The Neolithic Revolution

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The life as we see it now in the contemporary world hasn’t been always the same. Through the course of evolution the human race has basically passed from being carnivorous predator hunting down their prey in order to survive to whole agricultural systems with well-balanced ratio of the products that can be modified to practically anything at our own will. Such transition from reliance upon hunting and gathering to systematic well-balanced agricultural schemas, frequently referred to as the Neolithic Revolution, was one of the greatest turning points in human history, which has signified an opening of the new era controlled by humans. According to the literature, the topic of early cultivation hasn’t been really discussed in an in-depth way. This paper is aimed at analysing this macro evolutionary process of going from hunting to farming in the Southwest Asia, since it is considered one of the youngest origins of transition worldwide (Agouti & Fuller 2013).Since Agouti and Fuller (2013) consider “climate change, resource intensification, sedentism, rising population densities, and increasing social complexity” as having a major impact on the emergence of protoagricultural village life”, these aspects will be analysed as the concepts of the significance of the Neolithic “revolution” for the development of civilization in the Southwest Asia (299). Asia was always at a crossroads of trade routes. It is hardly possible that the trade prospered at that time, but there certainly was a flow of people that were looking for new areas to do gathering and hunting. The placement of Asia played a vital role in the spread of Neolithic “revolution”. Regarding to its climate, soil, and that day development, this part of the world was a perfect gr... ... middle of paper ... ...plex societies, in the middle of the 4th millennium BC, in the Southwest Asia, fostered the development of community settlements. At that time, first city-states appeared. The first steps towards urban life were taken in Southwest Asia in the context of a complex series of social processes often termed as “the rise of civilization”. The Neolithic revolution came to the Southwest Asia and totally involved it due to different geographical factors such as climate, soils and geographical position. As the revolution considerably affected the most typical at that time areas of occupation and gaining food – gathering and hunting – changing them to husbandry and farming, it had a serious impact on the societies as well. The revolution marked the beginning of a new era that, probably, lasts today as well and is represented by the processes of urbanization and globalization.
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