They even elected their own president, Jefferson Davis. Jefferson Davis wanted to secede from the Union peacefully, but the problem of federal property arose. Forts were federal property, but the South would not give them up easily. Since the Harpers Ferry raid, Southern states began to prepare for battle knowing that there was much tension between the North and South. They saw that the North would do anything to get rid of slavery.
However, despite having the cold Civil War in the 1860s, all the effort to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in vain. Although the North were advance than the South and were to defeat them in the war, they had in reality lost. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened North and had re-enslaved the African American. After the Civil war, the American government had passed many amendments to insure the rights of African American but all went in vain, as the South did not follow them. Document A shows that Amendment XIII, which was passed in 1865 right after the Civil War, prohibited the use of slavery within the US.
Gradually as the year grew on, the downfall of the African Ame... ... middle of paper ... ...ssed. Separately southerners conclude movement toward disunion but are angered by Northern resistance to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act. Northerners are upset about possible growth of slavery in the Southwest and the stronger fugitive slave law that asks all U.S. citizens to help return the slaves that try to escape. As events happen, California strategically sends a group of pro-slavery Representatives and Senators to Congress until the beginning of the Civil War. In conclusion, the union, a group of twenty three states, mainly wanted the abolishment of slavery and retain the Confederate states from taking control of the nation.
During this election, Lincoln became the first Republican president, vowing to abolish slavery. Lincoln winning presidency gave the South a huge disadvantage, slavery was vital to the Southern economy, so this posed a great threat to the South. Immediately after the election, seven southern states seceded from the Union to form a new nation called the Confederate States of America. Lincoln, of course, attempted to avoid disunion, but failed miserably. Therefore, within the first months of his presidency, the Nation was engaged in war.
“If anything, the opposition was more powerful and effective in the North than in the South.” (Why Did the Confederacy Lose?, pg 120) However the powerful opposition in the North w... ... middle of paper ... ...t and see it as a way to get rid of the moral burden of slavery. The conservative stands Lincoln originally held were broken with the Emancipation Proclamation, causing a massive internal struggle in the South to bring them down. This is why the North had already won to the extent of Lincoln’s conservative political stands. “Having taken an oath to preserve and defend the Constitution, which protected slavery, “I did not consider that I had a right to touch the ‘State’ institution of ‘Slavery’ until all other measures for restoring the Union had failed….”” (Who Freed The Slaves, pg 203) The attrition strategy was halted with the mental conversion of the war being a moral war and the internal divisions in the South would finally clinch victory for the North. However all other advantages were possessed by the North and therefore the North had won the Civil War before it began to the extent of Lincoln’s conservative political stands.
Then in early 1863 Lincoln passd the Emacipation Proclamation this stated that all slaves in the south were free and were welcome in the north. The north hope this would bring African American workers north and they would fight the war with the north. Another leading cause of the war was the election of president Lincoln he won the election but did not get a single electoral vote from the south. Lincoln was a strong abolishionist and he thought that if slavery was going to stay it should not be allowed in any new states joining the union. This angered the south and they felt that they had not been fairly represented in the election.
Radical Republicans feared that black suffrage might be revoked in the future, so they decided to amend the Constitution to solidify this right. They also believed that giving blacks the right to vote would weaken southern elites, who had regained political power in the South. In 1869, therefore, Congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment, granting all American males the right to vote. Congress also required secessionist states that had not yet reentered the Union to ratify the amendment in order to rejoin. By 1870, three-quarters of the Union had ratified the amendment, and it became law.
Basically, many people had changed their minds because of the turn the war had taken, the Union victory was almost inevitable by now and arming slaves was the Confederacy’s last hope. Once Congress, hopefully, passed the plan, they had to gain the support of the plantation owners to give up their prize property. Finally, white soldiers would have to tolerate serving beside black troops. White soldiers would not place trust in black soldiers and would want to ensure domination over them. These were all significant hurdles the Davis Administration would face in obtaining slaves to
What many people don’t know is that the original intent of the Civil War was to preserve the Union. Many factors went into Lincoln’s decision to also address slavery through this war. For one, the number of men enlisting in the war was dwindling, and it became apparent that black manpower would be absolutely necessary to win the war. Also, the increasingly upset Radical Republicans and abolitionists let their opinions be known and persuaded the citizens of the North that the war could not be won without attacking the issue of slavery. Finally, Lincoln believed that transforming the dispute from a conflict to preserve the Union to a crusade against slavery would dissuade the threatening British and French from supporting the Confederacy.
They wanted the nation to succeed, but one side wanted it to be free for all people no matter the race, while the southern wanted to keep slaves. With these complete opposites ideas of thinking the southern states decided their only option was to separate from the Union. They split and this left the country confused. Confused about what was in store for the nation they had grown to love. It was no longer clear what they future held for American and it would take a couple of years to get the country moving down the path that leads to the world we live in today.