Today, these 19 countries make up the alliance, which may be looking to add new members. NATO was formed as an alliance in which all the members agreed to help each other defend themselves against outside threats. These main outside threats were the recently defeated Germany and the powerful Communist Soviet Union. An old saying by one of the early leaders of NATO says, “NATO exists to keep the Americans in, the Russians out and the Germans down.” The North Atlantic Treaty consists of a preamble and 14 articles. The preamble states the purpose of the treaty: to promote the common values of its members and to “unite their efforts for collective defense.” Article 1 calls for peaceful resolution of disputes.
Introduction In my essay I would like to examine the idea of Cold War being an inevitable event or an events which could have been avoided. The end of World War II was the key element, because it did created freshly minted world with the US and the USSR standing against each other as two superpowers trying to surpass one another. Another important factor was their nature, which I would like to examine more closely from the USSR point of view and of course from the US point of view. I consider understanding the nature of both countries vital in order to understand the whole meaning of the Cold War, because there is no clear definition whether the Cold War was an inevitable event or not. Both sides will blame each other for being responsible for the increased tension in Europe that lasted for more than 45 years, but the truth is there is no clear guilty party, it all depends on your point of view and in this essay, I will present my perspective and my opinion regarding this topic.
The Soviets were able to do this since Berlin was completely in Soviet-contr... ... middle of paper ... ...d that it could pull support from allies on short notice. It became the protector of it’s allies, and was called upon time and time again to protect Europe from the Russians (“The Berlin Blockade/Airlift”). After the Airlift, it was shown just how important Berlin was to the U.S. and it’s allies. It became a key source of information about the Russians which could help the western nations defeat their counterpart (“The Opening of the Intelligence War”). It became a centerpiece of the Cold War, and a symbol of the western powers and their contribution of aid to the healing European nations.
History of NATO and Policy Recommendations Towards NATO In this paper I will first explain the history of NATO and the United States policy towards it. I will then give three reasonable policy recommendations for the United States towards NATO. This is important because NATO is an organization with a very brief history but it has molded Europe and other countries and has made a safe-haven from war for the past five decades. NATO was spawn out of the Western countries of Europe fearing the expansion of the greedy, hungry Stalin of the Soviet Union which would directly lead to the expansion of communist governments. Also, “in 1949 most of the states of Europe were still enfeebled by wartime devastation, striving for economic recovery, attempting to reestablish shattered political institutions, resettle refugees and recover from the second major upheaval in 30 years.”1 After the second world war Stalin, of the Soviet Union, started to spread his communist government to many Eastern European countries fast.
NATO activities are no longer small only to Europe. In 2003, for the first time in its history, NATO took up peacekeeping activities outside of Europe by deploying troops in Afghanistan. "The North Atlantic treaty is a short document which expresses the practical resolutions and the idealism of the nations." (Ismay 12) The Warsaw Pact became the Soviet r... ... middle of paper ... ...ve had terrible consequences for the whole world. Finally, another thing that the creation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact accomplished was install a desire for territory and advantage in both sides.
Grieco (1995, p.21) states that CFSP was established under the 1991-1992 Maastricht Treaty and Common Security Defense Policy (CSDP) established in 1999-2000. Involvement in creating the policies has enabled them to shape the security policies adopted across Europe. In addition, both nations joine... ... middle of paper ... ...s for wartime military cooperation with the West during the Cold War, and why they withered over time. Diss. King's College London (University of London) :p.1-9 Tertrais, B., 2004, "The changing nature of military alliances."
[electronic resource] John Kent, ‘British Policy and the Origins of the Cold War’ in Melvyn P. Leffler and David S. Painter (eds.) The Origins of the Cold War. An International History (2002), 139-153. [electronic resource] John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know. Rethinking Cold War History (1997) (Esp.
King, Robert D. “English as the Official Language:The Problem of Multiple Cultures.” Current (Washington D.C.) July/August 1997:3-8. Mc Bee, Susanna. “A War Over Words.” U.S. News and World Report 6 October 1986:64. “Reagan Information Interchange, The.” Congress Acts to Make English our Official Language. 1999.http://www.reagan.com/HotTopics.main/HotMike/document- 8.5.1996.3.html (6 May 1999).
After World War II the Big Three decided at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, how the framework for a post-war settlement in Europe would be settled. They decided that Berlin, like the rest of Germany, would be divided into West and East Berlin. West Berlin thrived under Allied control and eventually in 1948, Stalin want the allies out of West Berlin. The US refused to comply and Stalin, in return, threatened West Berlin with starvation into submission. Around the clock airlift was required to keep West Berlin alive.
Introduction: The cessation of the Cold War has changed the nature of global politics. Although the termagant era of containment has concluded the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) continues to ensure an international defense cooperative essential to the national security interests of the United States. NATO also serves as means to preserve stability and propagate democratic values in the transatlantic arena. Article X of the North Atlantic Treaty states the any European nation that advances the provisions of the treaty and provides cooperative security can join NATO with the approval of existing member states. In recent years NATO has enlisted numerous nations that were formerly under the dominion of the Warsaw Pact.