The Three Phases of the French Revolution

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History through out time has maintained a cause-and-effect pattern with almost all major events; the French Revolution being no different. The philosophes influenced the French society by giving all the estates a chance to be educated by their works. Some of these works also made it to the colonies in American and influenced them enough to bring out an uprising against England in 1775. During America’s battle for independence, French aid was sent, including the leadership of Lafayette, who brought positive ideas of liberty and justice back to France after America gained its freedom. The monarchy of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and their incompetence led to inflated prices, growing population, decreased salaries, and overall a decline in France’s money in general. In addition, Marie Antoinette’s spending on lavish yet unnecessary items set France further into debt. Anger of peasants came about because of France’s social ranks and privileges were quite unfair. For example, the second estate had no taille tax, while the third estate was the largest and possessed the highest taxes. The Enlightenment, the American Revolution of 1775 through 1783, and France’s political, social, and economic state in the years before the outbreaks of revolts, all acted as stimuli to the anger of France’s citizens. This anger brought about the three major phases of the French Revolution: the uprisings of peasants such as the Storming of Bastille, the Red Terror which resulted in many unjust deaths, and the Thermidorean Reaction in which the Committee of Public Safety lost its power.

The incompetence of the monarchs led the French government in great desperation, and out of this desperation, France was forced to call the first Estates-General meeting s...

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... or mutiny, against the government and allowed Napoleon to rise to power shortly afterwards.

The French Revolution was an inevitable event in France’s history. The incompetence of the monarchy of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, along with the built up anger of the French society influenced by philosophes and the American Revolution and the tension between estates, were all key factors of the disintegration of the old regime of France. The French Revolution, no matter how gruesome, brought good to the country as a whole. Because of the uprisings of the peasants, France now has a stable republic with President Nicolas Sarkozy in charge. France could not have managed to get to the economic, political, or social place they are at right now without the past citizens of France risking their lives, or in some cases sacrificing their lives, during the French Revolution.
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