Although botulinum toxin is a lethal toxin, it can be used as an effective and powerful medication by injecting minimum quantities of the toxin into overactive muscles. (Shipla) In 2002, Botulinum type A was approved and has since become a popular cosmetic treatment to help minimize the appearance of facial lines and wrinkles, along with the smoothing of skin for a younger appearance. (Botox: Beyond Cosmetic Fixes) The use of this type A Botulinum toxin is rapidly expanding to include a variety of treatments including ophthalmological disorders, gastrointestinal, urological, orthopedic, dermatological, secretory, painful and cosmetic disorders. (Jankovic) Botulinum toxin first gained clinical acceptance as a result of marked benefits it produced in patients with dystonia. This neurological disease involves chronic abnormal muscle posture and tension.
As we age there is no doubt that we like what we see in the mirror less and less. If Botox or other cosmetic procedures will improve your appearance, and ultimately your self-esteem I say go for it. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons website has an article written by Dr. Jaffer Khan explaining the history of Botox. Dr. Khan says “’BOTOX’ is short for Botulinum Toxin, which is produced by a bacterium called Clostridium Botulinum. It has been used since 1920, but was marketed commercially in 1997.
Ehrlich however was especially famous for his procedure called chemotherapy. This procedure was described as stained bacteria using Robert Koch's procedures. As he worked, he noted that the dye would not color bacteria unless it joined with bacteria's substances, which if it combined, the bacteria usually get killed. He proposed that if he is able to find a chemical or a dye that kills bacteria without harming humans, he could develop a heal that would be inserted into people to kill germs, thus curing the disease. He later discovered trypan red, a dye that cured a laboratory mouse from the sleeping sickness (Zimmerman, 2003).
About 2.5% children younger than 3 years old are allergic to milk. Most children will outgrow a milk allergy. Many do not realize that there is a difference between a milk allergy and being lactose intolerance. Food allergies involve the immune system while lactose intolerance involves a lack of th... ... middle of paper ... ... from the Greek word “alol” meaning “change in original state.” Gregg A. Minton published Breathing Space: How Allergens Shape Our Lives and Landscapes. In his book he describes the first two antihistamines in 1948, Benadryl and Pryibenzamine, to hit the market.
Botox can lead to allergic reactions or a fatal illness. Although Botox can be dangerous, many people use Botox and it does get rid of facial lines and wrinkles. Before reading about the dangers of Botox, I think it would be best if you learn about what Botox is. Botulinum toxin (BTX), better known as Botox, is a neurotoxic protein that is produced by bacterium Clostridium botulinum and a related species. The toxin is used in medicine,
However, not all military staff members followed the proper protocol. In recent years, the heads of injectors used during Vietnam were tested, and they were found to contain just enough traces of blood to transmit HCV (Dominitz et al., 2005). International Liver disease is the fifth largest cause of death in the UK. The main causes of liver disease are alcohol abuse, obesity and viral hepatitis. The health protection Agency (hpA) estimates that there are about 216,000 hepatitis C-positive people in the UK, however, only 85,000 people in England have been diagnosed and around 27,500 have received tr... ... middle of paper ... ...sonal The prognosis for hepatitis C seems to be very good.
Additionally, a new antibiotic class has been discovered, called Neoglycosides. The only antibiotic in this class is Plazomicin, a new compound th... ... middle of paper ... ...tuberculosis. For example, the original rifamycins were modified, and the results are the most potent drugs for Tuberculosis and function well even today (Nguyen, 2012). Using bacteriophages to kill antibiotic resistant bacteria is an extremely viable method. Currently, a company called Intralytix has developed bacteriophages that specifically target antibiotic resistant bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and E. coli.
In 1977, saccharin was banned in Canada, but it has been kept on the market in the United States (“Saccharin”, 2000). It may be legal in the United States, but warning labels are necessary on saccharin-containing foods (“Saccharin”, 2000). In 1997, a group of scientists urged the federal agency to keep the artificial on its list of cancer-causing agents (CSPI, 1997). The National Toxicology Program, NTP, said that declaring saccharin sage would, “result in greater exposure to this probable carcinogen in tens of millions of people… If saccharin is even a weak carcinogen, this unnecessary additive would pose an intolerable risk to the public,” (CSPI, 1997). They felt that even if it is weak, it still is a carcinogen.
According to an article titled ‘super toothpaste’ by W. F Lee (Prevention magazine, Dec 97, p67) it is said, ‘Make room fluoride. A new toothpaste is coming and it promises to strike the kind of blow to gingivitis that made fluoride famous for fighting cavities. The key ingredient Triclosan is a common antimicrobial agent already in wide use in products such as antibacterial soap. Scientists think Triclosan may reduce gingivitis by inhibiting the growth of plaque causing bacteria. In a major study submitted to the FDA, the new Triclosan-fluoride paste (sold as Colgate total) performed significantly better than standard fluoride only toothpaste in helping to prevent plaque, tartar and gingivitis.
Botox, get ready for this eyebrow raiser, can alleviate depression. In the largest controlled study to date on the effects of Botox on depression, Finzi and Rosenthal (2014) randomly assigned 74 patients with major depressive disorder to either receive Botox or saline placebo injections to their corrugator and procerus muscles. The corrugator and procerus muscles, which lie between the eyebrows, are the muscles that contract when a person frowns. When Botox is injected into these muscles it acts like a tiny poison dart that temporarily stops chemical nerve signals from being sent to those muscles, thereby paralyzing them. By paralyzing the “frown muscles,” the Botox inhibits frown facial expressions (Singer, 2009).