Food insecure families are not supplied with nutritional, healthy, clean, or safe foods. They are given junk food. The money they do have, or the money that is given to them, is put towards buying foods that are high in fat and sugar so it can be stored for a month or longer. Fruits and vegetables are rarely an option, and if they are, they are not in good condition. Food insecurity can lead to poor health.
The United States Department of Agriculture defines food unsecurity as the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food, or the ability to acquire such food, is limited or uncertain for a household. Food insecurity also does not always mean that the household has nothing to eat. More simply stated it is the struggle to provide nutritional food for ones family and/or self. The people that suffer from food insecurity are not all living below the poverty line. In 2012 49.0 million people were considered food insecure in the United States of those 46.5 million were in poverty (Hunger & Poverty Statistics, 2012).
The problem lies within the kinds of foods that have come to dominate the markets, food waste, the rising cost of living while minimum wage remains stagnant, government subsidies to Big Ag, and the lack of a social security net for those in poverty. According to the US Census Bureau, 46.5 million people were living in poverty in 2012. Among those, 21.8 percent were children. Even more surprising is the staggering number of people who are food insecure. It is estimated that nearly 50 million Americans experience food insecurity during a given year.
This shows that families with low income do not receive enough nutrition and due to low income and lack of education, under these conditions they are unable to provide a proper diet and accept food from food banks. Also, another social statue that plays an important role is unemployment because since some people are not financially stable this causes them to have difficulty providing for their families and end up starving and face critical health conditions in their lifetime, this is one reason food banks are presented as they help provide such families
The Bill Emerson Food Donation Act would make a significant impact on hunger in America if the public were more educated about the bill, and pushed businesses to act accordingly. It is irreconcilable that the United States can waste so much food when so many are going hungry. According to James Haley of the University of Arkansas, hunger in general has become a more serious issue in the past decade, as the national food insecurity rate arcs its way up to 14.7 percent. The USDA, meanwhile, has taken a surveyor’s approach when tackling the hunger issue. In 2006, the USDA introduced new language that moved away from th... ... middle of paper ... ... University of Arkansas School of Law RSS.
While obesity seems to be the result of too much food and hunger the lack of food, the common issue of poverty must be addressed in order to ease the obesity crisis in the United States. Low-income neighborhoods lack grocery stores and markets where they can get healthy food affecting both rates of obesity and hunger. Instead the residents are limited to local convenience stores that do not have fresh produce and low-fat products. Instead these stores will have processed food that lacks nutrients. Without good grocery stores and markets it is also affecting hunger for where and how residents are going to get their food.
Dietary assessment of major food trends in U.S. food consumption, 1970-2005.Economic Research Service, Economic Information Bulletin 13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2005), sixth edition, www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/ United States Department of Agriculture (2012). Commodity Consumption by Population Characteristics. Economic Research Services (ERS)
Of the 4.1 percent of these Americans, 300,000 are hungry children. In September 1997 the United States Census Bureau released data that indicated that 36.5 million Americans, or 13.7% of the American population, had lived in poverty in 1996 (Could There Be Hunger In America). Often families that live in poverty are also families that live with hunger. Living at or below the poverty line puts a strain on the family's food purchasing power. Often money that should be spent on purchasing food is used to pay rent or utility bills.
Food spoilage makes up the largest portion of food wastage by consumers, and food spoilage is often caused by improper management of food because consumers often do not have the motivation, knowledge, and ability to ensure that food is not wasted (Russell et al. 108). Preventing food waste is not the highest priority for people when they are managing their food but rather a focus on food quality, food safety, food tastes, and diets is what people often place ahead of making sure food does not get wasted. Consumers have some knowledge about how to manage food, but they often do not act accordingly. For example, people tend to maintain a refrigerator temperature that is too high and often do not understand the product’s packaging instructions for storage conditions (van Geffen et al.
“Poor” Nutrition Is poverty across America disabling the poor from buying the necessities that they need? According to the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, “a low-income family would have to devote 43 to 70 percent of its food budget to fruits and vegetables” (Williams). The effect poverty has on some people is just heartbreaking. Often, low-income children have to rely on school foods, what money is available to afford healthy foods, or restaurants that advertise unhealthy but promising meal deals. Sometimes, when low-income families struggle to provide a quality meal that’s sufficient in quantity, the children have to rely on what the school provides.