In the next year Stalin, in a memorandum to aides, wrote about opening a second front in Europe. After Churchill declared the organization of another front impossible and the US supported him, Stalin expressed his intent to do so and said Churchill’s stance was a “moral blow” to the Soviet Union (Document B). After the war, The US and the Soviet Union developed into enemies as the common ground disappeared and the US criticized the Soviet Union’s policies. In Our Russian Ally (1945), Vera Micheles Dean discusses the differences between the two countries with opposite governmental ideals. She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H).
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Leading up until the invasion of Poland 1939, no policy leader, although France had a better idea than Britain, knew what Hitler’s objectives were and perceived that once Germany had reclaimed what it had lost under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany would end its annexation, it was not understand in the lead up years that Germany desired to dominate Europe. Morality played a significant part in the adoption of appeasement in 1938. Although the Treaty of Versailles was at first seen as just, at a later date many in Britain perceived the treaty as immoral and as a way for France to cripple Germany. Not only did this create Franco phobia in Britain but it also created a pro-German stance across Britain for instance religious groups at first saw the treaty as fair but ultimately saw it as unchristian. Therefore, not only did it lessen the ties between Britain and France on a moral standing but it also allowed Britain to rationalise that the fascist Germany was only trying to regain what was lost in the treaty and at the same time safeguard themselves against economic depressions.
The massive competition between United States and the Soviet Union was both inversely proportionated as redundant, which means that both nations were claiming the expansion of the other while they expanded themselves. United States claimed that the Soviet Union was spreading Communism among world’s nations while the Soviet Union was arguing American intervention in other country´s affairs in order to promote its imperialism. In 1947, United States and the Soviet Union did not just declared the beginning of the Cold War, au contraire, they declared the creation of a new world order at which countries had to be aligned with one or the other. Neutrality was practically impossible, especially for those nations who took advantage of European weakness in order to declare their path to independence. The overriding concern in Washington and Moscow was maximizing their influence in Europe, but at the same time they started to look far beyond European countries to recruit new friends and establish strategic alliances.
The US believed in personal freedom while the Soviet society was controlled by the NKVD (secret police). (http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/coldwar.htm) Although the United States and Soviet Union were allies during World War Two they were soon faced with many opposing views soon after the war ended. Joseph Stalin the leader of the Soviet Union had wanted to gain complete control of Eastern Europe most importantly Germany and make it a communist society. Here in the US Truman started to worry about the spread of communism in Eastern Europe. The anticipation of the spread of communism was concerning Truman as if it did proceed to happen it would be greatly affecting the United States economy.
United states still had worries as it wanted to make a strong, free market- oriented Europe, which was Capitalist. During and after World war two, there were signs of mistrust between Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States. The idea for the soviets was to create communist buffer between them and Germany, but US saw it differently and it looked that communism kept expanding. In the spring of 1945 the Soviets started to install compliant governments in the eastern parts of Europe, thus violating the promises made of democratic election during the Yalta Conference. On May 12, 1945, the British Prime minister, Winston Churchill, sent a telegram to President Truman stating, “What is to happen about Europe?
The principles of Wilson were not viewed as they should in Europe, the American president suffered because he did not promise one thing that everyone was expecting: immediate peace. Lenin’s view, on the other hand, was widely accepted at the time. Both Wilson and Lenin were internationalists and radical democrats of the time. The diplomatic challenge was the social and economic challenge directed to the old Europe by two sides: the radical liberalism by Wilson and the radical social democracy by Lenin. After the treaty of Brest- Litovsk revealed the subordinate position of the Bolshevik regime toward Germany, the situation changed.
However, Western Europe was influenced by the United States (making us on their side) therefore receiving better treatment. The West and the Eastern bloc were very different socially as well as economically, yet bared some of the same aspects. The Marshall Plan was the United States sponsored program designed to rehabilitate the countries of Europe that suffered the incredibly damaging consequences after World War II. Western Europe’s real attitude toward economic union came about when they avoided discussion of a European free trade area, offered to them as an alternative in the Marshall Plan (Rebuilding Europe After World War II). When communist forces took over Czechoslovakia in 1948, the United States Congress realized the seriousness of the Soviet threat to European democracy.
However, it was unimpacted by the Treaty of Versailles. In fact, the Great Depression originated in the United States, which did not even sign the Treaty of Versailles. It may not be clear why the Great Depression, which began in and most impacted the United States, caused Germany, and not more negat... ... middle of paper ... ...reaty, caused one of the most important parts of the war. Furthermore, the conditions that allowed for a fascist ruler to take control in Germany would have been in place if the treaty had not been signed, or had been less harsh on Germany. It is important to understand the causes of WWII because the war was a dominating part of the late 1930’s and 1940’s, and because the war laid the groundwork for the cold war.
Near the end of World War II, both countries saw the other one as a threat. Although they were Allies during the war, the idea of power and the flipside, the threat of power divided them and they became enemies. The Soviets wanted a buffer zone between themselves and the West in case of an invasion. Having control over their satellite states, a ‘Iron Curtain’ was created between them and the superpowers to the West to protect them. The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system.