The government change also hurt Russia's economy and the alliances that Russia made in previous years. The government was also the main cause of the Cold War and because of the time period, Russia is a completely different time from when Russia was back in the 1900s.
Further difficulties during this period were caused by Russia's long term long problems, particularly the vast land area and a high percentage of distinct ethnic minorities causing a lack of cohesion and sense of national identity. Bad communications and retardation of industrialisation meant poor social conditions which led to vocal rebellious groups requiring violent put downs i.e. repression. Russia, at this time, appeared... ... middle of paper ... ...e ideologies of the government. Repression was imperative for both governments; the Tsarist to cling to power and the Communists to snatch it from them.
Although production of Russian oil dropped substantially after 1983, it gives an idea to the tremendous production of which Russia is capable. An early position in the Russian oil market could secure a significant portion of this prize. The importance of entry into Russian oil for a foreign firm is difficult to gauge because of its incredibly high amount risk. Still, the Russian oil market was the world's largest producer of crude petroleum. Also, once development succeeded, the oil could be easily supplied to the oil demanding European and Japanese neighbors.
Oppression is at the root of all of the problems people faced in those events and books. In World War I, the Russians revolted against their czar and created a communist country. Czar Nicholas II caused some of the most disastrous and bloody wars Russia had ever seen, so the people wanted him out. I learned that they had success because revolutionaries sought after a common goal, the communist manifesto. Although the new communist reign seemed good for a while, eventually certain members of society edged their way to the top of the pyramid, negating the communist manifesto.
High expectations of economic growth even with “shock therapy”--unemployment, social discontent and opportunities for corruption; influence of western politicians and the U.S. policy; and failing to completely reform the communistic system were some factors to why some became rich but led many to misery and an early death. Despite the huge infusions of Western money, millions of ordinary Russians struggled to survive in an economy neither capitalist nor communist, but something brand new and strange, which ultimately led to the failure of economic reform in Russia. In the fall of 1996, Boris Yeltsin won the presidential election in Russia. He was viewed as the personification of reform in Russia.... who had vanquished the Communist dragon during the hard-line coup attempt of August 1991 -- and the leader best placed to introduce democratic, market-oriented reforms. In the same year Yeltsin became the President of Russia, the U.S. ambassador to Russia, Thomas R. Pickering, predicted by the fall of 1999, Russia would be one of America’s top trading partners.
Hence, Yeltsin passed the presidency on to Putin; the promotion of democracy was severely limited by an authoritarian leader wanting more power. Corruption during the 1990’s increased and expanded with the developments of the Russian Mafia. “Many Russians believed that the unbridled pursuit of individual interests during the 1990s gave rise to lawlessness, corruption, and other centrifugal forces that weakened the state (Richter 40).” An extreme amount of hyperinflation and the ruble nearly crashed overnight in the later half of the decade due to the lawlessness of investments. Boris Yeltsin had many problems especially with the development of a constitution. “About one-quarter of Russians felt satisfaction in 1996 with the course of democratization, or nearly as many as were dissatisfied (Colton and McFaul 17).” Even though a large percentage of the people were dissatisfied with the government they did not want the communist party back.
The Russian constitution was unclear on some points, and the Constitutional Court had n... ... middle of paper ... ...6).” Reform was further undermined by the Kremlin’s take-over of oil giant Yukos’, and renationalize, which increased inefficiencies, corruption and darkened investments. Putin appeared to turn away from market reform toward increased government control of “strategic sectors” of the economy, with top government officials being put into leadership positions in some of Russia’s largest economic enterprises. Works Cited Hyde, Matthew. "Putin's Federal Reforms and their Implications for Presidential Power in Russia." Europe-Asia Studies (2001): 719-743.
Nicholas’ ultraconservative nationalism led him to oppose all progressive reform and to impose ‘Russification’ on ethnic minorities, instilling powerful discontent throughout the Empire. His disastrous war with Japan in 1904-1905 weakened the regime’s authority, and during 1905 Russia was overrun with immense waves of unrest. Unable to control the growing chaos, Nicholas was finally forced to issue the October Manifesto, creating a legislative Duma and even then it took a policy of brutal repression to slowly restore order and gradually Nicholas II and his government regained control of the situation. Despite this, the majority of problems resulted from the actions of previous tsars. The process of industrialisation was started off by Alexander III and this created the working class which was a large source of opposition to Nicholas II.
Presidents Under Fire Sex scandals, Poor Economics, and Public Relations are all problems that are being faced by the Worlds most powerful leaders. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin are both under steady attack from other would be political leaders. But does this pressure take away time that could better be spend on running they country? Political instability has rocked the country of Russia. Still in it's infancy; Russia has only had 1 leader since the demise of the Soviet Union.
Austria-Hungry were competing against Serbia and Russia for these lands in result pulling the rest of the powers into conflict which would eventually lead to the start of The Great War. With this war came dramatic changes throughout the world. Changes ranged from government reform, to economic developments, and distrust of political leaders. After World War I, socialism started to spread like wild fire, not only in Germany and the Austrian Empire but Great Britain would also see a socialistic government by the year of 1923. Later Britain would see another government change, a republic government.