The Armenian genocide was a systematic eradication of the Armenian population who lived under the Ottoman government. The genocide took place before and after World War I and it was set out in two phases. The first phase was to kill all able bodied men by massacre and forced labor. The second phase was to deport women, children, and the elderly and make them walk through the Syrian Desert in which a lot of people died from lack of food, water and the climate. The total population that had died was between one and one and a half million. Despite the high death rates, Turkey still denies the Armenian genocide took place. The evidence that the genocide took place is that one and a half million of Armenians died, the Armenian genocide is documented in national archives of many nations, and lastly, many countries have recognized the Armenian genocide, Turkey being an obvious exception. No country wants to admit horrendous crimes committed against humanity such as genocide. It will leave a bad impression and create shame for the country as long as history remains.
The Armenian genocide began in 1914 right when World War I was happening. It targeted the Armenian people of the Ottoman Empire; this is because the Armenian people follow the religion of Christianity, while people in the Ottoman Empire/Turkey area were Muslims (Rouben 1). The Ottoman Empire is located in t...
The Armenian Genocide was the first of many deadly genocides during the early 1900s. It started because of the Islamic Ottoman Turks’ continuous hatred of the Christian Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. The Armenians revolted in the hopes of a new Armenia, but they were sent out of the Ottoman Empire. Some of the Armenians stayed inside of the Empire because their lack of involvement in the battles themselves, but the Turks thought they were disobeying orders. The Turks began to round up the Armenians and started a mass slaughter. (Genocide1915.info)
The Armenian Genocide was the mass murdering of about 1.5 million Armenians during World War I. The Turkish government denies this genocide and manages to keep it from the people. The Turkish government has scapegoated the Armenians, exterminated them by starvation, death marches, and other ways, and has failed to consider the Armenian Genocide a genocide even though there was intent to destroy the minority populations and culture, which resulted in the death of over 1 million Armenians.
The Armenian Genocide can be labelled as a very controversial topic. Many people argue that the massacre of Armenians was considered a genocide. On the other hand, an abundance of people along with the Turks deny the event to be a genocide even till this day. The Turkish government deliberately had an intent to isolate and destroy the Armenians. They had an organized plan to carry out the killings and the acts of the Turkish government can be considered as the destruction of Armenians, not just the killings of them. The mass murder of this specific group of people during World War One should be identified as a genocide not only in this course but around the world as well.
During the 15th century, Armenia had been taken over by the Ottoman Empire. The leaders of the Ottoman Empire were Muslim and the Armenian population were Christian. Due to this fact, the Turks viewed the Armenians as “infidels” (Adalian). They treated them unequally by creating laws that made life harder for them. On April 24, 1915, the Turkish government planned systematic decimation thus beginning the Armenian genocide (HISTORY). On that day alone, it is estimated that about 700 Armenians were arrested and massacred (Adalian). Until 1923 when the Ottoman Empire was replaced with the Republic of Turkey, it is said that an estimated 1.5 million Armenians were killed by brutal massacres, death walks, and concentration camps while many more were inhumanly deported (HISTORY). An Armenian population that once started at an estimate of about 2 million was now cut down to 388,000 (HISTORY). Although this massive massacre falls under genocide in many peoples’ eyes the Turkish government denies to classify their act as genocide. Even till this day, the Turkish government has made it illegal to discuss the events of that period of history.
Why was the Armenian Genocide Forgotten? GENOCIDE By definition genocide is the organized killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence (Webster's dictionary). As a rule, the organizing agent is the nation, the victim population is a domestic minority, and the end result is the near total death of a society. The Armenian genocide generally conforms to this simple definition. FORGOTTEN The Armenian genocide is a hidden, almost lost part of world history, pretty much eclipsed by the more publicized genocide of the twentieth century, the Holocaust. The question is why. I could take a poll of this room and I am willing to bet that 95% of the students have ever even heard of the Armenian Genocide and those who have couldn't tell me more than a couple sentences about it. This is pretty scary, considering the statistics of the Armenian Genocide. OTTOMAN EMPIRE The Ottoman Empire was ruled by the Turks who had conquered the land from across West Asia, North Africa to Southeast Europe. The Ottoman government was based in Istanbul and was headed by a sultan who was given absolute power. The Turks were Islamic and were a harsh disciplinary civilization. The Armenians, a Christian minority, lived as second class citizens subject to legal restrictions (Graber 119). These restrictions denied them normal safeguards. Neither their lives nor their properties were guaranteed security. As non-Muslims they were also obligated to pay discriminatory taxes and denied participation in government. In its prime of the sixteenth century the Ottoman Empire was a powerful state.
The Armenian people have made their home in the Caucasus region of Eurasia for over three thousand years. For some of that time, the kingdom of Armenia was an independent entity, for instance, it became the first nation in the world to make Christianity its official religion. However, over the centuries many great powers rose and fell over the Armenian community, but despite the constant invasions, Armenian culture and pride continued to prosper. This was, until the 11th century, when the first Turkish invasion of Armenian land took place. This led to several hundred years of rule by Muslim Turks, and by the 16th century Armenia had become a part of the Islamic Ottoman Empire. The Armenians lived as second class citizens under Turkish rule, being the Christian minority, and were seen as infidels. They were viewed as a problem by the Muslim Turk rulers, which is what led to the Armenian genocide. The Armenian race experienced the first systematic genocide of the twentieth century. The Genocide took place when approximately 1.5 million Armenians living in Turkey were eliminated from their homeland through forced deportations and massacred between 1915 and 1918. The reason for the Armenian genocide was cultural tension between the Armenians and Turks, the rise of Turkish nationalism and the outbreak of war.
“Armed roundups began on the evening of April 24, 1915, as 300 Armenian political leaders, educators, writers, clergy and dignitaries in Constantinople (present day Istanbul) were taken from their homes, briefly jailed and tortured, then hanged or shot (United Human Rights Council).” That was the ending of some of the thousands upon thousands of lives lost during the Armenian genocide. Some say this genocide never was an actual genocide, but when that many people die I don’t know how it can’t be considered one. Some of the deaths where slow and dragged on until the victim’s body could no longer take it, while others where quick and easy. This is the Armenian Genocide.
The Armenian Genocide is a byproduct of tensions and clashes between the Turks and Armenians fueled by their ethnic and religious differences. For three thousand years, the Armenians thrived in Anatolia, an area where it stood as the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. With its geographical advantage, the Armenian culture prospered along with the flourishing inventions and art. However by 16th century, Armenia was absorbed into the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was ruled by the Muslim Turks, governed by the Muslim sultan. Due to the religious difference, the Armenians, a Christian minority, were forced to live as second class citizens who were subjected to legal restrictions. The legal restrictions, which denied equal treatment of the Armenians such as discriminatory taxes and restricted participation in the Ottoman government implanted raging anger in Armenians. Despite such harsh situation, Armenians were generally better educated...
When people hear genocide they normally think of the Holocaust which was the persecution of Jews by the Nazi’s. This took place under Adolf Hitler’s rule but there have been other genocides throughout history. The Armenian Genocide is one of the many that have taken place. It took place in the Ottoman Empire between the years of 1914 to 1918 (“Armenian” Armenian). It started when the “Young Turks” took control of the government (Beecroft). The Holocaust and Armenian genocide are similar in the reasons that started them, but they are different in who was involved and how the two genocides were executed.
On April 24, 1915 the Armenian genocide began. 1 million and 5 hundred-thousand people got killed because of Turkish government. Many of them got raped, enslaved and murdered. For instance, they drowned people in rivers, burned them alive, executed and etc. They also kidnapped children and sent to Turkish families. In many places, Turkish people rapped and used Armenian women as a slave. “The Armenians marched by Turkish soldiers” picture in “artvoice.com” website shows the Armenians nearby prison in Mezierh by armed Turkish soldiers. Also only 25% Armenians deported to the deserts of Syria and Iraq. After the war between Armenian and Turks, only 380’000 Armenian remained in the Ottoman Empire. In June 1915, 25 percent of the Armenian population was deported t...
Mazian, F. (1990). Why genocide? The Armenian and Jewish experiences in perspective. United States: Iowa State University Press.
In Turkey, in the spring of 1915, what had started as disorganized killings rooted in religious intolerance, escalated into the wholesale genocide of the Armenian people, sanctioned by policies created by the government of the Young Turks. By the time the Ottoman Empire had fallen in 1923, nearly seventy five percent of Armenians had been killed or forcibly relocated. The result was the near extermination of a race of people with a history extending back nearly 3,000 years.