The Con-Artist Named Addiction By Sally Satel

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Andrea Studebaker ENG 1113 CRN 12896 November 2, 2015 Essay #3 Final Draft The Con-Artist Named Addiction Sally Satel, author of “Addiction Doesn’t Discriminate? Wrong,” leads us down a harrowing path of the causes and effects that lead people to addiction. It can be a choice, possibly subconscious, or a condition that leads a person left fighting a lifelong battle they did not intend to sign up for. Mental and emotional health/conditions, personality traits, attitudes, values, behaviors, choices, and perceived rewards are just a few of the supposed causes of becoming an addict. Satel tells us, “While theoretically anyone can become an addict, it is more likely the fate of some” (1). Amongst those in that category are women who were …show more content…

The most common contributors are bipolar disease and depression. They alter the way beings think and lower inhibitions. Drugs may even help them cope with their inability to change the way they were born. While Satel tells us that these conditions heighten the probability of usage, her statement seems to be somewhat of a base-rate fallacy. The prior probability does not appear to be taken into account. It is very possible that those meeting these standards may have had many other traits in play that could have contributed to their risk of …show more content…

Satel says, “Addiction does indeed discriminate, it chooses those who are bad at delaying gratification” (2). Those who simply cannot resist the instant relief or euphoria are more likely to become addicts. Addiction also preys on those who do not possess the proper skills for gauging consequences. Those suffering from this trait are unable to look ahead at the true horror that awaits them at the end of the long dark tunnel. Another trait that increases the risk of addiction is impulsivity. Impulsive people have issues controlling themselves, and they often make quick decisions that were not through. Impulsivity characteristics often go hand in hand with the previously stated traits, making it one of the hardest to overcome. While personality traits may be genetic or just how we are predisposed, drug use often alters ones entire being, including these traits. So, who is to say if the traits listed above were not birthed from the very womb of drug use itself. Satel also says,“attitudes, values and behaviors play a potent role as well” (1), then proceeds to tell us a story about two very similar men. They both try cocaine for the first time, one asks for more, while the other walks away never touching it again. Here she implies that the one who asked for more is at risk for a problem, based solely on that fact. This is yet another base-rate fallacy. She neglects to pay attention to the prior probability

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