The Big Brother In George Orwell's 1984

Good Essays
George Orwell, in his novel 1984, depicts the horrifying results of a dictatorship called the Big Brother that controls and watches every aspect of a society on an individual level. Orwell incorporates character development with a smile, as he contrasts the protagonist’s childhood memories of London to a present city where houses resemble chicken houses. This depicts the mass poverty and dystopia London has become under the totalitarian regime of Big Brother also called the Party. At the same time, Orwell develops the character of Winston Smith, illuminating the manipulative effect the oppressive dictatorship has had on his memory, and as a result, his individuality. Orwell also uses metaphors of a sea bottom and monster to depict the culture…show more content…
The narrator allows us in Winston’s mind as he walks through the city streets “He felt as though he were he were wandering in the forests of the sea bottom, lost in a monstrous world where he himself was unimaginable. What certainty had he that a single human creature now living was on his side?” (pg.23). Orwell uses multiple metaphors in this passage, first, with Winston wandering the forests of a sea bottom representing his wandering of the London streets, and next, the monstrous world representing London under the regime, where he himself is complicit and therefore an unimaginable monster. The picture of a forest sea bottom cohesively connects with the decaying impoverished streets of London, and highlights that Winston is lost without hope. Through his compliance to Big Brother, Winston forms a hate for its manipulation of the past and society. As Winston slowly becomes aware to his lack of identity and how the Party is manipulating the past, he finds himself to be one of the monsters helping Big Brother. Orwell illuminates the oppressiveness of the city through the regime with a motif of isolation, from Winston wondering if anyone felt the way he did. The Party’s total control and ever watching eye creates a hopeless that Winston can ever find another person that feels that way he does toward the dictatorship. The motif of isolation connects with the metaphors of Winston being an unimaginable monster lost in a sea bottom forest because of the culture of fear the regime has created. The culture of fear is created by society’s compliance to the party and everyone being a monster. Big Brother outlaws and punishes any form of rebellion even thought, and as a result, Winston does not know whom he can trust. Orwell intentionally creates this culture of fear to stress
Get Access