The Cause of Alzheimer's Disease

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This research paper examines one of the most feared human diseases, which is Alzheimer’s disease. In this research paper, the following topics are analyzed thoroughly: description of the disease, etiology and pathogenesis, pathophysiology, symptoms and signs, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, research, and medical glossary. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is known to be one of the most common forms of dementia. Dementia is a general term used to denote a wide variety range of symptoms linked with a decline in memory and cognitive skills, severe enough to hinder a person’s ability to carry out their normal day-to-day activities. (Alzheimer’s Association, n.d.). According to Alzheimer’s Association, Alzheimer’s disease accounts approximately 60 to 80 percent of all cases of dementia. (Markus MacGill, 2009) Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the brain, which slowly and inexorably destroys nerve cells, thereby causing memory loss and cognitive impairment. In the most severe case of Alzheimer’s disease, the patient loses all of their mental functioning and memory. Thus, Alzheimer’s disease mainly affects the brain and spread to the different parts of the brain that control coordination, walking, talking, etc. In 1906, a German physician by the name of Dr. Alois Alzheimer described Alzheimer’s disease. Dr. Alois Alzheimer had a female patient who was in her in fifties that suffered from mental illness. However, in 1906 the patient died and an autopsy was performed. In the autopsy, neuritic plaques were revealed around and outside the nerve cells in her brain. Within the nerve cells, there was a presence of neurofibrillary tangles, which is build-up of proteins that appear as part of a normal aging proc... ... middle of paper ... Latest Medication for Memory Loss | Alzheimer's Association. (n.d.). Retrieved from AlzOnline : Cholinesterase Inhibitors. (n.d.). Retrieved from About the brain. (n.d.). Retrieved from MacGill, M. (2014, April 22). "What is Alzheimer's disease? Causes, symptoms and treatment." Medical News Today. Retrieved from Crystal, H. (n.d.). Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - What is the prognosis of a person with Alzheimer's disease? - MedicineNet. Retrieved from
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