In his book Mahan pointed out that Great Britain’s phenomenal growth as the world power was because of it’s unsurpassed naval power. America saw that in order to become a world power, it needed to expand it’s own navy. In order to maintain this new navy, America would also need to increase the number of harbors, refueling and repair stations, and trade ships around the globe. America also came to realize that the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans needed to be connected closer to home. This raised the demand for an isthmian canal.
In this search, manufacturers needed to find new raw materials in order to better equip themselves to sustain against the newly rising competitors. This caused competition with foreign market systems all around to begin pursuing an imperialistic empire. The European powers responded with aggressive nationalism when expanding their empire. This concept began trending internationally as other nations adapted the new concept of maintaining a steady nation through the new ideals of expansions. After the conclusion of the Civil War and the Reconstruction, the American economy rapidly increased as it developed in the Second Industrial Revolution.
The panic essentially served as a wake call for American bu... ... middle of paper ... ...that capitalism’s “need of constantly expanding markets for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe” (Marx 12). This articulated the idea of American imperialism – expanding in order to attain raw materials and new markets for the now industrialized nation. American imperialism was not a simple aberration – nor was the endeavor undertaken for completely humanitarian goals. Instead, imperialism was both a continuation of the American expansionist tradition – mainly the Manifest Destiny – and a response to a changing economic international community. The industrializing America had needed new markets, raw materials, and overseas territories to compete with the burgeoning European colonial empires.
During the late 19th and 20th century, the United States pursues an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political, military, and economic influence across the globe. The events during this ‘age of imperialism’ laid the foundation for America’s international power while simultaneously defining the use of the these powers. The policy that the United States implemented at this time is known as Big Stick Diplomacy which was to speak softly but carry a big stick. This meant that the United States would ask for something or take a stance on an issue and if another nation refused or went against the United States, then the military would be summoned to ‘resolve’ the issues. This domineering foreign policy defined the politics of American Imperialism that was especially prevalent from 1890-1913.
Imperialism is when strong nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations - economically, politically, culturally or militarily. In America, during the 1800s and 1900s, there was dispute about wether or not we should, as a nation, become imperialists through expansion. American expansion was a decision that could change the US forever in every aspect. It could make or break us, so to speak. Economically, this would mean a growth in industry, an increasing need for natural resources, and the requirement of new markets in which to sell manufactured goods.
After the revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, the Americans intervened to start the Spanish-American War. In return, the Americans received several territorial concessions from their defeated opponent. Thus, this success put America on their path in imperialism. American expansionism in the late 19th century and early 20th century was, to an extent, a continuation of past United States expansionism in terms of spreading the united states influence and culture probed through a robust imperialist society- in return for territorial gains, and spreading imperialism. Throughout the history of the United States, America always had a desire to expand its territories.
Consequently, a different approach to imperialism gradually set in but it required considerable political and strategic commitments. In addition, it was accompanied by a rise of foreign competition and by higher global growth rates. By the second half of the century, what had begun as a spontaneous initiative of international commercial exchange was displaced by a more conscious and more deliberate imperialism. Ironically enough, the very period of British paramountcy saw the rise of a growing envy of British influence. In Europe, France and Germany were aware that influence in the East meant leadership on a global scale; Russia and especially America emerged as expansionist rivals at strategic areas of the globe.
Imperialism in America At the turn of the century, America and the views of its people were changing. Many different ideas were surfacing about issues that affected the country as a whole. The Republican Party, led by William McKinley, were concentrating on the expansion of the United States and looking to excel in power and commerce. The Democratic Party at this time was led by William Jennings Bryan, who was absorbed in a sponge of morality and was concerned with the rights of man. The nation’s self-interest was divided into different ideas between the two parties.
But the decade of 1890s, the period between 1893 and1903 was a turning point in the history of United States, marked with the expansion of America for the first time outside its main land. Even though policy makers justified imperial expansion under the doctrine of manifest destiny, other causes, specifically the Depression of 1893, strategic military acquisition in order to improve US security, international competition, and the urge to control greater a part of the world in order to become the world power, actually encouraged the US to expand across its borders. This changed America’s traditional foreign policy from isolationist to interventionist that drew America into various international disputes at the risk of its own security. After 1865, facilitated by the development and expansion of railways, American industries grew rapidly and pushed its production beyond the domestic demands. This progress attracted immigrants from throughout the world increasing the population of the US rapidly.
This paper will analyze the positives, negatives and the overall influence of the imperialistic empire. Influenced by the Industrial Revolution, imperialism enabled countries such as India access to advanced technology and innovation, which in turn made is possible for them to become major players in trade. In addition to increased trade, British influence also prevented the political and social system of their colonies from crumbling within. However, there were still negative aspects of the British rule upon the different peoples. Moreover, each different colony the British ruled longed for a sense of nationalism and hence the revolts and turmoil.