Another result is a short stunt in growth; the infant/toddler/child is smaller than the other children there age due to nutritional issues. The misconception that many parents have about nutritional and the many malnourished children in the world cause long-term nutritional problems. The results of these problems such as protein-calorie malnutrition, marasmus, kwashiorkor, and formula have cause children to grow into adulthood with disorders or worse they don’t even live to see adulthood. Some children don’t have any kind to thrive with thin frail bones; some children are forced to deal with swollen face, legs, arms and abdomens; and other children are more vulnerable to other diseases such as measles, diarrhea and influenza. Not only do children not grow, but they also have excessive weight gain during childhood.
There is also a higher risk of miscarriages, stillborns and diseases. Children born to malnourished mothers have an increases chance of develop a proper outcome for the baby. Malnourished mother, who give birth prematurely, can cause deficiencies for the baby, which could last a lifetime. In underdeveloped countries, the children born to malnourished mothers often have birth defects or die. Research indicates that, “fetus malnutrition cases occur in low-income families” (Zenkind, and Ramsey, 1981).
Difficult deliveries often contribute to the lack of oxygen for a baby (Colledge, 1999). Lack of oxygen causes brain damage and the longer a baby is without it the more extreme the damage can be. Furthermore, there are many other factors during pregnancy that could cause CP. If a woman is expecting twins or triplets there is an increase chance that one child will have CP (Colledge, 1999). Infections, poor nutrition, and exposure to toxic substances such as nicotine and alcohol are other factors that can contribute to CP (Colledge, 1999).
Smoking is linked to low birth weight, which can also result in a weakened immune system, poor respiration, and neural impairment. Alcohol use can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, which is linked to heart problems, body malformations, and mental retardation. Secondly, there are many maternal diseases that can negatively impact the fetus, including herpes, rubella, and AIDS. For example, Herpes virus is one of the most common maternal disease and can be transmitted to the fetus, leading to deafness, brain swelling, or mental retardation. Lastly, the female should be very careful with what she eats, extremely careful with which drugs are ingested, she should always be aware of her environment so that the fetus will not be infected with any maternal diseases.
Malnutrition impacts the development of a fetus into a young child because it has a harmful effect on their cognitive development as the child becomes older. Malnutrition can be defined as lacking proper nutritional value and not eating enough food which is needed for a body to function properly. I believe malnutrition of a fetus, eventually born into a child, will indefinitely make a negative impact on a child’s life mainly due to not receiving the right nutrients and supplements needed to develop an optimally functioning brain and build a healthy structured body. Based on the study Persistent epigenetic differences associated with prenatal exposure to famine in humans by Heijmans, researchers wanted to conduct an experiment to find the
Children who aren 't given advantages deserve to be understood. Effects at Birth Low birth weight, exposure to lead, and low school readiness is more prominent in children who come from poverty stricken families. (source 1&2) Low birth weight is a sign of prenatal malnutrition. This can also lead to poor physical health, emotional problems, and decrease cognitive abilities that can persist throughout a persons life. (source 2) Low birth weight is also a high risk factor in infant death.
Physical Failure to thrive is a negative physical outcome cause by neglect. Failure to thrive is when neglected children compared to children who gain the proper weight at acceptable standards have extended interruption of their norm (Block and Krebs, 2005). To support the claim that neglect caused FIT, hospitals noticed increased intake of nourishment and exceeded the normal amount of weight increase (Block and Krebs, 2005). A critical element of FIT is if there are any bonding concerns between caregiver and infant (Block and Krebs, 2005). Caregivers and parents who are inattentive to an infant or toddler nourishment will cause distress about child abuse (Block and Krebs, 2005).
Some health issues during pregnancy has been linked to a child’s future mental health. Children being born prematurely can get many symptoms, such as, depression, addiction, and anxiety. It can affect the baby’s brain and the way they think. It can also affect the baby’s lung because they are not fully developed, so it can cause a baby to have problems. Mental illness cannot be prevented but could be treated by medications, therapy, and hospitalization.
Organ failure is also a symptom because the organs of the victim are not getting the proper vitamins and proteins that they need to work properly. Victims of marasmus are highly vulnerable to infections especially in the skin, mouth, and lungs. Marasmus is most susceptible to infants and children under 5 years old, because at such a young age children require proper nutrition and energy to increase their growth. Children in low poverty and developing countries such as South America, Africa, and South Asia are the most susceptible. In these areas it is difficult to get the proper food and nutrients that children need because of the inability to afford food and the limited availability of sanitized clean water.
The lack of proper nutrition for babies or a diet low in calories, proteins, essential vitamins, and minerals is a sign of malnutrition. Moreover, as Kara Rogers presents in “The Science of Nutrition”, in some parts of Africa, “the practice of weaning breast-fed infants to a diet consisting chiefly of one kind of starchy food, such as cassava, may lead to protein deficiency” (94). Deficiencies in minerals, proteins, or vitamins have a serious impact on baby’s health and most of the times cause specific nutr... ... middle of paper ... ...se who survive have high risks of brain, respiratory, and digestive problems in early life.” Newborns exposure to a high concentration of various pollutants like car exhaust, chemicals from factories, dust, pollen, mold, pesticides may lead to various respiratory problems, immune system disorders, cancer or even death. By and large, people tend to take for granted the delicious food they eat, the medicine they take, the clean water they drink and the fresh air they breathe. However, they should be aware that it is enough to blink twice, and a child is gone because he or she is starved, dehydrated, ill or exposed to unhealthy air.