The Spread of Christianism and Islam

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1. Describe the factors that enabled the Christian church to expand and thrive? Include its orthodox set of beliefs and its organization. As Western Roman Empire crumbled the Christian Church survived becoming one of the most important organizations in Europe. The Church expanded its power by exercising authority over religious issues away from the state. The Greco-Roman idea did not provide for emotional needs of the people. The Appeal of Christianity presented people what the city- state and world-state could not, a personal relationship with God, and membership in community. The Church benefited considerably from the emperor’s support. In return, the emperor’s expected the support of the Christian Church in maintaining order. Constantine endowed the building of Christian churches and declared Sunday a public holiday, a day of rest for service of God. As a result Christianity slowly became the leading religion. Early Christian Church benefited from administrative abilities of church leaders as well as the authority of the bishop of Rome. Church gradually adopted a hierarchy organization while citizens applied skills to service the church rather empire. When empire decayed educated people worked for the church believing it was the only institution to provide leadership. In fifth century bishops took title of pope and stressed superiority over Christianity. Religion was not a private matter it was a social affair, and religion of chieftain determined religion of the people. In 529 Benedict of Nursia wrote a brief set of regulations for the monks who gathered around him in Monte Cassino. Benedicts guide influenced all forms of organized religious life, outlined a monastic life of regularity, discipline, and moderation in total ... ... middle of paper ... ...w religion and accepted Islam in great numbers. In addition the imposition of a personal tax on all non-Muslims encouraged many to become converts. A key challenge faced by the caliphate was a fundamental division in Muslim theology between the Sunnis and the Shi’a. The Islamic state expanded very swiftly after the death of Muhammad by converting unbelievers to Islam and military invasion of the Islamic community's opponents. Without delay after Prophet's death, Abu Bakr, as the first Caliph, continued the effort to put an end to paganism among Arab tribes. Islam was and remains one the most effective religions in removing barriers of race and nationality. Apart from a certain privileged position allowed Arabs, distinctions were mostly those of economic rank in the early days of conquest. The new religion converted and embraced peoples of many colors and cultures.

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