The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

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The engineering of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is entirely new, yet genetics, as

a field of science, has fascinated mankind for over 2,000 years. Man has always

tried to bend nature around his will through selective breeding and other forms

of practical genetics. Today, scientists have a greater understanding of

genetics and its role in living organisms. Unfortunately, some people are

trying to stop further studies in genetics, but the research being conducted

today will serve to better mankind tomorrow. Among many benefits of genetic

engineering are the several cures being developed for presently incurable

diseases. Genetics has also opened the door way to biological solutions for

world problems, as well as aid for body malfunctions. Genetic engineering is a

fundamental tool for leading the world of medicine into the future; therefore,

it is crucial to continue research in this field.

Today's research in genetic engineering is bringing about new methods for curing

and treating major medical illnesses. The Human Genome Project has allowed

geneticists to map the genes of human beings. This project is far from complete,

as the DNA sequence of humans is extremely long, yet it will eventually show

geneticists which genes are responsible for certain inherited diseases.

Identified genes could be repaired, resulting in the irradiation of inherited

diseases, such as cancer. Just last year, the locations of genes for several

diseases were confirmed and may soon be correctable. Secondly, research in

genetics has brought about a new medical field, genetic counseling. Couples

planning to have children can visit a genetic counselor and identify what

medical difficulties their child may have. With continued research in genetics,

couples will have the opportunity to become aware of a greater number of

medical conditions that may affect their child and can make the proper

adjustments needed in advance. Lastly, and perhaps the most important

advancement in the curing and treating of illnesses, geneticists are developing

a new method for removing viruses from human bodies—DNA scissors. This new

method works in a similar way that antibiotics does. When antibodies enter our

internal system they attack a specific type of enemy cell or virus and destroy

it. Likewise, DNA scissors enter the body and attack a specific type of enemy

virus or cell. ...

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...osing their lives as a result. In the

future, geneticists would be able to clone pieces of organs and, then, make

organs for surgeries involving transplants. Geneticists may even be able to

clone cells from damaged organs and then engineer exact duplicates. Genetics

will definitely have a large impact on correcting of malfunctions in the human

body.

Without doubt, genetic engineering has already helped make human life easier and

will continue to do so in the future, provided that research on genetic

engineering continues. All advancements in science have led to positive and

negative results, yet, the rewards of genetics greatly outweigh the

disadvantages. Mankind is entering a new era in medicine—genetic engineering—one

that has received criticism. As the field of genetics inevitably becomes

integrated with medical practice, people may continue to protest against what

they believe genetic engineering will unleash on our society. Rather than

allowing fear and ignorance to derail one of the most humane efforts underway,

scientists and the society must find bridges of communication and understanding,

through education, to promote the benefits of genetic engineering.

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