The Cessation of Chinese Exploration

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China started exploration from 2nd century to 15th century. Historians have different explanations about exploration in China in terms of socio-economic, political and social values. In terms of socio-economic values, it was told to be for trade and to create allies. Political reason suggested their interest in showing off their power and wealth. Similarly, social cause showed their Knowledge about ocean-exploration, ship-building and an ambitious explorer as the main cause for exploration. Chinese nautical technology was more advanced than Europeans, so China should have done more international trade, colonized more land and expanded more territories than Europeans. It didn’t happen in history instead, China suddenly ceases exploration and Europeans took control over international market with expansion and colonization. I argue that it was not the lack of nautical technology that cease exploration in China instead centralized government and increased rivalry between Confucius and eunuchs played a prominent role in the cessation of Chinese Exploration. Nautical technology was not the obstacle for cessation of Chinese exploration because china had more advanced nautical technologies than Europe. China made an expedition advanced with nautical technology even before the legendary explorations of Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Ferdinand Magellan. The famous explorer Zheng He of Ming dynasty in China first sailed in the expedition named “Western Ocean” in 1405, commanding 62 ships with 27,800 crew members (Pletcher 10). Explorer Zhen He’s expedition would never been succeeded if there would be less advanced technologies because if all the crew members were divided among 62 ships then there would be around 448 people in each... ... middle of paper ... ...ith the advanced maritime technology of China which they utilized later to explore and colonize new territories. Even though Chinese expedition was stopped with some internal problems within China, it has great significance in the history because of it contribution in development of nautical technology. Works Cited Bosworth, Michael “China: Five Thousand Years of History and Civilization” City University of Hong Kong press Hucker, Charles “Governmental Organization of the Ming Dynasty” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 21, (Dec., 1958), pp. 1-66. Pletcher, Kenneth “The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan” Britannica Educational Publishing Yamashita, Michael “Zheng He: tracing the epic voyages of China's greatest explorer” White Star Publishers, Oct 17, 2006.
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