectorate (1653–59) under Oliver Cromwell's personal rule. The monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. Constitutionally, the war established the precedent that an English monarch cannot govern without Parliament's consent, but it was not upheld and a later king tried to rule without parliament again, which brought about the Bloodless revolution. The bloodless revolution was a war between the Catholic King of England and his son in law who was a protestant.
Both the American Revolution, (1775 -1783) and the French Revolution (1789 -1799) were the products of Enlightenment ideals that struck a large population of the people which emphasized the idea of natural rights and equality and led to many changes in society. It all ties together with the French Revolution and American Revolution in which people felt the need to be free from tyrannical rule. The American and French revolutions compare and contrast in their origins and outcomes. To begin both revolutions occurred in the eighteenth century. The American Revolution was about the independence of the country.
James had also ended religious restrictions in 1687, which caused an increase religious tension. On June 10, 1688, William of Orange, later to become William III, was asked to take the throne of England, there by starting the beginning of the revolution. So, now Parliament and William of Orange and his wife Mary and the Catholic church help all the power in England, being the moderates of the revolution. Seeing, as how there were no radicals, there could be no accession of them, nor could there be a reign of terror. Convalescence was reached when Mary and William signed the Declaration of Power.
In 1533 the Act in Restraint of Appeals to Rome now recognised as Henry as the supreme head of the Church in England. This also said that Rome had no power to rule over matrimonial cases. This allowed Henry to gain his divorce as Cranmer declared Henry’s marriage with Catherine null and void, and Henry married Anne. This moves England away from the Catholic faith as he has now split with the Rome. A major part of the Catholic Church was that the Pope decided what happened, for example who gained a divorce, and Henry has now split and undermined the Pope.
“ Americans protest British Policies” -Enlightenment document. Americans decided to ‘mobilize colonial opinion against parliamentary interference in American affair... ... middle of paper ... ...reat revolutions, as it seemed; there were some communications. The Glorious Revolution had obvious similarities with the American Revolution, the American Revolution strongly affected the French Revolution, Glorious Revolution also shared; even though little similarities with the french Revolution. They all communicate with each other, they influence one another, as they were all one by one came after another. All these Revolutions were fought in the process of making and getting a better government and democracy for the people.
John Pym, who had been prevented from being elected to the second Parliament, was re-elected into the third Parliament and was looking for revenge on King Charles. He refused to give Charles supplies for his war until certain issues such as forced loans, compulsory billeting and arbitrary imprisonment had been addressed. The King attempted to bargain with Parliament, agreeing that Parliament could no longer be dissolved and that it had to be called regularly. When the Irish rebellion broke out, Pym took the opportunity to blame Charles and his administration for the rebellion. Pym stated that the parties at fault should be dismissed and replaced with people approved by Parliament.
William was her husband” (Damerow). 2. (Elaborate and Analyze-connect to thesis): The members of Parliament invited William and Mary to overthrow James for the sake of Protestantism. So, William III and Mary II replaced King James on the throne. C. Research-answer second question: Because King James II was disliked by so many people, the fearful members of Parliament forced him to hand over his title of being king to allow a different person to take the throne.