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Several studies have been done to try to determine what makes someone go from using a drug once experimentally to becoming a drug addict. One of the most popular theories was created by Inaba and Cohen that is called the Biopsychosocial Theory. This theory takes many different factors in hand to try to explain further how a drug addiction has been influenced using three different factors, heredity, environment, and the use of psychoactive drugs (Inaba and Cohen 75). It has been found that the “intial structure and chemistry of the nervous system” is passed down through many generations and that “behaviors seem to have an inheritable component (Inaba and Cohen 76). This shows that certain actions that are associated with drugs, gambeling, etc can be influenced by addictive behaviors that were prevalent generations ago. Environment plays a huge factor in determining how drug addiction will affect a person, family dynamics, age, race, peer pressure, and tragedy are reasons someone may feel compelled to use which could lead to later continual drug abuse. Lastly, the use of psychoactive drugs plays an essential part in turning an experimental phase into a full blown drug addiction. Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), more commonly known under its street name as Ecstasy, is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. History MDMA was discovered at the end of the 19th century when the German company Merck was interested in developing substances to stop abnormal bleeding. The scientists of Merck discovered a plant that contained the important compound hydrastinine, however it became rarer to find; therefore, Merck was interested in looking for alter... ... middle of paper ... ...imited on the street until the end of the 1970s. But it wasn t until around the early 1980s that MDMA showed up in trendy nightclubs, and it came around as a common drug of choice in the Dallas area under the name of Adam. From there, the drug spread to rave clubs all around the country and then into mainstream society. It wasn t until the late 1980s that MDMA became known as Ecstasy . Upon the time when MDMA was being called Ecstasy, it was beginning of being widely used in portions of Europe such as the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands as an essential constituent of rave culture and its subculture music scenes. Ecstasy became widespread among young adult attending universities and, later, among teenagers in high schools. MDMA then became one of the four widely used illicit drugs in the United States, second only to cannabis for first-time users.

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