A patrician class initially ruled Rome, but over time the Plebs, or common people, gained influence. As late as 390 BC, when Greece and Persia were great powers in the world, Rome was still so weak that it was sacked by the Gauls. However, during the 4th and 3d centuries BC, the Romans became masters of central and southern Italy. Roman armies entered Greece, where they were both conquerors and conquered: they defeated the Greek armies, but they were overawed by Greek culture and brought back to Rome a taste for fine art and literature. Rome's most powerful rival was now the distant city of Carthage, ruler of north Africa and the western Mediterranean.
THESIS STATEMENT Through conquest, Rome influenced British society and culture. PURPOSE STATEMENT The purpose of this paper is to discuss Rome’s influence on Britain and the changes to Britain’s culture and society after the Roman invasion. INTRODUCTION When Rome first began they were the powerhouse of their era, taking and conquering every country they had encountered. The Romans likely conquered as much countries, as much as they influenced, especially in Britain. Conquering Britain may have been the best and worst thing the Romans had ever did.
After Lepidus retired from running for dictator, it left only Octavian and Marc Anthony. As Marc Anthony and Cleopatra set out to take the throne in Rome, they went to western Rome in Asia Minor to win battles. Anthony won the battle of Armenia but soon after returned to Alexandria instead of Rome. When People had wo... ... middle of paper ... ...ptember 13, the senate had made Augustus a god of the Roman state. By now, Tiberius, Augustus' adopted son, became the second emperor of the Roman Empire.
Due to the founding of The Republic in 509 B.C., the era of Roman kings came to a end. In this year the Romans supposedly expelled the last Etruscan king. Due to this, the Romans replaced the old monarchy and put a Republic that lasted until 30 B.C. Then Rome became the dominant Western power, it seized territories throughout the Mediterranean, created an efficient and enormous army, and finally started to manage all of the many properties that had been acquired. However this time of peace and bliss for the Empire was non existent, from 460-360 B.C., Rome had constant wars.
The Romans were a determined people that believed that ruling the world was their destiny and after the defeat of its’ greatest rival Carthage, they were now masters of the Mediterranean. Rome would never again be threatened until the empire’s fall hundreds of years later. The Romans would now begin to expand their empire past Italy, and with great success, come to rule the Western world. Works Cited http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Forum/1595/Romans.html Nardo, Don. The Rise of the Roman Empire.
However, Caesar, being the smart man that he was, brought his army with him despite the senate’s orders. This led to a civil war where Caesar defeated Pompey. After this, Caesar made himself dictator and the ruler of Rome and all of its territories. In the end when Caesar finally died, the Romans failed to realized that the republic ways of Rome had died with him. Rome was now an Empire.
It is known that Caesar was educated by a man named Marcus Antonius Gnipho. In his late adolescence, he took up a political position during the Roman Civil Wars. He quickly learned to associate himself with the most powerful people of Rome; he would only marry Cornelia, “the daughter of the most powerful Roman of the era, the consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna”. Shortly after that, Lucius was killed by Sulla, the future “dictator” of Rome. Sulla demanded that Caesar divorce Cornelia; he refused, so Sulla stripped him of his priesthood of Jupiter and extracted his dowry from his marriage to Cornelia.
The economy began to prosper, and the fleet was rebuilt. The Romans remembered the previous wars very well, many of which hated Carthage, they wanted Carthage dead. Rome used their ally, Masinissa, to bring forward an excuse to go to war with Carthage. In 149 Carthage attacked Masinissa and Rome came to aid for their ally and declaring war on Carthage. Rome had an advantage with their military force being stronger than ever.
The senate's jobs were to nominate consuls, and command armies. Additionally, Rome established that in case of a total emergency, they could have a dictator for hasty decisions. This kind of authority was very elite for the time, and immensely helped them organize th... ... middle of paper ... ...d inflation and drained all their financial assets. At the end of Rome’s ruling they had left an unforgettable legend behind. They had made many notable achievements, that later influenced other civilizations.
Overall it’s clear to see that the Roman Republic was more about the Roman people and what they desired, but the power, in both the empire and the republic, still stayed within the few people of high power. As you can tell from history, one of the main factors of the downfall was that the power became too concentrated and caused the Roman Republic to fall. The Roman Empire came to be because of what the senate let happen. By giving so much power to Octavian, the monarchy turned into an imperium. All together the empire and the republic were very successful in bringing Rome prosperity and expansion.