Prayer in public schools is a widely debated subject. In 1962, parents started removing their children from public schools because of Biblical teachings. In 1962 and 1963 laws were passed which prohibited Biblical lessons in public schools. There are many advantages to prayer and bible lessons in public schools as well as disadvantages. For instance, one advantage to prayer in schools is it instilled the proper moral teachings of character development in students.
Martin Luther even wrote entire doctrines based on his differences of opinion which would eventually form the basis for the Lutheran Church. The colonists also questioned the authority of their European rulers. Many believed that God himself had put their rulers in charge, but with all the political disasters and condemnation they were seeing they began to question their... ... middle of paper ... ...l people were created equally by God and that those who govern should be allowed to do so only when chosen by the people to do so. The colonists wanted a country where all citizens had an equal right to participate in government and were now ready to fight for that right. The Awakening shaped the way we view religion today, it helped people to view society as a whole instead of the separate religious groups divided by different faiths and beliefs.
Then around the 1300's, around the time of Protestant Reformation, a monk named Martin Luther became the first well-known opposer of the church's abuses. He wrote many books, some of which stirred popular unrest among the people. Around this time, more people started think... ... middle of paper ... ...re other countries in the world where religion plays a part in the educational system, but more and more countries are shying away from it. In conclusion, Religion (especially Christianity) has played an important part in Education all over the world up to about the 1700's. There are still some lasting reminders, though, such as colleges once built for religious purposes but now the prominent secular education centers.
The Puritans generally were not wealthy, with many leading simple lives and using their time to help others in their community. John Winthrop, the first governor of the New England colony, constructed the society around family and religion. Puritans established many churches in the hopes that England would copy their model. The religious influences in the society were clear in the New England Primer, a textbook for Puritan children, in which they described the persecution of their people. The discrimination against the Puritans created a s... ... middle of paper ... ...rn as much as the Chesapeake agricultural business.
"Let us take alarm at this first experiment on our (religious) liberties" (Maddox 3). Former president James Madison's words still ring through American ears as a nation is alarmed by the government's attack on America's religious ideals Like James Madison, the first Europeans to settle the United States came with a dream of religious freedom. After being social pariahs in their native countries, these settlers held their religious choice sacred. They left their homes, families, and lives behind to seek freedom from religious constraints put on them by their native government. They risked their lives to come to a land where government would stay out of their spiritual lives.
Another movement that helped the growth of education into the Colonial period was the Reformation. This movement challenged the idea that only certain people should be educated according to The Roman Catholic Church. The challengers argued that without an education the common man was left with ignorance. As the significance of education started to get around more people got involved. Priests like Martin Luther argued that the Roman Catholic Church had misinterpreted the Bible and that people were meant to read and understand the Bible for themselves.
As the printing press was created, it made it easier for people to get copies of the Bible, the holy book of the Catholic Church, to learn and read. They wanted to be able to read the Bible so people can truly understand the history of the Catholic Church. After reading the Bible, many people began to criticize the Catholic Church and its beliefs and did not really trust what the Catholic Church said. They felt what the church taught was not what was in the Bible and this led to the Reformation. The Reformation was a religious revolution that caused more people to be more educated.
What were the reforms they demanded? One of the main ones was that salvation was “God’s free gift”, at the time churches accepted payment in return for salvation (Young pg.214). After Martin Luther there were multiple other reformers such as John Calvin who preached the fact that “only God knows who are among the elect”, meaning the church has no authority to decide who is worthy and who is not. After many protest and arguments the reforms came, three of the most important ones were, having an educated clergy and reforming monasteries, new religions were developed, and Catholicism became more involved with foreign missions. Educating the clergy and reforming the monasteries was no easy task, there were many things that had long been corrupted.
The Protestants believed in that one is saved by God’s grace and not by works. Moreover, the Protestants first peacefully talked about the problems in the Church but the Church were ignorant and did not want to respond to the Protestants. However, the Roman Catholic Church sought to seek out the reason why many individuals were leaving the Ch... ... middle of paper ... ...d Europe and Asia to share the Catholic faith to everyone who was willing to hear them speak. The most dominant change that the Roman Catholic Church made was the establishment of Jesuit schools. The Jesuit schools organized catechism classes in Italy in the early sixteenth century and taught kids about the fundamentals of the Catholic Church.
Beyond “career preparation”, the driving force behind being literate was religious motivation. Protestants needed to be able to read the Bible and education was a means to that end. What was interesting to me was that the book mentioned that “the religious view stimulated top-down efforts by the government and the church to provide education for the people”(Labaree 2010, p. 48). It is this top down approach from the government, controlling education, that has worked to push any religious aspect out of the public schools today. Education in America became a source for social reform and advancement for individuals as more and more people began to want to be educated