Attention, distraction and reaction time at age 7 years and prenatal alcohol exposure. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 8(6), 717-725. Streissguth, A.P., Grant, T.M., & Ernst, C.C. (1999). Intervention with high-risk alcohol and drug abusing mothers: II.
This sometimes causes the baby to suffer lifelong damage. Certain people are genetically predisposed to be vulnerable to alcohol; this may increase the effects of drinking alcohol on the fetus. Also drinking large amounts of alcohol combined with lack of nutrients can also make the unborn child severely malnourished. This leads to the fetus being more susceptible to the effects of alcohol as it tries to get its nutrients from the alcohol. The dangers of Feta... ... middle of paper ... ...FAS: “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Birth Defects.” Web.
Heroin and cocaine are some of the most common drugs being abused, and they both have short and long term effects other than withdrawal symptoms: Such as ph... ... middle of paper ... ...rs saying that she was being charged for fetal assault and now was being taken to prison. Although not every child born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome was intentionally put at risk by the mother, it is understandable that the law should conduct more tests to determine the mother’s outcome. If a child is born with NAS and his or her toxic screen came back positive for a drug, the mother should face a penalty. Doctors should have the right to inform the mother of the consequences the child might face if she takes some drugs even if they are prescribed by a doctor. Then the mother should make her own decision regarding her drug consumption.
Increasing numbers of women are abusing drugs during pregnancy and thus endangering the well-being and lives of their children as well as themselves. The spreading abuse of phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, and cocaine's potent form "crack," added to the more well-known addictive narcotics such as heroin, has intensified concerns about the implications of maternal drug use for unborn children. Some harmful effects are generally recognized. Cocaine use, for example, increases risk of hemorrhage and premature delivery, threatening the lives of mother and child. Babies exposed to narcotics in the womb are frequently born addicted, and the misery they suffer from withdrawal makes them difficult to care for, creating special demands on mothers who are often unable to take care of their children adequately.
(8) Multiple Authors, Fluoxetine in Children and Adolescents with OCD: A Placebo Controlled Trial. Journal of Academic Child Adolescence Psychiatry, 41:12, 1431-1438. December 2002. (9) Lippincott/Williams & Wilkins, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry., Retrieved April 2005. (10) Barrett, Paula, Healy-Farrell, Lara, March, John.
The actual figures may be higher. '(Poisoned in the womb, p.53) The baby can be born with a lot of different kinds of birth defects. Women, who drink very heavily during their pregnancy, have babies that are born with Fetus Alcohol Syndrome. Drinking alcohol can lead to the baby's slow brain development, mental retardation, face deformities, and even death. 'Premature birth was associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
A sedative, thalidomide, was being taken by mothers anywhere from 4 to 6 weeks after conception. It was learned that thalidomide caused deformities of the embryo’s arms and legs, and damage to the ears, heart, kidneys, and genitals. When children were exposed to thalidomide during pregnancy, many score below average on intelligence tests. Thoughts conclude that the drug could have damaged the central nervous system of the child directly. Also, diethylstilbestrol (DES) which is considered a synthetic hormone, was prescribed to women to prevent miscarriages during pregnancy.
In addition, this paper discusses how Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome is diagnosed and the how the Finnegan neonatal scoring system is used to help physicians determine the severity of NAS in each newborn. Lastly, this paper explains the treatment for NAS and the important roles of the nurse when caring for a newborn with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems a newborn experiences when exposed to addictive drugs that the mother consumes during pregnancy. NAS is a growing concern in the United States and can have significant adverse effects on newborns. Shortly after birth the infant can display many physical symptoms of withdrawal.
Handler, A., Kristin, N., Davis, F., & Ferre, C. (1991). Cocaine use during pregnancy: Perinatal outcome. American Journal of Epidemiology, 133, 818-825. Jaffe, J. H. (1975). Drug addiction and drug abuse.
The impact of alcohol use during pregnancy on maternal responses after birth. Archives Of Women's Mental Health, 15(6), 433-443. doi:10.1007/s00737-012-0305-z SAMHSA (September 9, 2013). NSDUH-18 percent of women drink alcohol during early pregnacy. Retrieved January 30, 2014 Slotkin TA. Maternal Smoking and Conduct Disorder in the Offspring.