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Gaddis, J.L. (2005), Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy, Oxford University Press. Sloan, S. (2005), NATO, the European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargain Challenged, Rowman & Letterfield, New York. Toje, A. (2008), America, the EU and Strategic Culture, Routledge, London and New York.
Central to the entire discipline of global politics after the Second World War, is the concept of European Integration. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Europe found itself in a state of economic devastation and with various problems to solve. Besides, the continent was soon to be divided into two major spheres of influence by the beginning of the Cold War. The Cold War was a constant state of political and military tension amongst powers in the Western Bloc (the United States) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies) (Judt, 2005, p.1). Soon after the beginning of the conflict, several treaties and institutions were established in order to create collaboration between Western European states.
From 1918 to 1944, Eastern Europe was dominated by great empires, such as the Habsburg and Ottoman empires, but almost overnight, that structure toppled, leaving a power vacuum. During the years between World War I and World War II, Eastern Europe looked to the West for a suc... ... middle of paper ... ...ge Anglo-Soviet relations and conceded much of Eastern Europe. However, it was beneficial to the British and the Americans to sacrifice the region because they needed evidence to define the Soviet Union and communism as the enemy. Soviet-backed communist expansion was not inevitable, but it was greatly aided by international factors and Eastern European domestic factors. Bibliography Ash, Timothy.
Works Cited Freeland, R.M. (1989) The Truman Doctrine and the Origins of McCarthyism: Foreign Policy, Domestic Policy, and Internal Security, 1946-48, New York: New York University Press. Gaddis, J.L. (2005) Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy During the Cold War, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Gellman, B.
Bibliography: Works Cited “America Versus Europe.” The Economist 24 April 1999: SN5-SN8. Proquest. Gutman Library, Philadelphia Univ. . Goldgeier, James M. “The U.S. Decision to enlarge NATO: How, When, Why, And What Next?” The Brookings Review 17.3 (1999): 18-21.
“Why Foreign Aid”. Manchester: Ayer Publishing, 1971. Holsti, K. J. “International Politics: A Framework of Analysis”. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc, 1983.
New York: Palgrave, p.119-129. Leigh-Pippard, H. (1995) Congress and US Military Aid to Britain: Interdependence and Dependence, 1949-56. 1st Edition. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Ovendale, R. (1998) Anglo-American Relations in the Twentieth Century.
Bibliography Kort, Michael G. The Cold War Brookfield, CN: The Millbrook Press, 1994 Walker, Martin. The cold War: A History New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 1993 Sharnik, John. Inside the Cold War: An Oral History New York, NY: Arbor House, 1987 Beschloss, Michael R. The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev 1960-1963 New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers, 1991 “Cold War” Microsoft Encarta. Funk & Wagnall’s Corp: n.p., 1993 Boyer, Paul and Stuckey, Sterling. “The Cold War” The American Nation Harcourt Bruce and Company: Austin, 1995 Lebow, Richard Ned and Gross, Janice Gross Stein.