An organization should develop an initial agreement prior to embarking on strategic planning. This process is essentially crucial because it outlines a clear understanding among key internal and external decision makers and leaders concerning the overall planning efforts of the organization. Now, what is strategic planning? Strategic planning is a process that redefines and strengthens the values, purpose, vision, mission, goals and objectives of an organization. The planning process an organization undergoes helps identify the outcomes it wants to achieve through its programs and the specific means by which it intends to achieve them.
The team members need to reassess the plan at each and every phase of the project. Executing Process (Schwalbe, 2014): In executing phase the actions are done based on the demand of planning process. The project manager need to concentrate on executing phase along with the planning phase. The quality of the product need to be checked and also need to manage the stakeholders. Monitoring and controlling Process (Schwalbe, 2014): The project manager need to monitor the project team from beginning of the project to the end of the project need to verify if any issues to be solved and also need to check whether the objective needs are being met or not.
Risk management is a process through which a project manager and team predicts risks, estimates impacts of these risks on the project, and describe reactions to these issues. This process usually involves the preparation of a risk management plan or outline in order to accomplish these goals. In attempts to avoid the evaluation becoming stale and failure to reflect actual probable risks of the project, risk management plans should be reviewed periodically by the project team. Project Schedule: One of the most important aspects to consider when developing a project schedule is all the work that needs to be completed. The need to identify the tasks to be completed before developing the project schedule is because the schedule should reflect all these tasks and their expected delivery time.
It is important in the planning stages of a project that the specifications of the stakeholder’s requirements be stated in writing. This ensures the “conformance to requirements”, and “fitness for use” objectives are met and the resulting product can be used as intended (Schwalbe 2014, pg.
This also acts as guidance to staffs, which provides the staffs the sense of direction of the organisation. The Performance targets are set/ compare against previous past performances achievement. In order for performance target to be attained, it must be realistic and achievable. Mann (2002) suggested that the key to long term success is having and communicating a clear vision, mission and strategy. Target setting must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bound with acronym; SMART.
Entering and contracting Entering and contracting are the initial steps taken in the OD process, and is considered by many as one the most important steps of the process. The entering and contracting step will be utilized to set the pace and lay the foundation for the practitioner client relationship. They involve a preliminary evaluation of the organization’s opportunities for development, while establishing a collaborative relationship between the OD practitioner and the members of the client system. A major component of entering and contracting is to make a good decision about how to carry out the OD process. The contract allows the parties involved to explicitly set the direction of the project and how the process will take place.
At the portfolio level (different programs and projects), the management should categorize the portfolio in terms of the goal to achieve and also the people involved in the implementation of the project. This means the project manager should have a clear layout of the people involved in the different programs and projects and assign them, specific goals which they should achieve. At the program level, each program should have a leader, the team working under the program leader and the structure processes. The team leader at the different programs should identify whether there is the need for a subcontracting, this shall depend on the vast nature of the program, expected time of completion and the returns
A leader must have range of skills, strategies and techniques which will allow planning of strong communication, interpersonal skills and awareness of the wider environment to be applied within which team will operate. Awareness of the organization vision provides direction that must be followed by employees within the organization. A leader should be required to provide organisational meaning and purpose of a team by creating a vision, setting practical objectives and communicating the organisational vision. The organisational sheared vision must be inspired by involving team in setting objectives and communicating progress and celebrating achievements. Teams environment must ... ... middle of paper ... ...ting priority on team member and helping employees understand sufficient organizational values to help them decide better.
DESIGNING PHASE 1. Design Coordination and Consultation The project manager will responsible in assisting and coordinating the entire process in design from the review of conceptual designs amid development to providing recommendation of any alternative solutions whenever design details would possibly affect the construction feasibility. He will also advise on site use and improvements, selection of materials, building systems and equipment. From this, he will give his recommendations on relative construction feasibility. This includes various constraints such as the availability of materials and labor, estimated time for installation and construction and most importantly the cost for the project.
A construction project has set tasks, to be done by certain people and to be done by a certain time. A Project Manager will be managing all the workers, the costs and time to ensure the project runs fluently. The management of said factors will help ensure the project commences, progresses and concludes within its limits. The Project Manager will use a certain methodology to what he thinks is best for the current project he is working on. The benefit of a methodology is that it guides you through the project life cycle in depth, so you can acknowledge which tasks need to be done, when they need to be done and how they need to be done.