Teenager's behavior has without a doubt gotten worse over the years. Teenagers nowadays are likely to be more exposed to the bad things that happen in this world. Generally during the teen years, thoughts about bodies, opposite sex and sexuality come into mind. The teenage years are a time to experiment, explore and take risks. In the time of teenage years, emotions and feelings also become more noticeable to them.
Juveniles are usually concerned with the psychical appearance because since they experience this abruptic changes in a short period of time. One example is facial acne in juveniles. Physical changes create dissatisfaction in adolescents and because this might have an effect in their behavior. Moodiness is one example of this transition,, this is clearly influenced by the increase of hormones. The authors states that “Adolescents are often thought to be extraordinarily moody, moving from joy to sadness to irritation to anger over the course of a morning or afternoon (Cvanaugh & Kail, 2014, p.221).
The body is regulated by a variety of chemical secretions and hormones, specifically neurotransmitters and hormones such as those secrete during puberty. In the body neurotransmitters are key chemicals in the brain that affect how brain cells communicate with one another. These hormones and neurotransmitters play important roles in regulating moods and behavior, which is why they could lead to depression in teenagers (Teen depression). Imbalances in these neurotransmitters cause improper communication between brain cells which results in altered behaviors and moods. Usually this disproportion leads to an unhappy mood, also known as depression.
School can also be affected in many ways when teens have depression. It can make it harder to concentrate, cause them to have poor attendance, and increase the trouble they cause with the school faculty (Butler). Another effect of depression is anxiety. Depression oftentimes leads to anxiety, but anxiety is more common to occur in a child on its own, without depression. Anxiety is, for the most part, normal when the body knows there is danger.
The prior is proof that adolescents do engage in risky behaviour. Through this essay we will explore the various theories of why risky behaviour is at its height during adolescence. An Examination of Adolescence During adolescence emotional reactivity is heightened, and the social environment is changing as adolescents spend more time with their peers than adults (Casey, 2008). To an adolescent, the value of positive information, as well as negative information may be exaggerated which leads to greater emotional reactivity and sensitivity during this growth period (Casey, 2008). This can heighten the incidence of addiction and the onset of psychological disorders (Casey, 2008).
Plus, even if an understanding is there, it can be very uncomfortable. Almost every part of an adolescent’s body is affected when going through puberty. Psychologically, an adolescent is affected too. One psychological effect of puberty is a decreased self-esteem. Boys and girls both have affected self-esteem during puberty, but girls’ self-esteem seems to have a negative impact during puberty, whiles boys seem to have a more positive impact.
This time of change and development is known as puberty. There are physical changes that occur in the anatomy of the teen and there are social and emotional changes that can develop. Interest in sexual activities, risk taking behavior, competition for elevated social status, long with bodily changes are among the consistent trends discovered in adolescent puberty (Bellis, Downing, Ashton, 2006). The reason for many of these trends is effected by how the individual handles this time of change. For many, this can be a stressful and experimental time.
Body image can cause the psychological impairment dysmorphophobia on adolescents. Dysmorphophobia also known as body dysmorphic disorder is described by Philips and Rogers (2011) as, “a distressing or impairing preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defect(s) in appearance.” According to Bolton (2010) usually the person with the disorder is continuously fixated with fixing or inspecting a portion of their body that they may feel is their biggest imperfection. This disorder mainly starts at early adolescence when individuals are starting to mature more physically. Due to society being so engrossed with the topic of image, many teenagers are developing this disorder and constantly try to fix themselves bases on what ma... ... middle of paper ... ...lly about their body image. The damages on the emphasis of body image cause psychological effects such as dysmorphophobia, eating disorders, and early sexual practices.
The traumatic events during childhood, such as, physical or emotional abuse, and the loss of a parent, may cause changes in the brain that makes a person more susceptible to depression (“Teen Depression”). Physical and emotional abuse is a main cause of trauma because the teen will not be able to trust anyone. Adolescence can be a very turbulent and difficult time, even for the well-adjusted teen. Teenagers with depression can have far-reaching implications, when young people suffer from or with emotional difficulties they aren’t sure how to manage (“10 Common Causes”). A physical abuse from a loved one or relationship has a lot of impact on a teen’s life.
There are various developmental issues faced during adolescence causes high levels of stress and anxiety in the youngsters. They undergo a sudden spurt in growth, experience hormonal changes and go through cognitive development. An individual usually faces a lot of challenges as he self discovers himself during this stage. However with a positive attitude and proper guidance, an adolescent will be able to develop into a successful young adult. This essay talks about the psychosocial troubles an adolescent faces and explains the reasons to some of the behaviours we may see in them.