The Tension between North and South

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It is 1860 and tensions between the northern and southern states are at a critical level. Many historians debate over what the actual cause for the South’s rapid aggressions to secession. Many believe that the South seceded for a fear of anxieties, the growing Republican party, Northern neglects to the constitution, and finally the issue of slavery. Professor Charles Dew, believes that the conflict between the North and South mostly involved the issue of slavery. While Professor Marc Egnal, argues that South’s secession was mostly determined by an economically based problem between Upper south resident who were still loyal to the northern entrepreneurial outlook, and those who opposed a diverse economy. The question is what was the true reason for the Southern secession? In my own opinion, the South seceded because of the subject of slavery, growing tension between Northern and Southern economic beliefs, and finally over the government’s oppression over State Rights. Despite the all of the factual evidence supporting one aspect, the obstacle in the south was just too complex to be fixated on one subject. Professor Charles Dew has worked on the problem of Southern secession for many years. He believes that the only way to understand the point of view from the Southern’s perspective is through their personal writings, such as letters and speeches of the southern commissioners. Professor looks at the secession commissioners’ written documents on the eve of the civil war to determine where their minds fall on the subject of secession (334). Dew argues that his observation is different than other historians, because he uses the primary sources from the Southern Commissioners. For example, Dew states, “Professor Wakelyn does not inclu... ... middle of paper ... ...graph. Egnal states, “The other group, whose strength lay in the southern reaches of the lower South, defended an economy focused on slaves, cotton, and rice” (349). Therefore, the south depended on slavery to drive the southern agricultural economy. The question to what caused the southern secession might never be fully answered. The best way to understand what actually happened is to look at all side of the story. Historians have wrestled with the ideas of slavery, economics, republicanism, and anxiety. The truth is that all of these ideas might be the answer to what caused the South rapid aggression. We can see the Professor Dew and Professor Egnal stress different aspects, but they both tie together through the link of economics. All in all, the southern secession was not caused by one conflict; but a cluster of problems that became tided together.

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