Whereas fossil fuels are limited since they come from specific materials years ago, biofuels are renewable (since you can always produce more if it runs out) and can be manufactured from a variety of materials such as: crop waste, manure and other byproducts. This takes recycling to a new constructive level. Likewise, the amount of carbon emissions will also decrease drastically since when biofuels are used, they produce significantly less carbon and fewer toxins. This also makes them a safer alternative in order to preserve atmospheric quality and lower air pollution. In terms of economic stimulation, the economy will find stability as when using biofuels you can disregard afore mentioned fluctuating oil prices due to change in demand.
From a financial perspective, thermal recovery and gas injection can greatly increase the original oil in place from a reservoir. In addition, producing from previously drilled wells can reduce carbon dioxide emission which is environmentally safe for the landscape around us. The multiple benefits of enhanced oil recovery demonstrate why companies are increasingly using these processes.
It is important engineers continue to improve drilling techniques. As a result, energy companies can increase efficiency and ultimately provide Americans with cheap and reliable energy. Next, fracking has sparked debate in the political realm. Environmentalist fear waste will leak into nearby water supplies and contaminate the water table. Up to 600 chemicals are used during the drilling process.
While it is true “fracking”, a procedure to obtain natural gas removal from shale formations, it is also true there have been infrastructure security issues associated with this practice. Furthermore, there have been ecological considerations from fracking brought to the forefront by countless environmentalists. Indeed, hydraulic fracturing, as it is referred to, is a process by which shale gas and oil is uprooted from a depth far below the earth’s exterior. The process of extracting shale gas and oil is employed aggressively while water is forced deep beneath the earth surface through a geological arrangement. From this arrangement, oil and gas is exerted back to the earth’s surface.
[“Fracking Controversy”]. However, the process is regulated and safe, and this event could be prevented if the fracking process is done correctly. [“Hydraulic Fracturing”, EPA] Researchers at MIT acknowledged “concern that these fractures can … penetrate shallow freshwat... ... middle of paper ... ...ng the fracking companies by making more profit, so they can hire more people to create more jobs. This will help ease the unemployment rate and benefit the economy. Fracking can help the U.S. from importing too much energy.
Another problem is how to ship the electricity. Besides power lines there could be trucks powered by electricity that have massive batteries that fill up and then carry it around the U.S like semi’s do. This would also create more jobs, making our economy better. I believe it would also help us save money in the end.
Hydraulic fracturing is a mining technique where water is mixed with sand and chemicals and injected at high pressure into a well . This causes the shale to crack, releasing natural gas to escape up the well. The natural gas is then used to make energy. Hydraulic fracturing has grown bigger over the years. It was invented in the 1940s, but was not very popular until 2003.
Natural gas occurs in fine pores of some rocks. Depth, at which natural gas is located, varies from 1000 meters to several kilometers. Gas is extracted from the subsurface using specially drilled wells called producing or operating wells. In fact, there are many types of wells , and they are used not only for extraction, but also for studying the geological structure of the subsurface, prospecting for new fields, supporting operation, etc. The oil and gas extraction industry can be classified into four major processes.
It lies in shale formations underground. One such formation, the largest in America the Marcelus Shale, a huge formation in parts of Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania contains more than $500 billion worth of gas in one area alone. A relatively new process, and a topic recently under a lot of attention around the world is fracking, or horizontal high-volume slickwater hydraulic fracturing. Fracking is the term for the oil and gas industry's relatively new process of taking already existing wells, or sometimes creating new wells, and using them in such a way to extract the natural gas from the shale formations. Fracking has inspired a recent boom in natural gas extraction and our urgent energy situation.
There is more than a million gallons of water injected into the ground at high pressures along with sand and chemicals. The well is inserted into the ground vertically until it hits the formation of Marcellus Shale and then turns horizontal. The drill goes down below the surface about ten thousand feet. The mixture of sand, chemicals, and water causes the shale to crack. The fissures that are caused by the cracks are held open by the sand particles, so that the natural gas and oil can run up the well back to the surface.