In 1793, Eli Whitney created the revolutionary Cotton Gin which replaced human involvement in the process of separating cotton fibers from their seeds. His invention not only expedited the development of cotton but also resulted in an increase in textile farming in New England and Britain. Cotton production was thus increasing by an average of 7 percent annually from 1800 to 1860. Furthermore, the demand for cotton was rising rapidly and “the soils and climate of the south, especially the new southwest, gave it a comparative advantage in supplying the massive and growing demand for raw cotton”. With the South’s comparative advantage in the development of raw cotton, it experienced a geographic relocation... ... middle of paper ... ...ovements of cotton textiles to North and South Carolina.
In addition, in 1820 the Missouri compromise took into effect, which made it so states North of the 36°30′ parallel would be free and South would be slave and helped give way to new laws regarding the issue of slavery. Slavery had a big impact on the market, but most of it was centered on the main slave crop, cotton. Primarily, the south regulated the cotton distribution because it was the main source of income in the south and conditions were nearly perfect for growing it. Cheap slave labor made it that much more profitable and it grew quickly as well. Since the development in textile industry in the north and in Britain, cotton became high in demand all over the world.
In the antebellum south, cotton was king. The idea of a diverse agricultural south became a fallacy upon Eli Whitney’s development of the cotton gin. The ability to gin cotton creates a market place for a cash crop and the increase in slave labor. Therefore it is cotton that fuels the financial wealth of thousands of southern families and replaced stable crops. The development of the most beneficial technology in the Old South that we all know as the cotton gin was developed by Yale graduate Eli Whitney in the year 1793.
Southern states noticed the agricultural boom due to the Cotton Gin. The movement of the Second Great Awakening and a shift in opinion about slavery resulted in abolition movements throughout the country- but the institution of slavery was questioned for its legitimacy. Slavery also eventually fueled the entire economy of the United States of America throughout a crucial period of growth for the young nation. States used the Constitution from a perspective in defense of states’ given entitlement to preserve specific economies of each region from 1770 to 1860 because restricted resettlement hurt the South, increased tariffs diminished money in the South, and an attempt to abolish slavery increased sectionalism. John Adams felt he had the right to limit immigration into the U.S. when Congress issued the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Most of this was in the south because it had the weather conditions needed for cotton to grow. In 1793 Whitney saw the difficulty of taking out cotton seeds by hand (Cefrey 10-11). He decided to create a machine that could clean cotton faster than a human could. The Cotton Gin made the processing of cotton much faster and quicker. As a result of this, land owners were now able to have large cotton plantations across the south (How the Cotton Gin).
They were a huge investment to Southerners and if taken away, could mean massive losses to everyone. The South especially needed more slaves at this time because they were now growing more cotton then ever because of the invention of the cotton gin. Within that time period of 50 years the number of slaves also rose from about 1,190,000 to over 4,000,000. The plantation owners in the South could not understand why the North wanted slavery abolished that bad. Slavery formed two opposing societies and could not have been abolished with out the Civil War.
This situation was not ideal because the Southern farmers wanted more control over their workers (orange). Virginian farmers heard about the success of slavery in the Caribbean and thought it would be a good solution to their problems (blue). The southern colonists had a very different way of earning a living than in the north. They needed people to work through “the harsh realities of a land-rich, but labor-scarce economy…” (Purple). The plantation owners had all the land and resources, but no one to work on their grounds long term.
“By 1800, seven years after Whitney’s invention, cotton production in the United States had increased 2300 % and continued to increase rather steadily… until production controls were imposed during the 1930s.” (Smith 8) Like many inventors, Eli Whitney could not have foreseen the ways his cotton gin changed society for the worst. The downside to the cotton gin was its effect on slavery in America. Although the cotton gin relieved people from labor, it had a downfall that caused the expansion... ... middle of paper ... ...ca was frustrated by, and the cotton gin also fueled slave disagreements. It eventually arose to a conflict over the control of slavery. In terms of knowing what the cotton gin means for Civil War history, the relation to the growth of slavery and its economic centrality is clear.
They depended on slavery to run their large plantations and take care of their major cash crop, cotton. Their economy was more agricultural and needed the slaves as workers in the fields and plantations. The South really depended on slavery after the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793. This was a machine that reduced the time it took to remove the seeds from cotton. With the invention of the cotton gin many plantations moved from their other crops to produce cotton.
Because the North and the South were very different economically, socially, and politically, and with territorial expansion all of this eventually resulted in the Civil War, or the War Between the States. First of all, there is an economic difference between the North and the South. In the North, society was fast becoming industrial and focused more on city life. In contrast, the South remained a region of small towns and large plantations. As Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable (Grischy).