The Dayton Accords

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The death of the Marshal Josip Broz Tito in 1980, led to a major political transition of Yugoslavia. By taking the Presidency of Serbia in 1987, Milosevic began to pursue authority over Yugoslavian Federation, thus encouraging a different style of rule, the ultra-nationalistic tendency, and advocating for “incendiary Nationalism” towards other ethnic groups and nations of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Simon and Smale). The shift from the Tito’s social-communist ideology to the Serbian-centered nationalism of Milosevic created an unequal representation on the Federal level of the six constituent Socialist Republics and two Socialist Autonomous, thus, as a result of the rise of ethnic nationalism, the violation of human and minority rights within the Federation trigged a spark for rebellion among ethnic groups. The rise of ethnic nationalism, and the failed transformation from a Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to a Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990’s, which is mainly attributed to the military supremacy of Milosevic, led to wide-spread ethnic conflicts within the Federation. Despites the European Community and the U.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker III initiative to forestall the country`s breakup, in June 1991 Croatia and Slovenia proclaimed themselves “independent and sovereign” states, bringing so an end to a long-lasting conflict between the two ethnic groups in Croatia, the Croats and the Serbs, and a new beginning to end the Yugoslav era (Chicago Tribune). Shortly afterwards, Macedonia (also known as FYROM) followed Croatia decision with a peaceful settlement with the Federal Government. While the first three Republics got their independence from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in one way or a... ... middle of paper ... ...-serb-allies>. Sciolino, Elaine. "BALKAN ACCORD: THE OVERVIEW;ACCORD REACHED TO END THE WAR IN BOSNIA; CLINTON PLEDGES U.S. TROOPS TO KEEP PEACE." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Nov. 1995. Web. 17 Dec. 2013. . Simms, Brendan, and Norman Cigar. "Genocide in Bosnia. The Policy of ‘ethnic Cleansing’. By Cigar Norman. College Station, Texas: Texas A.& M. University Press. Pp. 247 Xiv. £22.95." The Historical Journal 39.02 (1996): 574. Print. Smale, Marlise Simons And Alison. "Slobodan Milosevic, 64, Former Yugoslav Leader Accused of War Crimes, Dies." The New York Times. The New York Times, 12 Mar. 2006. Web. .
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